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|Birth name||Madhavan Raveendran|
|Also known as||Raveendran Master, Kulathupuzha Ravi|
|Born||9 November 1943|
Kulathupuzha, Travancore, British India
|Origin||Kulathupuzha, Kollam, Kerala|
|Died||3 March 2005 (aged 61)|
Chennai, Tamil Nadu
|Genres||Carnatic music, Hindistani classical, Malayalam music, World music|
|Occupation(s)||Film composer, music director, BGM composer,singer|
Madhavan Raveendran (Malayalam: മാധവൻ രവീന്ദ്രൻ), (born Kulathupuzha, Kollam, 9 November 1943 – died Chennai, Tamil Nadu, 3 March 2005), fondly known as "Raveendran Master", was a popular South Indian music composer and playback singer from Kerala. He was referred to as the aristocratic music director of Malayalam who had a distinctive style of his own. He composed more than 150 films primarily for the Malayalam and Tamil film industries. He also composed a few albums, including Vasantha Geethangal, Ponnonatharangini and Rithugeethangal. Raveendran successfully composed melodies based on Hindustani Ragas also. He is also noted for his beautiful orchestration.
Raveendran was born on 9 November 1943 in Kulathupuzha, a small village in the present-day Kollam district, as the seventh child (of nine children) of (both late) Madhavan and Lakshmi. His early life was filled with poverty, and he tried hard to complete studies. After his school days, he went to Swathi Thirunal Music College in Thiruvananthapuram, where he met with K. J. Yesudas, thus starting a great friendship. Later, he went to Chennai (Then Madras) for fulfilling his wish to be a playback singer, and changed his name as 'Kulathupuzha Ravi'.
He began his career as a playback singer with the song "Parvanarajanithan" from a Malayalam film, Velliyazhcha. He then became a master and associated with many Malayalam composers. He also dubbed voices for films during this time.
The famous playback singer K. J. Yesudas, a former classmate, altered the course of Raveendran's life by persuading him to compose songs and thus he became a music director.
Director J. Sasikumar, commissioned Raveendran to compose the music for Choola (1979). The song "Tharake Mizhiyithalil Kannerumayi ...", sung by Yesudas, became a hit. Ever since, Raveendran led Malayalam film music with several hit songs.
Melody incorporated with the aspects of Carnatic music were the hallmark of his songs.He successfully composed melodies based on Hindustani ragas also. In 1981 he composed songs and back ground score for the movie Thenum Vayambum directed by Asok kumar. All songs including "Thenum vayambum" "Ottakkambi nadham" and "Manasoru kovil" became superhits. With the release of Thenum Vayambum (1981), Raveendran made his mark in the film field. In the same year he composed music and back ground score for the movie Chiriyo Chiri directed by Balachandramenon. The song "Ezhu swarangalum" from the movie "Chiriyo Chiri" is considered as a pathbreaking semi classical song in Malayalam. In 1982, for his close friend, director P. Venu he dubbed for actor Shankar in his film Aranjyanam and later composed music for his movie Thacholi Thankappan.
A few of Raveendran's best songs were in films like Thenum Vayambum, Chiriyo Chiri, Sukhamo Devi, Aattakalasam, Yuvajanotsavam, Amaram, His Highness Abdullah, Kamaladalam, Kizhakkunarum Pakshi, Champakulam Thachan, Dhanam, Aayirappara, Kalippattam, Ayal Kadha Ezhuthukayanu', Nandanam, Rajashilpi, Bharatham and Aaraam Thampuran. The songs "Pramadhavanam Veendum" from the movie His Highness Abdullah and "Harimuraleeravam" from Aaraam Thampuran were among the most adored songs of that time. He shared a close relationship with the actor Mohanlal.He also composed songs and back ground score for 8 Tamil films like Hemavin kadhalargal, Rasigan oru rasigai, Kanmaniye pesu, Dharma devathai, Pottu vacha neram, Lakshmi vandhachu, Thaye nee thunai and Malare kurinji malare.
Some of his light music albums and devotional albums, which were most popular in the 1980s and 1990s through All India Radio and audio cassettes were Tharanginiyude Ulsava Gaanangal(festival songs) (1983, 1985), Vasantha Geethangal (1984), Ponnona Tharangini (1992), Amme Saranam Devi Saranam (1994), Sarana Theertham (1997) and Uthradapoonilave (2001). Raveendran did orchestration for Deepam Makaradeepam(1980) composed by BichuThirumala.
He was married to Shobha and has three sons. His youngest son, Naveen Madhav, is a playback singer in Tamil, Telugu and Kannada film and twin sons Rajan Madhav, a film director, and Sajan Madhav, a music composer in Telugu, Malayalam and Tamil films. Yakshiyum njanum was the debut movie of Sajan Madhav as composer in Malayalam. Earlier he composed orchestration for the songs of Kalabham and also helped in orchestration of many songs composed by Raveendran.
Raveendran died at his home in Chennai following a cardiac arrest on 3 March 2005, aged only 61. He was suffering from throat cancer for a long time. His last works Vadakkumnadhan and Kalabham were released posthumously in 2006.
As a playback singer
He started his career as a playback singer for the 1969 movie Velliyazhcha for which the songs were composed by M. S. Baburaj. His first song was titled "Parvana rajanithan". For a decade, he struggled to get songs and even become a dubbing artist for films. He dubbed for actor Shankar in the movie Aranjaanam directed by P. Venu. As a music director, he sang some of his songs.
- 1990 – Filmfare Award for Best Music Director – Malayalam – His Highness Abdullah
- 1991 – Filmfare Award for Best Music Director – Malayalam – Bharatham
- 1995 – Filmfare Award for Best Music Director – Malayalam – Mazhayethum Munpe
- 2006 – Filmfare Award for Best Music Director – Malayalam – Vadakkumnadhan
- 2006 – Best Music Director -Vadakkumnadhan
- M D Manoj Raveendra Sangeetham, Olive Publishers May 2010
- Sobha (Raveend's wife) Raveendra sangeetham Kelkatha ragangal, 2011
- "Filmfare for Raveendran mentioned in 39th National Film Awards catalogue" (PDF). Directorate of Film Festivals. Retrieved 11 August 2014.
- Raveendran Website
- "Music director Ravindran dead", The Hindu
- "Malayalam music director Ravindran dies", The Times of India
- "Obituary – Raveendran", Sify
- "Life and times of a music director", The Hindu
- "രവീന്ദ്രസംഗീതമില്ലാത്ത എട്ടാണ്ടുകള്", Paadheyam
- Vanitha ( 15–29 February 2008) Interview with the Raveendran family