Rauma within Møre og Romsdal
|County||Møre og Romsdal|
|• Mayor (2011)||Lars Olav Hustad (H)|
|• Total||1,502.21 km2 (580.01 sq mi)|
|• Land||1,442.12 km2 (556.81 sq mi)|
|• Water||60.09 km2 (23.20 sq mi)|
|Area rank||51 in Norway|
|• Rank||136 in Norway|
|• Density||5.1/km2 (13/sq mi)|
|• Change (10 years)||+1.5 %|
|Time zone||CET (UTC+1)|
|• Summer (DST)||CEST (UTC+2)|
|ISO 3166 code||NO-1539|
|Official language form||Neutral|
Rauma is a municipality in Møre og Romsdal county, Norway. It is part of the traditional district of Romsdal. The administrative centre is the town of Åndalsnes. Other settlements in Rauma include the villages of Vågstranda, Voll, Innfjorden, Veblungsnes, Verma, Isfjorden, Eidsbygda, Rødven, Åfarnes, and Mittet. Most settlement in the municipality is located along the fjords and in the Romsdalen valley.
The municipality surrounds part of the southern end of the Romsdalsfjorden and the Isfjorden and it also includes the Romsdalen valley and Romsdalsalpene mountains. In the lower part of the valleys and around the Romsdalsfjord and Rødvenfjorden are driven agriculture with emphasis on livestock. The clothing industry has traditionally been a dominant industry in the municipality, especially in Isfjorden. In the summer, Rauma has a fairly large amount of tourist traffic. The top tourist attractions include mountain climbing/hiking, salmon fishing, Trollstigen, and the historic Rødven Stave Church.
The municipality of Rauma was established on 1 January 1964 when the old municipalities of Eid (population: 381), Grytten (population: 3,683), Hen (population: 1,663), Voll (population: 1,163), and the southern part of Veøy (population: 1,400) were all merged to form one large municipality. The municipal borders have not changed since that time.
The coat-of-arms is from modern times. They were granted on 4 November 1983. The three points on the arms represent the two and a half mountains of Vengetindane, Trolltindane and Romsdalshornet, all located in the municipality.
|Parish (Sokn)||Church Name||Location of the Church||Year Built|
|Eid og Holm||Eid Church||Eidsbygda||1796|
|Rødven Stave Church||Rødven||c. 1200|
|Kors||Kors Church||Marstein in Romsdalen||1797|
The municipality surrounds the eastern part of the Romsdalsfjorden, Isfjorden, and Rødvenfjorden, and it is south of the Langfjorden. It also surrounds the Romsdalen valley and the Rauma River from the mouth to the Oppland county border.
The Kyrkjetaket and Gjuratinden mountains lie in the northeastern part of the municipality. The mountains Romsdalshornet, Store Trolltind, Trollryggen, Store Venjetinden, and the Troll Wall are all in the central part of the municipality in the Romsdalsalpene mountain range. The mountains Karitinden and Puttegga are located in the southwestern part of the municipality. Part of Reinheimen National Park lies within the municipality.
European Route E136, Norwegian County Road 63, and Norwegian County Road 64 all pass through the municipality. The Trollstigen road is part of County Road 63 in Rauma, and it is a famous tourist attraction due to the many hairpin turns on the steep road.
The Rauma railway line also runs through the municipality, over the Kylling Bridge, and terminates at Åndalsnes Station. The nearest airports are Ålesund Airport which is 135 kilometres (84 mi) by road from Åndalsnes and Molde Airport which is 55 kilometres (34 mi) by road plus a road ferry.
Rauma is frequently visited by tourists, especially due to the major sights:
- Trollveggen in Romsdalen valley
- Trollstigen road to Geiranger
- Rødven Stave Church (built around the year 1200)
- "Navn på steder og personer: Innbyggjarnamn" (in Norwegian). Språkrådet. Retrieved 2015-12-01.
- Store norske leksikon. "Rauma" (in Norwegian). Retrieved 2013-06-02.
- Jukvam, Dag (1999). "Historisk oversikt over endringer i kommune- og fylkesinndelingen" (PDF) (in Norwegian). Statistisk sentralbyrå.
- Rygh, Oluf (1908). Norske gaardnavne: Romsdals amt (in Norwegian) (13 ed.). Kristiania, Norge: W. C. Fabritius & sønners bogtrikkeri. p. 239.
- Norske Kommunevåpen (1990). "Nye kommunevåbener i Norden". Retrieved 19 October 2008.