Ravne na Koroškem
|Ravne na Koroškem
Guštanj (until 1952)
Ravne na Koroškem
|Municipality||Ravne na Koroškem|
|• Land||2.1 km2 (0.8 sq mi)|
|Elevation||410 m (1,350 ft)|
|• Density||3,355/km2 (8,690/sq mi)|
Ravne na Koroškem (pronounced [ˈɾaːu̯nɛ na kɔˈɾoːʃkɛm]; until 1952: Guštanj, German: Gutenstein in Kärnten) is a town in northern Slovenia. It is the largest town and traditional capital of Slovenia's Carinthia region. The town has a long tradition in steel industry.
The name Ravne na Koroškem literally means 'Ravne in Carinthia'. The word ravne means 'flat terrain' in Slovene, and is a common place name in the Slovene-inhabited territories. The name of the settlement was changed from Guštanj (from German Gutenstein) to Ravne na Koroškem in 1952 on the basis of the 1948 Law on Names of Settlements and Designations of Squares, Streets, and Buildings as part of efforts by Slovenia's postwar communist government to remove German elements from toponyms.
The parish church in the settlement is dedicated to Saint Giles and belongs to the Roman Catholic Archdiocese of Maribor. It is first mentioned in written documents dating to 1331. It was re-vaulted in the 17th century.
One of Nostradamus's quatrains that is localized to southeast Europe has the following couplet:
"Cry sera grand par toute Escalvonie
Lors naistra monstre pres & dedans Ravenne"
- which translates to
A cry will be great across Esclavonia
when will be born the monster in and near Ravenne
Mario Reading translates the third line as "throughout enslaved-Slovenia," finding no other meaning and stipulates that the town will be either the conception or birthplace of the third and last Antichrist. He interprets the first lines as indicating "bad luck will come to those countries abutting the place"—Baleni Romini and Dalmatia are the specific afflicted places mentioned—and ascribes the index date 2032 based on the original manuscript number 32. Mostly as a result of line three (the first line above) this place, the author considers Ravne na Koroškem the most likely of the three places named Ravenne in Europe that unwittingly hosts the creation of this globally inhumane person.
- "Ravne na Koroškem". Place Names. Statistical Office of the Republic of Slovenia. Retrieved 11 August 2012.
- Spremembe naselij 1948–95. 1996. Database. Ljubljana: Geografski inštitut ZRC SAZU, DZS.
- Urbanc, Mimi & Matej Gabrovec. 2005. Krajevna imena: poligon za dokazovanje moči in odraz lokalne identitete. Geografski vestnik 77(2): 25–43.
- Ravne na Koroškem municipal site
- Slovenian Ministry of Culture register of national heritage reference number 3305
- The Complete Prophesies of Nostradamus Mario Reading, 2009 (Watkins Publishing, London)
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