Ray "Crash" Corrigan
|Ray "Crash" Corrigan|
Theatrical release poster
(Corrigan in center)
February 14, 1902
Milwaukee, Wisconsin, U.S.
|Died||August 10, 1976
Brookings, Oregon, U.S.
|Cause of death||Heart attack|
|Resting place||Inglewood Park Cemetery, California|
|Other names||Raymond Benard
Rita Jane Smeal (?-1954)
Ray "Crash" Corrigan (February 14, 1902 – August 10, 1976), born Raymond Benard (or Raymond Benitz, according to some sources), was an American actor most famous for appearing in many B-Western films. He also was a stuntman and frequently acted as silver screen gorillas in gorilla costumes that he owned, both at the beginning and end of his film career.
In 1937 Corrigan purchased land in the Santa Susana Mountains foothills in Simi Valley and developed it into a movie ranch called "Corriganville". The movie ranch was used for location filming in film serials, feature films, and television shows, as well as for the performance of live western shows for tourists. Bob Hope later bought the ranch in 1966 and renamed it "Hopetown". It is now a Regional Park and nature preserve.
Corrigan's Hollywood career began as a physical fitness instructor and physical culture trainer to the stars. In the early 1930s he did stunts and bit parts in several films, billed as Ray Benard. Many of his early roles were in ape costumes, for example, as a gorilla in Tarzan and His Mate (1934) and an "orangopoid" in the first Flash Gordon serial. In 1936 Corrigan got his screen breakthrough with starring roles in two Republic serials, The Vigilantes Are Coming and in The Undersea Kingdom, which evoked memories of Universal's first "Flash Gordon" serial. His character in "The Undersea Kingdom" was known as Ray "Crash" Corrigan, and he adopted it as his screen name.
On the basis of this, Republic signed him to their standard Term Player Contract, running from May 25, 1936 to May 24, 1938. He was cast as one of the trio in the Three Mesquiteers series of westerns, starring in 24 of the 51 "3M" films made by the studio. He later left Republic in 1938 over a pay dispute.
Over at Monogram Pictures, Corrigan began a new series of feature westerns, The Range Busters, cheap knock-offs of The Three Mesquiteers, with a series character that used his name; between 1940 and 1943, he starred in 20 of the 24 films in this series.
Following this, his on-screen work largely returned to appearing in ape costumes, such as the roles in Captive Wild Woman (1943), Nabonga (1944), White Pongo (1945) and as a prehistoric sloth in Unknown Island (1948). The original gorilla "mask" seen in films like The Ape (1940) was replaced with a subtler design with a more mobile jaw. Corrigan later sold his gorilla suits in 1948 and provided training in using them to their new owner, Steve Calvert, a Ciro's bartender. Calvert stepped into Corrigan's paw prints starting with a Jungle Jim film. Despite reports to the contrary, Calvert and Corrigan never appeared together on-screen in an ape costume. Since both Corrigan and Calvert eschewed screen credit playing gorillas, their film credits are often confused; any appearance of the "Corrigan suit" after 1948 is by Calvert.
Corrigan's final theatrical film was playing the title role in the science fiction film It! The Terror from Beyond Space, according to bio information given to visitors at the Thousand Oaks, California, Corrigan Steak House and Bar that he once owned.
In 1937 Corrigan was on a hunting trip with Clark Gable when he had an idea to purchase land in Simi Valley, California and use it as a Western ranch similar to Iverson Movie Ranch. He paid a $1,000 down payment, then a thousand dollars a month until the $11,354 price was paid. He developed this into Corriganville, a location used for many Western movies and TV shows. The location featured many different types of terrain for producers such as lakes, mountains, and caves. As opposed to merely set fronts, Corriganville contained actual buildings where film crews could live and store their equipment to save the time and expense of daily travel from studios to an outdoor location.
Corrigan profited well from renting this location to film studios and from paying visitors. In 1949, Corrigan opened his ranch to the public on weekends for Western-themed entertainment. The weekend attractions included stuntmen shows throughout the day, a Cavalry fort set, an outlaw shack, a full western town with saloon, jail and hotel, live western music, Indian crafts, stagecoach rides, pony rides, and boating on the ranch's artificial lake. It was common for movie and TV personalities to appear in person for photos and autographs, attracting as many as 20,000 people on those weekends.
Examples of feature films and TV shows that were filmed at Corriganville:
- Drums of Fu Manchu (1939)
- Fort Apache (1948)
- The Lone Ranger (1949–1957)
- The Cisco Kid (1950–1956)
- The Adventures of Kit Carson (1951–1955)
- The Adventures of Rin Tin Tin (1954–1959)
- Have Gun - Will Travel (1957–1963)
- Casey Jones (1957)
Hollywood cowboy stars who filmed there include: Gene Autry, Roy Rogers, Buster Crabbe, John Wayne, Smiley Burnette, Clayton Moore, Jay Silverheels, Charles Starrett, Ken Maynard, Hoot Gibson, Bob Steele and Tex Ritter.
Corriganville was eventually sold to Bob Hope in 1966, when it became Hopetown. Today, what remains is known as Corriganville Park and features some of the old landmarks. Signs along a hiking trail point out the historic features.
The origin of the "Crash" nickname is from his football-playing days. This was verified by Corrigan himself when he was a contestant on the June 11, 1959 episode of You Bet Your Life starring Groucho Marx. When asked how he got the name "Crash", Corrigan told Groucho, "When I would go to tackle somebody or instead of fighting them with my fists, I would just take off and dive at them head first and that's how I acquired the name 'Crash'."
His first starring role using the name professionally was in the Republic Pictures' serial The Undersea Kingdom, in which his screen character was also named "Crash Corrigan." The serial was created to capitalize on the popularity of Universal Pictures' Flash Gordon serials and the nickname may have been appropriated by Republic's publicity department to create a similarly named hero.
After his August 10, 1976 death at age 74 from a heart attack in Brookings Harbor, Oregon, Ray "Crash" Corrigan was interred at Inglewood Park Cemetery, Inglewood, California. Nearly four decades later, his grave still remains unmarked.
- Tarzan the Ape Man - Ape/Stuntman (uncredited) (1932)
- Romance in the Rain (1934)
- Murder in the Private Car (1934)
- Tarzan and His Mate - Gorilla/Stuntman (uncredited) (1934)
- Tomorrow's Children (1934)
- The Singing Vagabond (1935)
- Mutiny on the Bounty - Able Bodied Seaman (uncredited) (1935)
- Dante's Inferno (1935)
- She (1935)
- Night Life of the Gods (1935)
- The Phantom Empire (1935)
- Tomorrow's Youth (1935)
- Country Gentlemen (1936)
- The Three Mesquiteers - Tucson Smith (1936)
- Roarin' Lead - Tucson Smith (1936)
- Ghost-Town Gold - Tucson Smith (1936)
- The Vigilantes Are Coming - Captain John Charles Fremont, US Army Captain (1936)
- Kelly the Second (1936)
- Undersea Kingdom - Crash Corrigan (1936)
- Flash Gordon - Orangopoid/Stuntman (uncredited) (1936)
- The Leathernecks Have Landed (1936)
- Darkest Africa (1936)
- Wild Horse Rodeo - Tucson Smith (1937)
- The Trigger Trio - Tucson Smith (1937)
- Heart of the Rockies - Tucson Smith (1937)
- Range Defenders - Tucson Smith (1937)
- The Painted Stallion (1937)
- Come on, Cowboys - Tucson Smith (1937)
- Gunsmoke Ranch - Tucson Smith (1937)
- Hit the Saddle - Tucson Smith (1937)
- Round-Up Time in Texas (1937)
- Join the Marines (1937)
- Riders of the Whistling Skull - Tucson Smith (1937)
- Heroes of the Hills - Tucson Smith (1938)
- Three Missing Links - Naba, the Gorilla (1938)
- Riders of the Black Hills - Tucson Smith (1938)
- Outlaws of Sonora - Tucson Smith (1938)
- Call the Mesquiteers - Tucson Smith (1938)
- The Purple Vigilantes - Tucson Smith (1938)
- Pals of the Saddle - Tucson Smith (1938)
- Overland Stage Raiders - Tucson Smith (1938)
- Santa Fe Stampede - Tucson Smith (1938)
- Red River Range - Tucson Smith (1938)
- The Night Riders - Tucson Smith (1939)
- Three Texas Steers - Tucson Smith/Willie the Gorilla (1939)
- Wyoming Outlaw - Tucson Smith (1939)
- New Frontier - Tucson Smith (1939)
- West of Pinto Basin (1940)
- Trailing Double Trouble (1940)
- The Ape (1940)
- The Range Busters (1940)
- Underground Rustlers (1941)
- Tonto Basin Outlaws (1941)
- Saddle Mountain Roundup (1941)
- Fugitive Valley (1941)
- Wrangler's Roost (1941)
- Tumbledown Ranch in Arizona (1941)
- The Kid's Last Ride (1941)
- The Trail of the Silver Spurs (1941)
- Dr. Renault's Secret (1942)
- Arizona Stage Coach (1942)
- Texas Trouble Shooters (1942)
- Boot Hill Bandits (1942)
- The Strange Case of Doctor Rx - the gorilla (1942)
- Rock River Renegades (1942)
- Thunder River Feud (1942)
- She's for Me (1943)
- Bullets and Saddles (1943)
- Black Market Rustlers (1943)
- Captive Wild Woman (1943)
- Cowboy Commandos (1943)
- Land of Hunted Men (1943)
- The Monster Maker (1944)
- Nabonga (1944)
- White Pongo (1945)
- The White Gorilla (1945)
- The Monster and the Ape - Thor (uncredited) (1945)
- Renegade Girl (1946)
- Crime on Their Hands (1948)
- Unknown Island (1948)
- The Adventures of Sir Galahad - One-Eye (Innkeeper)/Stuntman (1949)
- Zamba (1949)
- Crash Corrigan's Ranch (1950)
- Trail of Robin Hood - Crash Corrigan (1950)
- The Great Adventures of Captain Kidd - Docklin (uncredited) (1953)
- Man with the Steel Whip (1954)
- Apache Ambush (1955)
- Domino Kid (1957)
- Zombies of Mora Tau (1957)
- It! The Terror from Beyond Space (1958)
- "Corriganville Park." LAMountains.com. Retrieved: June 23, 2013.
- "Ray Corrigan." IMDb. Retrieved: June 23, 2013.
- "New Series of Westerns Planned for Television." Long Beach Press-Telegram, October 8, 1950.
- Gilpatrick 2002, p. 202.
- Corrigan, Ray. "An Introduction to Corriganville." The Corriganville Gazette, Volume 1, Issue 3.
- Schneider 2007, p. 21.
- Anderson, Chuck. "Ray 'Crash' Corrigan." B-Westerns, October 1, 2009.
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