|Full name||Edwin Raymond Bowden|
|Date of birth||13 September 1909|
|Place of birth||Looe, England|
|Date of death||23 September 1998(aged 89)|
|Place of death||Plymouth, England|
|Playing position||Inside forward|
|* Senior club appearances and goals counted for the domestic league only|
Edwin Raymond Bowden (13 September 1909 – 23 September 1998) was an English footballer who played as an inside forward. He scored 130 goals from 316 appearances in the Football League, playing for Plymouth Argyle, Arsenal and Newcastle United.[a] He was capped six times and scored once for England.
Life and career
Bowden was born in Looe, Cornwall, and worked as a solicitor's clerk after he left school. He began his football career with the local non-league club, Looe F.C., for whom he scored more than 100 goals in a single season, including 10 in one match. He was spotted by Plymouth Argyle, signed amateur forms with them in 1926, and turned professional the following year. Still only 17 years old and of apparently frail physique, Bowden made his senior debut in March 1927. After two appearances the following season produced four goals, he took over the centre-forward position at the start of the 1928–29 season and went on to score 20 goals from 29 Third Division South matches. In 1929–30, his 18 goals from 28 league matches helped Argyle gain promotion to the Second Division as champions. In 1931, he was a member of the Football Association touring party that made a 17-match visit to Canada. On his return, he top-scored for Argyle for the second time – the first was in 1928–29 – and by the time he left the club, he had taken his totals to 82 goals from 145 league matches.
Bowden signed for Herbert Chapman's Arsenal in March 1933 for £4,500, as the intended replacement for David Jack. He scored in the first two of the seven First Division matches he played in what remained of that season – not enough for a league-winners' medal – but was a regular for the next two campaigns, as Arsenal won two more titles on the trot. Playing mainly as an inside forward, behind Ted Drake, he still scored his fair share despite his slight build in what was at the time a very physical game. His goalscoring included a haul of 13 in 1933–34, which made him Arsenal's top scorer in the league, jointly with Cliff Bastin, and 14 in 1934–35, which included a hat-trick in a 8–1 defeat of Liverpool. Bowden won his first cap for England that season, against Wales on 29 September 1934. Two months later, he was one of seven Arsenal players who played in England's 3–2 win against 1934 World Cup-winners Italy in the so-called "Battle of Highbury", during which he injured an ankle. In all Bowden represented his country six times and scored once, against Wales in February 1936; he also played twice for the Football League XI.
Bowden and Arsenal won the FA Cup in 1935–36, but by then his ankle was causing him problems, limiting his appearances for the club that season and the next. By the start of the 1937–38 season he had seemingly bounced back, playing ten matches in the first two months of the campaign, but in a reshuffle of the side he was sold to Second Division Newcastle United in November 1937 for £5,000 as Arsenal went on to win the First Division title without him. In all he played 138 matches for the Gunners, scoring 48 goals.
Bowden was a regular for Newcastle United for the next two years; the club narrowly escaped relegation in his first season. When first-class football was suspended on the outbreak of the Second World War, the 30-year-old Bowden decided to retire. After the war, he returned to Plymouth where he ran a sports shop with his brother. He died in 1998, aged 89, by which time he was the last surviving player of the great interwar Arsenal side.
- Bowden played three matches and scored three goals – a hat-trick in an 8–1 defeat of Swansea Town – in the 1939–40 Football League season abandoned at the outbreak of the Second World War. Most statistical sources do not count matches from this season as part of a player's league record, although Joyce's Football League Players' Records does.
- Joyce, Michael (2004). Football League Players' Records 1888 to 1939. Nottingham: SoccerData. p. 31. ISBN 978-1-899468-67-6.
- "Season Details: 1939–40 – League Division 2 – Abandoned". Toon1892. Kenneth H Scott. Retrieved 28 January 2018.
- Ponting, Ivan (28 September 1998). "Obituary: Ray Bowden". The Independent. London. Retrieved 28 January 2018.
- "Ray Bowden". Greens on Screen. Retrieved 28 January 2018.
- "Ray Bowden". England Football Online. Chris Goodwin & Glen Isherwood. 26 September 2014. Retrieved 28 January 2018.
- "Season 1928–1929". Greens on Screen. Retrieved 28 January 2018.
- "Season 1929–1930". Greens on Screen. Retrieved 28 January 2018.
- Morrison, Neil (4 January 2018). "British "FA XI" tours: 1931". Rec.Sport.Soccer Statistics Foundation (RSSSF). Retrieved 28 January 2018.
- "Season 1931–1932". Greens on Screen. Retrieved 28 January 2018.
- "Ray Bowden". Arsenal F.C. Retrieved 28 January 2018.
- Attwood, Tony (28 October 2014). "Ray Bowden: the final member of the brilliant forward line of the 1930s". The History of Arsenal. AISA Arsenal History Society. Retrieved 28 January 2018.
- Kelly, Andy. "Arsenal first team line-ups". The Arsenal History. Retrieved 3 November 2017. Select season required.
- "From the Vault: England and Italy do battle at Highbury in 1934". The Guardian. London. 12 November 2008. Retrieved 28 January 2018.
- Harris, Jeff (1995). Hogg, Tony, ed. Arsenal Who's Who. London: Independent UK Sports. p. 59. ISBN 978-1-899429-03-5.
- "Player Details: Edwin Raymond "Ray" Bowden". Toon1892. Kenneth H Scott. Retrieved 29 January 2018.
- "Newcastle United". Football Club History Database. Richard Rundle. Retrieved 28 January 2018.