Rauisuchidae

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Rauisuchids
Temporal range: MiddleLate Triassic Possible Early Triassic record
Mounted skeleton of Postosuchus kirkpatricki in the Museum of Texas Tech University
Scientific classification Edit this classification
Domain: Eukaryota
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Chordata
Class: Reptilia
Clade: Archosauria
Clade: Pseudosuchia
Clade: Loricata
Family: Rauisuchidae
Huene, 1942
Genera
Synonyms

Rauisuchidae is a group of large (up to 6 metres (20 ft) or more) predatory Triassic archosaurs. Some disagreement exists over which genera should be included in the Rauisuchidae and which should be in the related Prestosuchidae and Poposauridae, and indeed whether these should even be thought of as separate valid families. Rauisuchids occurred throughout much of the Triassic, and may have first occurred in the Early Triassic if some archosaurian taxa such as Scythosuchus and Tsylmosuchus are considered to be within the family.[1]

An early cladistic analysis of crocodylotarsan (pseudosuchian) archosaurs included Lotosaurus, Fasolasuchus, Rauisuchus, and "the Kupferzell rauisuchid" (later called Batrachotomus) within the Rauisuchidae.[2] However, a later study found that Batrachotomus was a more basal pseudosuchian only slightly more "advanced" than Prestosuchus.[3] In addition, the toothless Lotosaurus has been found to be more closely related to the Ctenosauriscidae, a clade of poposauroids with sails on their backs.[4]

Two genera, previously classified as poposaurids, are in fact rauisuchids. These include Teratosaurus[5][6] and Postosuchus.[7]

Genera[edit]

Genus Status Age Location Unit Notes Images

Arganasuchus?

Valid Late Triassic  Morocco Named for the Moroccan fossil site where it was discovered, the Argana Basin. Its phylogenetic placement is uncertain.

Fenhosuchus?

Valid Anisian  China May be a chimera of fossils from the erythrosuchid Shansisuchus and an indeterminate archosaur.

Jushatyria?

Valid Ladinian  Russia Placement uncertain

Polonosuchus

Valid Carnian  Poland

Postosuchus

Valid Late Triassic  US Chinle Formation

Newark Supergroup

One of the most well-known genera of Rauisuchidae

Procerosuchus?

Valid Carnian  Brazil Santa Maria Formation Placement uncertain

Rauisuchus

Valid Late Triassic  Brazil
Scolotosuchus Valid Olenekian  Russia Lipovskaya Formation

Teratosaurus

Valid Norian -

Rhaetian

 Germany Löwenstein Formation Once considered an early carnosaurian dinosaur

Tikisuchus?

Valid Late Triassic  India Tiki Formation Placement uncertain

Tsylmosuchus?

Valid Olenekian  Russia Possibly one of the oldest archosaurs.

Vivaron

Valid Norian  US Chinle Formation

Vjushkovisaurus?

Valid Anisian  Russia May be an erythrosuchid

Vytshegdosuchus?

Valid Olenekian  Russia Placement uncertain

References[edit]

  1. ^ Gower, D. J.; Sennikov, A. G. (2003). "Early archosaurs from Russia". In Benton, M. J.; Shishkin, M. A.; Unwin, D. M. (eds.). The Age of Dinosaurs in Russia and Mongolia. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press. pp. 140–159.
  2. ^ Parrish, J. M. (1993). "Phylogeny of the Crocodylotarsi, with reference to archosaurian and crurotarsan monophyly". Journal of Vertebrate Paleontology. 13 (3): 287–308. doi:10.1080/02724634.1993.10011511. S2CID 84288744.
  3. ^ Gower, David J. (2002). "Braincase evolution in Suchian Archosaurs (Reptilia: Diapsida): Evidence from the Rauisuchian Batrachotomus kupferzellensis". Zoological Journal of the Linnean Society. 136 (1): 49–76. doi:10.1046/j.1096-3642.2002.00025.x.
  4. ^ Nesbitt, S.J. (2005). "Osteology of the Middle Triassic pseudosuchian archosaur Arizonasaurus babbitti". Historical Biology. 8 (1): 19–47. doi:10.1080/08912960500476499. S2CID 84326151.
  5. ^ Long, Robert A.; Murry, Phillip. A. (1995). "Late Triassic (Carnian and Norian) tetrapods from the southwestern United States". New Mexico Museum of Natural History and Science, Bulletin. 4: 1–254.
  6. ^ Galton PM, Walker AD. (November 1996). "Bromsgroveia from the Middle Triassic of England, the earliest record of a poposaurid thecodontian reptile (Archosauria: Rauisuchia)". Neues Jahrbuch für Geologie und Paläontologie, Abhandlungen. 201 (3): 303–325. doi:10.1127/njgpa/201/1996/303.
  7. ^ Weinbaum, J.C.; Hungerbühler, A. (2007). "A revision of Poposaurus gracilis (Archosauria: Suchia) based on two new specimens from the Late Triassic of the southwestern U.S.A." Paläontologische Zeitschrift. 81 (2): 131–145. doi:10.1007/BF02988388. S2CID 84822632.

External links[edit]