|Birth name||Rosanne Gallimore|
|Born||December 26, 1941|
|Origin||Puryear, Tennessee, U.S.|
Annie McGowan (born Rosanne Gallimore, December 26, 1941) is a country singer and songwriter under the stage name Rattlesnake Annie. She earned her nickname as a child from her respect of snakes. Rattlesnake began recording music in 1959 and achieved success in Europe. She became the first female country blues musician to tour the Eastern Bloc countries in Europe and released an album with a country singer Michal Tučný from Czechoslovakia. In 1989, she became the first American country performer to sign a recording contract with Sony Music Japan.
She was born December 26, 1941 and was raised near Puryear, Tennessee, United States, on a cotton and tobacco farm. Her great-great-grandmother was Cherokee, a tribe which considered the rattlesnake a symbol of healing. As a child, Rattlesnake had no fear of snakes, and her grandmother often called her "rattlesnake".
Rattlesnake's father had been a country and blues musician, singer, guitar and fiddle and she learned to play guitar at an early age. She earned her first paycheck from singing at age 8, and from then on her goal in life was to earn a living while making music. When she was 12, Rattlesnake and two of her cousins formed a band called the Gallimore Sisters. They performed locally and won a statewide talent contest in 1954 landing them an appearance in Nashville on the Jr. Grand Ole Opry and a live television performance.
At age 16, Rattlesnake moved to Memphis and then on to Huntsville, Alabama. In the early 1960s she moved to Texas, where she met and married Max McGowan. The couple purchased 200 acres of land along the Brazos River. The land had never been cleared or lived on.
Rattlesnake continued to pursue a music career, and in 1964 her first single, "Texas Lullabye", was released. She recorded her debut album, Rattlesnakes and Rusty Water, on her own label, Rattlesnake Records. At the time, it was also rare for a woman to produce her own songs. Rattlesnake reminisced of those early days: "I was breaking down barriers. If I could work like a man in the fields, why couldn't I play a guitar and produce my own records?"
Because of promotion and her focus for International music, her first album became popular in Europe. In the mid-1970s she became the first female country blues singer/guitarist songwriter to play in the Eastern Bloc countries of Europe. She appeared on television in East Germany, and the West German branch of Greenpeace adopted one of her songs, "Goodbye to a River", as their anthem. In Czechoslovakia she recorded an album, Rattlesnake Annie and the Last Cowboy, with Czech country singer Michal Tučný.
In 1991, Rattlesnake became the first American country performer to sign a recording contract with Sony Music Japan. She expressed relief at the agreement, mentioning that "it's always been a hassle because they can never put me in a slot. What bin does the record store use for my records? ... When I signed with Sony Japan and they put me in their world music department, for the first time I felt free and understood." She and her husband moved to Southern Spain, where they remained for 30 years. In Andalusia she immersed herself in the lives and music of Gypsies and Flamenco.
Rattlesnake has recorded music and performed live on every continent except Oceania  In her career, she has recorded in over ten languages, including Czech, Russian, Spanish, Japanese, Maya, German, Chinese, Arabic and English. Many of her songs contain a political message. She says that "Songs are so important to make a statement on issues, and that's how I have used my music. Life is just full of objections, especially when you are a woman." In this vein, she has recorded songs for the Civil Rights Movement, for women's rights, and against the Vietnam War.
- Painted Bird
- Rattlesnake Annie Sings Hank Williams
- Indian Dream
- Rattlesnake Annie
- Rattlesnake Annie and the Last Cowboy (1983, by Supraphon, Czechoslovakia)
- Adios Last Cowboy (1995, by Sony Czech Republic)
- Country Livin'
- Rattlesnakes and Rusty Water
- Southern Discomfort (2002)
- I Ride Alone (2002)
- Some Stories Never End
- Rattlesnake Annie sings Willie Nelson (2004)
- The Best of Rattlesnake Annie (2006)
- International Fusion Project (2009) Featuring Caroline Perry
- World Full of Love (2012)
|US Country||CAN Country|
|1987||"Callin' Your Bluff"||79||51||Rattlesnake Annie|
|1988||"Somewhere South of Macon"||79||—|
- Brennan, Sandra, Rattlesnake Annie, Allmusic, retrieved 2008-11-12
- Hudson (2007), p. 222.
- Ramakrishnan, Deepa H. (2006-03-10), "Blues singer reaches out to Indian women", The Hindu, retrieved 2008-11-12
- Edwards, Joe (October 28, 1983), "Snakes, Willie tops her charts", The Courier, retrieved 2008-11-12
- Hudson (2007), p. 221.
- Hudson (2007), p. 223.
- Hudson (2007), p. 219.
- Hudson, Kathleen (2007), Women in Texas Music: Stories and Songs, University of Texas Press, ISBN 978-0-292-71734-3