|Sub-region||Inner Savonia sub-region|
|• Municipal manager||Risto Niemelä|
|• Total||761.98 km2 (294.20 sq mi)|
|• Land||538.95 km2 (208.09 sq mi)|
|• Water||222.99 km2 (86.10 sq mi)|
|• Rank||161st largest in Finland|
|• Rank||219th largest in Finland|
|• Density||5.44/km2 (14.1/sq mi)|
|Population by native language|
|• Finnish||97.2% (official)|
|Population by age|
|• 0 to 14||12.1%|
|• 15 to 64||51.9%|
|• 65 or older||36.1%|
|Time zone||UTC+02:00 (EET)|
|• Summer (DST)||UTC+03:00 (EEST)|
Rautalampi is a municipality of Finland. It is located in the Northern Savonia region. The municipality has a population of 2,932 (30 September 2023) and covers an area of 761.98 square kilometres (294.20 sq mi) of which 222.99 km2 (86.10 sq mi) is water. The population density is 5.44 inhabitants per square kilometre (14.1/sq mi). The municipality is unilingually Finnish.
The name of the municipality means "iron pond", which is also why the coat of arms of the municipality features the symbol of iron.
The village was first mentioned in 1549, when it was a part of the parish (pitäjä) of Sysmä. Even though Rautalampi was a part of Tavastia, most of its settlers were Savonians who came to the area in the 16th century. The oldest documents (1552-1554) on Rautalampi only mention 22 Tavastian settlers in the area, while there were 57 Savonian settlers. The parish (pitäjä) of Rautalampi was established in 1561. It was a large parish which included parts of 27 modern municipalities, most of them in the modern region of Central Finland.
Administratively Rautalampi was divided into three divisions (despite their amount, called "fourths"):
- Keitele, named after the lake Keitele, containing modern Viitasaari, Kivijärvi (incl. Kinnula and the Salamajärvi village in modern Perho), Kannonkoski and Pihtipudas, as well as the villages of Särkisalo (now in Konnevesi) and Horontaipale (now in Vesanto) and most of Konginkangas
- Konnevesi, named after the lake Konnevesi, containing modern Rautalampi proper, Konnevesi, Hankasalmi, Vesanto, Keitele, part of Tervo and the Tavastian side of Pielavesi,
- Saraavesi, named after the lake Saraavesi, containing modern Laukaa (incl. Äänekoski+Suolahti), Sumiainen, Uurainen, Saarijärvi (incl. Pylkönmäki), Karstula (incl. Kyyjärvi) as well as most of Jyväskylä (incl. Toivakka) and Petäjävesi.
Not too long after the establishment of the parish, most likely in 1563, the divisions were renamed: Keitele became Kymi, Konnevesi became Rautalampi and Saraavesi became Pernasalo. The Kymi fourth was later renamed to Kivijärvi in 1617. The territories of the fourths did not change until the fourths were abolished entirely in 1684.
The first ecclesiastical division of the Rautalampi parish happened when Laukaa became separate in 1628, while the last division was the separation of Konnevesi in 1919 (administratively slightly later in 1922).
- Juho Heimonen (1861–1930)
- Kustaa Jalkanen (1862–1921)
- August Raatikainen (1874–1937)
- Ville Heimonen (1875–1951)
- Mikko Hult (1915–1993)
- Urpo Korhonen (1923–2009)
- Anne Hänninen (born 1958)
- Sisko Hanhijoki (born 1962)
- Martti Marttinen, the great-grandfather of John Morton
- Anna-Reeta Korhonen (1809–1893)
- "Area of Finnish Municipalities 1.1.2018" (PDF). National Land Survey of Finland. Retrieved 30 January 2018.
- "Preliminary population statistics 2023, September". StatFin. Statistics Finland. Retrieved 26 October 2023.
- "Demographic Structure by area as of 31 December 2022". Statistics Finland's PX-Web databases. Statistics Finland. Retrieved 6 September 2023.
- "Population according to age (1-year) and sex by area and the regional division of each statistical reference year, 2003–2020". StatFin. Statistics Finland. Retrieved 2 May 2021.
- "Luettelo kuntien ja seurakuntien tuloveroprosenteista vuonna 2023". Tax Administration of Finland. 14 November 2022. Retrieved 7 May 2023.
- "VII MUUTTO VIERAISIIN MAAKUNTIIN - Savon historia". savonhistoria.fi (in Finnish). Retrieved January 8, 2023.
- "SuomalainenPaikannimikirja_e-kirja_kuvallinen.pdf" (PDF). kaino.kotus.fi (in Finnish). p. 373. Retrieved August 16, 2022.
- "Kun Keski-Suomi oli Rautalampi - Rautalampi.fi". rautalampi.fi (in Finnish). Retrieved August 8, 2022.
- Jalkanen, Kaarlo Jonathan (1900). Rautalammin vanhan hallintopitäjän historia (in Finnish) (2010 ed.). Jyväskylä: SKS. p. 104. ISBN 978-952-222-221-3.
- "Natural Features and History Of Southern Konnevesi National Park". Metsähallitus. 2015. Retrieved 17 August 2015.
- "John Mortonin syntyperä syynissä Rautalammilla". yle.fi (in Finnish). Retrieved November 8, 2022.
- Media related to Rautalampi at Wikimedia Commons
- Rautalampi travel guide from Wikivoyage
- Municipality of Rautalampi – Official website (in Finnish)