Rawhide Mine

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Rawhide
Campbell County Wyoming Mines.png
Coal mines north and east of Gillette–Campbell County Airport, including the Rawhide Mine
Location
Rawhide Mine is located in Wyoming
Rawhide Mine
Rawhide Mine
Location in Wyoming
State Wyoming
Country United States
Coordinates 44°25′08″N 105°30′45″W / 44.41889°N 105.51250°W / 44.41889; -105.51250Coordinates: 44°25′08″N 105°30′45″W / 44.41889°N 105.51250°W / 44.41889; -105.51250
Production
Products Coal
History
Opened 1977
Owner
Company Peabody Energy
Website http://www.peabodyenergy.com
Year of acquisition 1994

The Rawhide Mine is a coal mine located 10 miles (16.1km) north of Gillette, Wyoming in the United States in the coal-rich Powder River Basin. The mine is an open pit mine that utilizes a combination of cast blast/dozer push and truck/shovel mining methods to strip an average of 165 feet (50.3m) of overburden off of approximately 105 (32.0m) feet of coal. Rawhide produces a low-sulfur, sub-bituminous coal from the Roland and Smith seams. This coal is used for domestic energy generation and shipped to customers via railroad. The mine is currently owned and operated by Peabody Energy.[1]

As of 2009, Rawhide had reserves of 388,000,000 tons (352,000,000 tonnes) of sub-bituminous coal and a maximum permitted production capacity of 24,000,000 tons per year. Typical annual production has been in 12–18 mm ton range for the last several years though. In 2010, the mine produced just over 11,225,000 million short tons of coal, making it the 13th-largest producer of coal in the United States.[2]

The average quality of the coal shipped from Rawhide is 8,300 BTU/lb, 0.37% sulfur, 5.40% ash, and 1.60% sodium (of the ash).

Train loading at the Rawhide mine is done in two passes. The first pass flood-loads the majority of the coal into the rail car while it is under the mine's silos, while a second pass tops off the car to its final target weight ± 250 lbs. Silo capacity at the mine's rail loop, which can accommodate up to three unit trains, is 78,000 tons.[3] The mine also has an intermediate coal silo that has an 18,000-ton capacity for 10"- run of mine coal.[1]

History[edit]

The Rawhide Mine shipped its first train of coal in 1977 after beginning pre-production work in 1974. Rawhide mine was previously owned by the Carter Mining Company, a subsidiary of Exxon, before being purchased by Peabody Energy on November 1, 1994. Peabody Energy runs the Rawhide Mine via its wholly owned subsidiary, the Caballo Coal Company

Production at the mine has been continuous since its opening except for an 18-month period beginning in late 1999, when the mine was idled due to market conditions. Mining operations resumed at Rawhide in 2001 with coal shipments resuming in 2002.[1]

In 1982, Rawhide mine was the recipient of the Sentinels of Safety Award from the Mine Safety and Health Administration, MSHA, in the large surface coal mine category.[4] The Sentinels of Safety is awarded annually by MSHA to the safest mine in each of several categories.

Approximately 30% of Rawhide Mine's production is sent to Monticello Steam Electric Station in Texas which is planned for closure in early-2018.[5][6]

Production[edit]

[7][8]

Year Coal production Employees
2011 15,011,017 223
2010 11,229,907 180
2009 15,842,274 227
2008 18,409,307 219
2007 17,155,361 234
2006 17,092,993 170
2005 12,430,351 131
2004 6,869,989 69
2003 3,632,940 32
2002 3,484,619 23
2001 0 8
2000 0 2
1999 807,892 19
1998 5,390,400 63
1997 10,705,680 157
1996 15,068,358 166
1995 15,355,000 166
1994 12,858,787 176
1993 9,863,923 181
1992 8,629,624 192
1991 11,767,143 192
1990 11,438,719 177
1989 10,628,737 173
1988 10,810,785 167
1987 10,672,913 174
1986 12,403,975 180
1985 12,236,695 182
1984 9,351,952 204
1983 8,614,552 225
1982 * *
1981 * *
1980 * *
1979 * *
1978 * *
1977 * *

*No published, public data was found on the internet for these production periods.

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c "Rawhide Mine". Peabody Energy website. Peabody Energy. Retrieved 2012-08-24. 
  2. ^ "Coal-Production-Historical Coal Production by Mine Type - 2010". Energy Information Administration of the Department of Energy. Retrieved 2012-08-24. 
  3. ^ "Mine Guide" (PDF). BNSF website. BNSF. Retrieved 2010-07-03. 
  4. ^ "Drilling and Blasting in Thick Seam Coal Mines in the Powder River Basin" (PDF). International Society for Explosives Engineer. 1984. Retrieved 2010-07-03. 
  5. ^ "How Texas Coal Plant Closure Affects Peabody Energy". 24/7 Wall St. MarketWatch. October 13, 2017. Retrieved November 3, 2017. 
  6. ^ Osborne, James (October 6, 2017). "Vistra closing mega coal plant in East Texas". Houston Chronicle. Retrieved October 6, 2017. 
  7. ^ "Rawhide Data". Wyoming Mining Association. May 4, 2010. Retrieved 2010-07-03. 
  8. ^ "MSHA Mine ID 4800993". Retrieved 2012-08-24.