Raven Penny

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to navigation Jump to search
Raven Penny

The Raven Penny is a coin of the Viking Olaf Guthfrithson who was the king of Dublin between 934–941.


Anlaf Guthfrithson was a member of the Norse-Gael Uí Ímair dynasty and King of Dublin from 934 to 941. He succeeded his father, Gofraid ua Ímair, who was also briefly king of York in 927 following the death of his kinsman Sitric Cáech, but was expelled in the same year by king Æthelstan of England.

During the short reign of Anlaf Guthfrithsson the Raven Penny was minted by Aethelferd between 939-941. The inscription on the Raven Penny mentions among other things “King Anlaf”.

Legend and Images[edit]


A raven with wings displayed and the encircled legend: +ANLAF CVNVNC. The legend means “King Anlaf”.


A small cross pattée and the encircled legend: +EDELFERD MINETRE. The legend means “Moneyer Aethelferd”.


The legend CVNVNC on the obverse is the word Konungr in Old Norse written in the Latin alphabet minus the letter r. CVNVNC is most likely a transliteration from Younger Futhark into 10th century Latin:[1]



This inscription is the earliest known surviving texts in Old Norse in the Latin alphabet. The use of Old Norse language instead of Latin coupled with the raven image, associated with the Norse god Odin, is a strong indication that the Vikings were declaring their independence in Ireland.[2]

See also[edit]