||This article's lead section may not adequately summarize key points of its contents. (March 2014)|
|Studio album by Tim Hecker|
|Released||February 14, 2011|
|Recorded||July 21, 2010 at Frikirkjan Church, Reykjavík, Iceland|
|Tim Hecker chronology|
Ravedeath, 1972 is Canadian ambient musician Tim Hecker's sixth full-length album, released on February 14, 2011 by Kranky. Musically sparse, and recorded primarily in Frikirkjan Church, Reykjavík. The album's central theme is of the degradation of music itself. Critical response was largely warm, with many reviewers acknowledging the album as Hecker's finest.
Writing, recording and release
The album was written by Hecker during late 2010 in Montreal and Banff, Canada. The majority of the album was recorded in Fríkirkjan Church, Reykjavík, Iceland; the location was discovered as a possible recording venue by Iceland-based producer and musician Ben Frost. Hecker recorded the bulk of the album on July 21, 2010, playing compositions on the pipe organ which were further complemented by guitar and piano. Following this concentrated recording session, he returned to his studio in Montreal and worked for a month, undertaking the mixing and completing the record. The result, as Hecker described it, is "a hybrid of a studio and a live record."
The cover depicts MIT students pushing a piano off the roof of a campus building there in 1972 – an act which began a long-running university ritual. Inspired by "digital garbage – like when the Kazakhstan government cracks down on piracy and there's pictures of 10 million DVDs and CDRs being pushed by bulldozers", Hecker found the artwork and developed the cover concept himself, licensing the artwork from the MIT archives and re-photographing the image.
The '1972' of the album's title is a reference to the cover artwork – the inaugural piano drop occurred in 1972 – but word 'Ravedeath' has unclear connotations, even to Hecker himself. At a rave in 2010, the word occurred to Hecker, and became "the wrongest and the most right title ever. It had a life of its own after a while."
The album was released in CD and double LP format by Kranky Records on February 14, 2011. Hecker subsequently released a companion EP, named Dropped Pianos, later in 2011. It serves as a "starker and colder" counterpoint, utilising "heavy reverb and minor-key tones, [producing] lots of negative space". The EP's cover art is yet another re-photographing of the MIT image used for Ravedeath. While the image has been re-photographed in a different setting, it is unclear whether it was a negative of the image that was re-photographed, or simply a variation that has been inverted.
Sound and structure
While an oft-used label, the appellation "ambient" is deemed a "lazy term", but serves as a "tool of recognition" for the album. One Thirty BPM describes the music as "drone-based tempests with a mixture of laptop, keyboard, tape and effects-drenched guitar". The album makes extensive use of pipe organ, which "sets the album's tone from the outset", alongside "[l]ingering piano chords [which] slip over the droning throb of the buried pipe organ"; although "many may not identify an organ as the source of the music at all". 
A diverse range of recording artists have been used as reference points to describe the sound and tone of the album. "Studio Suicide" is likened to shoegaze artists My Bloody Valentine and Slowdive, while other parts of the album have called reviewers to invoke Pink Floyd, Bach, Silver Apples and Vangelis. Minimalist composer Terry Riley and guitarist John Martyn are likewise alluded to, while a PopMatters review underlined the power of the album when saying that it can be "more bone-chilling than Cannibal Corpse at their most bloodthirsty."
The album's unique recording context – its location and technique – was deemed a vital component of its sound, one described as "evocative, moving and expressive". Tonally, melody "tends to remain subordinate to texture", meaning "Hecker's music is not easy or accessible. There are hints of melody but these are always subservient to mood, texture and feeling. There is little or no percussion and rhythm is not a prominent element." This results in "a dark and often claustrophobic record", as No Ripcord's Marc Higgins concludes that "the record is awash with the feeling of isolation".
Reviewers found that the record did not follow conform to a typical structure. "The record seems to have no center, no shining single moment, no climax or vortex. Instead it hovers lightly but ominously, like the notes in the songs themselves, hanging in midair without ever dropping to the floor. Each time a track threatens to spill over and crash, it doesn’t." There was, however, a divide to be found; the second half's tracks "are subtler than those in the first half and give the album a sense of balance and a natural arc". In Hecker's own words, "In the beginning, it's a false start, a kind of a turn-away, like 'Don't cross. This river it's filled with blood,' or something... [But] that tension and anxiety slowly dissipates towards the end of the record and it has an almost romantic finish to it."
Reviewers roundly acknowledged the album's thematic centre, as the album "seems to be pointing at an end to music, or the endlessness of music". A MusicOMH review expands on this: "[o]ne of Hecker's major concerns is decline and degradation. The album's title and a number of the individual track titles suggest that this preoccupation is still very much in his mind. Yet the titles also suggest some sort of internal, personal conflict – perhaps even a crisis of confidence." Joe Colly's Pitchfork review delves deeper into this idea: "it seems that the organ sounds Hecker captured back in that Rejkjavik church represent a certain purity of sound and that the digital noise battering it throughout act as the enemy, the corrosive effect. There's an ongoing struggle between the two that's mirrored in the menacing song titles and gripping cover art. It's important, then, that the album closes with "In the Air III", a track that features almost no interference whatsoever, just the plinking organ by itself. If I'm reading it right, it feels like Hecker's point is that music, in its purest form, survives no matter what you throw at it".
|The A.V. Club||A-|
|Drowned in Sound||9/10|
|Tiny Mix Tapes||3.5/5|
Ravedeath, 1972 received widespread acclaim from music critics upon release. At Metacritic, which assigns a normalized rating out of 100 to reviews from mainstream critics, the album has an average score of 86 out of 100, which indicates "universal acclaim" based on 17 reviews. The album has been described as Hecker's "most claustrophobic", in the same breath as being "his most powerful", and his "most successful" album. Reviewers for Pitchfork and Rock Sound acclaimed it as Hecker's "finest work to date". Set in the context of the ambient genre, One Thirty BPM's Ian Barker holds that it "quietly stand[s] a shade taller than many of its peers".
Both Pitchfork and Uncut placed the album at number 30 on their respective lists of the top 50 albums of 2011, while The Quietus named the album #3 on its rundown the top albums of 2011. The album was longlisted for the Canada-based 2011 Polaris Music Prize, and in March 2011 it won the Juno Award for best Canadian Electronic music album.
All songs written and composed by Hecker.
|1.||"The Piano Drop"||2:54|
|2.||"In the Fog I"||4:52|
|3.||"In the Fog II"||6:01|
|4.||"In the Fog III"||5:01|
|6.||"Hatred of Music I"||6:11|
|7.||"Hatred of Music II"||4:22|
|8.||"Analog Paralysis, 1978"||3:52|
|9.||"Studio Suicide, 1980"||3:25|
|10.||"In the Air I"||4:12|
|11.||"In the Air II"||4:08|
|12.||"In the Air III"||4:02|
- Writing and performing
- Tim Hecker – writing and recording
- Paul Corley – engineering
- Ben Frost – engineering and additional piano
- David Nakamoto – artwork layout
- James Plotkin – mastering
|14 February 2011||Kranky||krank154||2×LP|
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