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Raumism (Esperanto: Raŭmismo) is an ideology beginning in 1980 with the Manifesto of Rauma, written at the 36th International Youth Congress, which criticized the goals of the traditional Esperanto movement and defined the Esperanto community as "a stateless diaspora linguistic minority" based on freedom of association.[1]

Manifesto of Rauma[edit]

The Manifesto of Rauma (Manifesto de Raŭmo) emphasized that an official introduction is not probable and not essential during the 1980s and that it is necessary to have alternative goals. The manifesto emphasizes the fact that the Esperanto-speaking community has itself become a culture, worthy of preservation and promotion for its own sake. It clearly states: "We want to spread Esperanto to realize its positive values more and more (...)"[2] – a fact that is not widely known.


  1. ^ http://www.esperantio.net/index.php?id=13
  2. ^ "Ni celas disvastigi Esperanton por pli kaj pli, iom post iom realigi ĝiajn pozitivajn valorojn (...)" Manifesto de Raŭmo

External links[edit]

Criticism of Raumism[edit]