Raw veganism is a diet that combines the concepts of veganism and raw foodism. It excludes all food and products of animal origin, any food that is processed or altered from its natural state, and food cooked at high temperatures. Raw veganism has rarely been practiced in history, but it has become more of a trend recently.
The world's first raw vegan restaurant called Raw Food Dining Room, at 640 S. Olive St. was opened in Los Angeles, California in 1918 by John and Vera Richter (no longer in existence). In 1925, Vera Richter published Mrs. Richter's Cook-Less Book, the first raw, almost vegan cookbook (references honey).
Robert Hart practiced raw veganism from forest gardening as a food production system based on woodland ecosystems incorporating fruit and nut trees, shrubs, herbs, vines, and perennial vegetables. Forest gardens are a resilient agroecosystem.
Vitamin B12: Sources and Bioavailability
As with vegans in general, raw vegans must ensure that their intake of vitamin B12 is adequate, as B12 is not generated in the body.
It's created from microorganisms (such as soil where it is rooted from). While early humans tended to receive doses from them, germ theory leads most modern people to wash and clean them away). B12 could be found in some vegan foods like spirulina. However, they contain a non-bioavailable version of Vitamin B12 and can even deplete's one's reserves. Most recently, a bioavailable version of B12 has been found in duckweed.
"A raw food vegan diet consists of unprocessed raw vegan foods that have not been heated above 115 F (46 C). Adherents of this diet, called "raw foodists", believe that foods cooked above this temperature have lost their enzymes and thus a significant amount of their nutritional value and are harmful to the body, whereas uncooked foods provide living enzymes and proper nutrition."
Raw vegan foods, due to not requiring cooking, could be eaten directly off the plant without using utensils or dishware. Due to the difficulties in digestibility and variety, some raw vegan foodists will utilize kitchen appliances to process one's food more easily:
- Chef Knife
- High-Speed Blender or Juicer: A blender would be for whole food smoothies, whereas a juicer would remove the fiber for easier nutrient uptake
- Food Processor
- Dehydrator: a raw vegan version of cooking that trades off high temperatures and quick cook times for lower temperatures, but longer times
- Spiralizer: since pasta typically requires cooking, spiralizers will turn vegetables into noodles. The most popular form is zoodles (or zucchini noodles)
- Sprouting Jars: seeds and nuts have anti-nutrients that break down when they're sprouted, making their nutrients easier to absorb.
- Ice Cream Maker: because food can't be cooked, the reverse (i.e. freezing) is still possible
The British Dietetic Association named the raw vegan diet one of the "top 5 worst celeb diets to avoid in 2018", raising a concern that it could compromise long-term health. In Raw Veganism: The Philosophy of the Human Diet, moral philosopher Carlo Alvaro denies that raw veganism per se could can cause long-term negative health issues. Rather it is the approach and the types of food, or pseudo-food,such as salt, alcohol, coffee, drugs, etc., that one consumes the real culprits of long-term health issues.
Food-borne outbreaks of bacterial, viral or parasitic infections, zoonotic or human, are caused by consumption of microorganism-contaminated raw herbs and spices, fruits, vegetables, or other plant foods.
Salmonella infect tomatoes from manure (both carries disease and increases antibiotic resistance) and water contamination, wild animals (even in greenhouses), and farm workers. Likewise, pathogen enter during growing (pesticide application and possibly pollination), preparation (like cutting and washing in warm water) and packaging: industrial equipment increases listeria on ready-to-serve desserts, like sorbet, and salmonella in boxes of chocolates). The US Food and Drug Administration recommends cooking when possible to kill microorganisms.
Adulteration is a concern for spices that are imported from locations with substandard regulations for hygienic food preparation. Cooking may not eliminate adulterants, but may reduce microorganisms.
- Kristina Carrillo-Bucaram – raw vegan media personality
- Fat, Sick and Nearly Dead
- Forks Over Knives
- Food faddism
- Juice fasting
- List of vegetarian restaurants
- List of diets
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The British Dietetic Association (BDA) today revealed its much-anticipated annual list of celebrity diets to avoid in 2018. The line-up this year includes Raw Vegan, Alkaline, Pioppi and Ketogenic diets as well as Katie Price's Nutritional Supplements.
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