Town Hall in Rawicz
|• Mayor||Grzegorz Kubik|
|• Total||7.81 km2 (3.02 sq mi)|
|• Density||2,700/km2 (7,100/sq mi)|
|Time zone||CET (UTC+1)|
|• Summer (DST)||CEST (UTC+2)|
|Area code(s)||+48 65|
Rawicz [ˈravʲit͡ʂ] (German: Rawitsch) is a town in central Poland with 21,398 inhabitants (2004). It is situated in the Greater Poland Voivodeship (since 1999); previously it was in Leszno Voivodeship (1975–1998). It is the capital of Rawicz County.
The town was founded by Adam Olbracht Przyjma-Przyjemski for Protestant refugees from Silesia during the Thirty Years War. From the partition of Poland in 1793 to the Great War of 1914-1918, with a brief interruption in 1815, when Napoleon made it part of the Grand Duchy of Warsaw, Rawicz was part of the German kingdom of Prussia. In the 1800s, it contained a Protestant church and a medieval town hall. The principal industry was the manufacture of snuff and cigars. Trade involved grain, wool, cattle, hides, and timber. In 1905 it had 11,403 inhabitants. A large prison exists in former monastery since 1820. After World War I the town became part of the Second Polish Republic.
A 50 billion cubic feet natural gas discovery at Rawicz in 2015 is expected to be the largest gas development in Poland for 20 years.
- Heinrich Braun (1862–1934), surgeon
- Maximilian Otte (1910–1944), Luftwaffe pilot
- Arthur Ruppin (1876–1943), Zionist
- Reinhard Seiler (1909–1989), Luftwaffe officer
- Piotr Świderski (born 1983), speedway rider
- Anita Włodarczyk (born 1985), hammer thrower
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