Rauma, Norway

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Rauma kommune
Municipality
View of Åndalsnes in Rauma
View of Åndalsnes in Rauma
Coat of arms of Rauma kommune
Coat of arms
Official logo of Rauma kommune
Møre og Romsdal within
Norway
Rauma within Møre og Romsdal
Rauma within Møre og Romsdal
Coordinates: 62°30′17″N 07°46′55″E / 62.50472°N 7.78194°E / 62.50472; 7.78194Coordinates: 62°30′17″N 07°46′55″E / 62.50472°N 7.78194°E / 62.50472; 7.78194
Country Norway
County Møre og Romsdal
District Romsdal
Administrative centre Åndalsnes
Government
 • Mayor (2011) Lars Olav Hustad (H)
Area
 • Total 1,502.15 km2 (579.98 sq mi)
 • Land 1,441.97 km2 (556.75 sq mi)
 • Water 60.18 km2 (23.24 sq mi)
Area rank #51 in Norway
Population (2017)
 • Total 7,503
 • Rank #143 in Norway
 • Density 5.2/km2 (13/sq mi)
 • Change (10 years) 2.4%
Demonym(s) Raumaværing[1]
Time zone UTC+01:00 (CET)
 • Summer (DST) UTC+02:00 (CEST)
ISO 3166 code NO-1539
Official language form Neutral
Website www.rauma.kommune.no

Rauma is a municipality in Møre og Romsdal county, Norway. It is part of the traditional district of Romsdal. The administrative centre is the town of Åndalsnes. Other settlements in Rauma include the villages of Vågstranda, Måndalen, Innfjorden, Veblungsnes, Verma, Isfjorden, Eidsbygda, Rødven, Åfarnes, and Mittet. Most settlement in the municipality is located along the fjords and in the Romsdalen valley.

The municipality surrounds part of the southern end of Romsdalsfjorden and the Isfjorden and it also includes the Romsdalen valley and Romsdalsalpene mountains. In the lower part of the valleys and around Romsdal Fjord and Rødvenfjorden are driven agriculture with emphasis on livestock. The clothing industry has traditionally been a dominant industry in the municipality, especially in Isfjorden. In the summer, Rauma has a fairly large amount of tourist traffic. The top tourist attractions include mountain climbing/hiking, salmon fishing, Trollstigen, and the historic Rødven Stave Church.[2]

The 1,502-square-kilometre (580 sq mi) municipality is the 51st largest by area out of the 422 municipalities in Norway. Rauma is the 143rd most populous municipality in Norway with a population of 7,503. The municipality's population density is 5.2 inhabitants per square kilometre (13/sq mi) and its population has increased by 2.4% over the last decade.[3]

General information[edit]

View of Marstein in the Romsdalen valley
View of the Trollstigen road
View of the two churches in Rødven

The municipality of Rauma was established on 1 January 1964 when the old municipalities of Eid (population: 381), Grytten (population: 3,683), Hen (population: 1,663), Voll (population: 1,163), and the southern part of Veøy (population: 1,400) were all merged to form one large municipality. The municipal borders have not changed since that time.[4]

Name[edit]

The municipality is named after the Rauma River, which flows through the Romsdalen valley.[5]

Coat-of-arms[edit]

The coat-of-arms is from modern times. They were granted on 4 November 1983. The three points on the arms represent the two and a half mountains of Vengetindane, Trolltindane and Romsdalshornet, all located in the municipality.[6]

Churches[edit]

The Church of Norway has seven parishes (sokn) within the municipality of Rauma. It is part of the Indre Romsdal deanery in the Diocese of Møre.

Churches in Rauma
Parish (Sokn) Church Name Location of the Church Year Built
Eid og Holm Eid Church Eidsbygda 1796
Holm Church Holm 1907
Rødven Church Rødven 1907
Rødven Stave Church Rødven c. 1200
Grytten Grytten Church Veblungsnes 1829
Hen Hen Church Isfjorden 1831
Kors Kors Church Marstein in Romsdalen 1797
Voll Voll Church Voll 1896
Innfjorden Chapel Innfjorden 1976
Vågstranda Vågstranda Church Vågstranda 1870
Øverdalen Øverdalen Church Verma 1902

Geography[edit]

View of Åndalsnes from the top of Trollstigen

The municipality surrounds the eastern part of Romsdal Fjord, Isfjorden, and Rødvenfjorden, and it is south of the Langfjorden. It also surrounds the Romsdalen valley and the Rauma River from the mouth to the Oppland county border.

The Kyrkjetaket and Gjuratinden mountains lie in the northeastern part of the municipality. The mountains Romsdalshornet, Store Trolltind, Trollryggen, Store Venjetinden, and the Troll Wall are all in the central part of the municipality in the Romsdalsalpene mountain range. The mountains Karitinden and Puttegga are located in the southwestern part of the municipality. Part of Reinheimen National Park lies within the municipality.

Transportation[edit]

European Route E136, Norwegian County Road 63, and Norwegian County Road 64 all pass through the municipality. The Trollstigen road is part of County Road 63 in Rauma, and it is a famous tourist attraction due to the many hairpin turns on the steep road.

The Rauma railway line also runs through the municipality, over the Kylling Bridge, and terminates at Åndalsnes Station. The nearest airports are Ålesund Airport which is 135 kilometres (84 mi) by road from Åndalsnes and Molde Airport which is 55 kilometres (34 mi) by road plus a road ferry.

Government[edit]

All municipalities in Norway, including Rauma, are responsible for primary education (through 10th grade), outpatient health services, senior citizen services, unemployment and other social services, zoning, economic development, and municipal roads. The municipality is governed by a municipal council of elected representatives, which in turn elect a mayor.

Municipal council[edit]

The municipal council (Kommunestyre) of Rauma is made up of 27 representatives that are elected to four year terms. Currently, the party breakdown is as follows:[7]

Rauma Kommunestyre 2015–2019
Party Name Name in Norwegian Number of
representatives
 Labour PartyArbeiderpartiet5
 Progress PartyFremskrittspartiet2
 Conservative PartyHøyre8
 Christian Democratic PartyKristelig Folkeparti2
 Centre PartySenterpartiet7
 Socialist Left PartySosialistisk Venstreparti2
 Liberal PartyVenstre1
Total number of members:27

Attractions[edit]

View of Trollveggen

Rauma is frequently visited by tourists, especially due to the major sights:

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Navn på steder og personer: Innbyggjarnamn" (in Norwegian). Språkrådet. Retrieved 2015-12-01. 
  2. ^ Store norske leksikon. "Rauma" (in Norwegian). Retrieved 2013-06-02. 
  3. ^ Statistisk sentralbyrå (2017). "Table: 06913: Population 1 January and population changes during the calendar year (M)" (in Norwegian). Retrieved 2017-10-18. 
  4. ^ Jukvam, Dag (1999). "Historisk oversikt over endringer i kommune- og fylkesinndelingen" (PDF) (in Norwegian). Statistisk sentralbyrå. 
  5. ^ Rygh, Oluf (1908). Norske gaardnavne: Romsdals amt (in Norwegian) (13 ed.). Kristiania, Norge: W. C. Fabritius & sønners bogtrikkeri. p. 239. 
  6. ^ Norske Kommunevåpen (1990). "Nye kommunevåbener i Norden". Retrieved 19 October 2008. 
  7. ^ "Table: 04813: Members of the local councils, by party/electoral list at the Municipal Council election (M)" (in Norwegian). Statistics Norway. 2015. 

External links[edit]