Rawlins County, Kansas
|Rawlins County, Kansas|
Rawlins County Courthouse in Atwood
Location in the U.S. state of Kansas
Kansas's location in the U.S.
|Founded||March 20, 1873|
|Named for||John Aaron Rawlins|
|• Total||1,070 sq mi (2,771 km2)|
|• Land||1,069 sq mi (2,769 km2)|
|• Water||0.2 sq mi (1 km2), 0.01%|
|• Density||2.4/sq mi (1/km²)|
|Time zone||Central: UTC-6/-5|
Rawlins County (standard abbreviation: RA) is a county located in the U.S. state of Kansas. As of the 2010 census, the county population was 2,519. The largest city and county seat is Atwood. It was named after Union Civil War General John Aaron Rawlins.
For many millennia, the Great Plains of North America was inhabited by nomadic Native Americans. From the 16th century to 18th century, the Kingdom of France claimed ownership of large parts of North America. In 1762, after the French and Indian War, France secretly ceded New France to Spain, per the Treaty of Fontainebleau.
In 1802, Spain returned most of the land to France, but keeping title to about 7,500 square miles. In 1803, most of the land for modern day Kansas was acquired by the United States from France as part of the 828,000 square mile Louisiana Purchase for 2.83 cents per acre.
- Hitchcock County, Nebraska (north)
- Red Willow County, Nebraska (northeast)
- Decatur County (east)
- Thomas County (south)
- Sherman County (southwest)
- Cheyenne County (west)
- Dundy County, Nebraska (northwest)
|U.S. Decennial Census
As of the census of 2000, there were 2,966 people, 1,269 households, and 846 families residing in the county. The population density was 3 people per square mile (1/km²). There were 1,565 housing units at an average density of 2 per square mile (1/km²). The racial makeup of the county was 98.52% White, 0.30% Black or African American, 0.30% Native American, 0.10% Asian, 0.07% from other races, and 0.71% from two or more races. 0.81% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race.
There were 1,269 households out of which 27.50% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 59.50% were married couples living together, 4.90% had a female householder with no husband present, and 33.30% were non-families. 31.40% of all households were made up of individuals and 17.60% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.29 and the average family size was 2.88.
In the county the population was spread out with 24.00% under the age of 18, 3.80% from 18 to 24, 21.50% from 25 to 44, 25.10% from 45 to 64, and 25.60% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 45 years. For every 100 females there were 99.90 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 95.10 males.
The median income for a household in the county was $32,105, and the median income for a family was $40,074. Males had a median income of $26,719 versus $19,750 for females. The per capita income for the county was $17,161. About 7.90% of families and 12.50% of the population were below the poverty line, including 18.00% of those under age 18 and 8.90% of those age 65 or over.
Law and government
Following amendment to the Kansas Constitution in 1986, the county remained a prohibition, or "dry", county until 2002, when voters approved the sale of alcoholic liquor by the individual drink with a 30% food sales requirement.
The county is part of the highly Republican Kansas's 1st congressional district. It has favored the Republican candidate for President in each of the last eighteen elections. The last Democrat to carry the county was Franklin D. Roosevelt in 1936, when the GOP standard bearer was Kansas Governor Alf Landon. In the last five Presidential elections the Democratic candidate has never received more than 21% of the county's vote.
Unified school districts
Rawlins County is divided into ten townships. None of the cities within the county are considered governmentally independent, and all figures for the townships include those of the cities. In the following table, the population center is the largest city (or cities) included in that township's population total, if it is of a significant size.
/km² (/sq mi)
km² (sq mi)
km² (sq mi)
|Water %||Geographic coordinates|
|Achilles||00175||83||1 (2)||132 (51)||0 (0)||0.02%|
|Atwood||03175||1,330||74 (192)||18 (7)||0 (0)||0.88%|
|Center||12037||363||1 (1)||690 (266)||0 (0)||0%|
|Driftwood||18675||84||0 (1)||185 (72)||0 (0)||0%|
|Herl||31462||386||1 (2)||491 (190)||0 (0)||0%|
|Jefferson||35300||34||0 (1)||124 (48)||0 (0)||0.04%|
|Ludell||43200||136||1 (4)||92 (35)||0 (0)||0.01%|
|Mirage||47175||43||0 (1)||185 (71)||0 (0)||0%|
|Rocewood||60362||448||1 (2)||742 (287)||0 (0)||0%|
|Union||72275||59||1 (1)||111 (43)||0 (0)||0%|
- "State & County QuickFacts". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved July 28, 2014.
- "Find a County". National Association of Counties. Retrieved 2011-06-07.
- "US Gazetteer files: 2010, 2000, and 1990". United States Census Bureau. 2011-02-12. Retrieved 2011-04-23.
- "County Totals Dataset: Population, Population Change and Estimated Components of Population Change: April 1, 2010 to July 1, 2015". Retrieved July 2, 2016.
- "U.S. Decennial Census". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved July 28, 2014.
- "Historical Census Browser". University of Virginia Library. Retrieved July 28, 2014.
- "Population of Counties by Decennial Census: 1900 to 1990". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved July 28, 2014.
- "Census 2000 PHC-T-4. Ranking Tables for Counties: 1990 and 2000" (PDF). United States Census Bureau. Retrieved July 28, 2014.
- "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2008-01-31.
- "Map of Wet and Dry Counties". Alcoholic Beverage Control, Kansas Department of Revenue. November 2006. Retrieved 2007-12-26.
- Geographie Electorale
- The New York Times electoral map (Zoom in on Kansas)
- History of the State of Kansas; William G. Cutler; A.T. Andreas Publisher; 1883. (Online HTML eBook)
- Kansas : A Cyclopedia of State History, Embracing Events, Institutions, Industries, Counties, Cities, Towns, Prominent Persons, Etc; 3 Volumes; Frank W. Blackmar; Standard Publishing Co; 944 / 955 / 824 pages; 1912. (Volume1 - Download 54MB PDF eBook),(Volume2 - Download 53MB PDF eBook), (Volume3 - Download 33MB PDF eBook)
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Rawlins County, Kansas.|
- Rawlins County - Official Website
- Rawlins County - Directory of Public Officials
- Rawlins County - Community Development
- Rawlins County Square Deal News, newspaper
- Rawlins County Maps: Current, Historic, KDOT
- Kansas Highway Maps: Current, Historic, KDOT
- Kansas Railroad Maps: Current, 1996, 1915, KDOT and Kansas Historical Society
||Dundy County, Nebraska||Hitchcock County, Nebraska||Red Willow County, Nebraska|
|Cheyenne County||Decatur County|
|Sherman County||Thomas County|