Rattlesnake Fire

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Rattlesnake Fire
Memorial crosses at the site of the 1953 Rattlesnake Fire
LocationGrindstone Canyon, Mendocino National Forest, California
Coordinates39°39′19″N 122°38′10″W / 39.65528°N 122.63611°W / 39.65528; -122.63611Coordinates: 39°39′19″N 122°38′10″W / 39.65528°N 122.63611°W / 39.65528; -122.63611
Date(s)July 9, 1953 (1953-07-09) – July 11, 1953 (1953-07-11)
Burned area1,300 acres (530 ha)
Perpetrator(s)Stan Pattan
Rattlesnake Fire is located in Northern California
Rattlesnake Fire

The Rattlesnake Fire was a wildfire started by an arsonist on July 9, 1953, in Grindstone Canyon on the Mendocino National Forest in northern California. The wildfire killed one Forest Service employee and 14 volunteer firefighters from the New Tribes Mission, and burned over 1,300 acres (530 ha) before it was controlled on July 11, 1953. It became and remains to this day a well-known firefighting textbook case on fatal wildland fires.


The arsonist, Stanford Pattan, started two fires, one on private land and the other along Alder Springs Road inside the national forest boundary. He was later convicted and sentenced on two counts of arson.[1] The first fire was quickly suppressed by responding firefighters. The second fire continued burning uphill in what's known as Rattlesnake Canyon; it was reported mid-afternoon and numerous fire crews responded -- from the Forest Service and the state, along with a pick-up crew hired from the New Tribes Mission at Fouts Springs. By late evening the fire was nearing containment. At about 9 p.m., though, as detailed in John Maclean's 2018 book River of Fire, the wind picked up, reversed direction, and poured downhill.


Fifteen firefighters were burned to death as they tried to outrun the fire through the dense chaparral.

Lessons learned[edit]

As a consequence of the fire, there were major changes to wildland fire training, firefighting safety standards, and overall awareness of how weather affects fire behavior.[2][3] The 1953 Rattlesnake Fire was one of the incidents that culminated in the 1957 Report to the Chief (the Report of the Task Force to Recommend Action to Reduce the Chances of Men Being Killed by Burning While Fighting Fire).


  1. ^ Cermak, Robert W. p. 323
  2. ^ Maclean, John 2003
  3. ^ [1] Mendocino NF webpage on the Rattlesnake Fire


  • Cermak, Robert W, Fire in the Forest—A History of Forest Fire Control on the National Forests in California 1898-1956 USFS Publisher, 2005
  • Maclean, John N. The Arsonist, the Watch, and the Rattlesnake Fire, 1953, from Fire and Ashes: On the Front Lines of American Wildfire, Henry Holt and Co. 2003

External links[edit]