Ratlam State

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Ratlam State
रत्लाम रियासत
Princely State of British India
1652–1948
Flag Coat of arms
Flag Coat of arms
Location of Ratlam
Ratlam State in the Imperial Gazetteer of India
History
 •  Established 1652
 •  Independence of India 1948
Area
 •  1901 1,795 km2 (693 sq mi)
Population
 •  1901 83,773 
Density 46.7 /km2  (120.9 /sq mi)
Today part of Madhya Pradesh, India
Painting of Padam Singh, the Raja of Ratlam (1773 - 1800)
Sajjan Singh, the Maharaja of Ratlam, riding with Lt. Gen. Rimington and Sir Partab Singh. Linghem, France, 28 July 1915

Ratlam State[1] was a 13 gun salute (15 local) princely state in India, part of the Malwa Agency of Central India during the British Raj.

The state's capital was Ratlam town in modern Ratlam district of Madhya Pradesh. Ratlam was originally a huge kingdom, its parganas (districts) included Dharar, Badnawar, Dagparawa, Alot, Titrod, Kotri, Gadgucha, Agar, Nahargarh, Kanar, Bhilara and Ramgharia yielding a revenue of Rs.53,00,000 in the 17th century.[2][3] But the then ruler Maharaja Ratan Singh Rathore opposed Auranzeb in the Battle of Dharmatpur and was killed after a brave fight. The state was then reduced. Ratlam once again faced the wrath of the Mughals when an important Mughal officer kidnapped and raped a girl in Ratlam, this enraged the local rajputs who killed all the Mughal officials present in the city. Aurangzeb once again annexed Ratlam and reduced it to a petty state. On 5 January 1819 Ratlam State became a British protectorate.[4]

History[edit]

The state was founded in 1652. The first Ruler was Maharajadhiraj shree Huzur Maharaja Ratan Singh Bahadur. Ratan Singh was killed in battle while fighting Aurangzeb in Dharmatpur, his wife Maharani Sukhroopde Kanwar Shekhawat Ji Sahiba committed sati in 1658. Ratan Singhs sons ruled in different areas in the Malwa region. The State had an area of 1795 km2, which was closely interlaced with the territory of the princely State of Sailana. In 1901, the state had a population of 83,773; the town of Ratlam had a population of 36,321. The state enjoyed an estimated revenue of rs.10,00,000. The town was a junction on the Rajputana-Malwa Railway, and was an important trade centre, especially of opium.[5]

Ratlam was initially held by its chiefs in vassalage to the Sindhia rulers of Gwalior State, but on 5 January 1819 it became a British protectorate, following which an arrangement was made by which the Sindhia engaged never to send any troops into the country or to interfere with the internal administration.[5] In 1861 the tribute was assigned to the British government in part as payment of the Gwalior contingent.[5]

The state's last ruler signed the instrument of accession to the Indian Union on 15 June 1948.

Rulers[edit]

The rulers belonged to the Ratanot Rathore line to which the rajas of Sailana State and Sitamau State also belonged.

Maharajas[edit]

Date of Reign Maharajas of Ratlam Note
1652–1658 Ratan Singh (d.1658)

Rajas[edit]

Date of Reign Rajas of Ratlam Note
1695–1706 Chhatrasal (d. 1712)

He was restored to the Ratlam throne by emperor Aurangzeb. Ratlam was reduced and Chhatrasal further divided the kingdom by giving equal shares to all of his sons.

1706–Feb 1716 Keshri Singh (d. 1716)

He was killed by his younger brother Pratap Singh and his throne was usurped by him.

Feb 1716–1716 Pratap Singh (d. 1716)

He was killed by his nephew Jai Singh.

1716–1743 Man Singh (d. 1743)

He divided his state with his younger brother Jai Singh, who became the first raja of Sailana State.

1743–1773 Prithvi Singh (d. 1773)
1773–1800 Padam Singh (b. 17?? – d. 1800)
1800–1825 Parbat Singh (d. 1825)

During his rule Ratlam was invaded by the Scindia's of Gwalior. Parbat Singh formed an alliance with Lakshman Singh of Sailana and tried to defy the Gwalior aggression. He later concluded treaties with both the Scindia's and the British to protect his kingdom. A tribute was promised to Gwalior and in return Scindia promised to not interfere in Ratlam affairs.

1825–29 Aug 1857 Balwant Singh (b. 1814 – d. 1857)
1825–c.1832 Borthwick Regent
29 Aug 1857 – 27 Jan 1864 Bhairon Singh (b. 1839 – d. 1864)
27 Jan 1864 – 20 Jan 1893 Ranjit Singh (b. 1860 – d. 1893) from 15 Feb 1887, Sir Ranjit Singh
27 Jan 1864 – 1 Jan 1880 Khan Bahadur Mir Shahamat Ali Regent
20 Jan 1893 – 1 Jan 1921 Sajjan Singh (b. 1880 – d. 1947)

He was a great administrator and ruler. He turned Ratlam State into one of the leading princely states of India. During his rule Ratlams gun salutes were increased to 13 guns and 15 local. His title was also increased from raja bahadur to maharaja bahadur for his services in the Anglo-Afghan war.

20 Jan 1893 – 15 Dec 1898 Khan Bahadur Cursetji Rustamji (b. 18?? – d. 1903) Regent

Maharajas[edit]

Date of Reign Maharajas of Ratlam
1 Jan 1893 – 3 Feb 1947 Sajjan Singh (s.a.)
3 Feb 1947 – 15 Aug 1947 Lokendra Singh (b. 1927 – d. 1991)

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Imperial Gazetteer of India, v. 21, p. 240.
  2. ^ https://www.royalark.net/India/ratlam2.htm
  3. ^ http://www.mptourism.com/blog/ratlam.html
  4. ^ Princely States of India
  5. ^ a b c Wikisource Chisholm, Hugh, ed. (1911). "Ratlam". Encyclopædia Britannica. 22 (11th ed.). Cambridge University Press. p. 918.

External links[edit]

Coordinates: 23°19′N 75°04′E / 23.32°N 75.07°E / 23.32; 75.07