Ray C. Hunt

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Ray C. Hunt
Born(1919-12-11)December 11, 1919
St.Louis, Missouri
Died(1996-06-17)June 17, 1996
Jefferson Barracks National Cemetery
AllegianceUnited States
Service/branchUnited States Army Air Forces
RankStaff Sergeant
Commands held21st Pursuit Squadron
Battles/warsWorld War II
 • Battle of Bataan
 • Battle of Luzon
AwardsDistinguished Service Cross
Bronze Star

Ray C. Hunt (December 11, 1919 – June 17, 1996[1]) was a staff sergeant in the United States Army Air Corps stationed at Nichols Field in the Philippines at the beginning of World War II, under the command of Ed Dyess. After the surrender at Bataan, where he fought as an infantryman, he was forced to take the Bataan Death March with many other American and Filipinos.[2]:xii During the March, he escaped and fled into the hills. He eventually became a noted guerrilla leader on Luzon, where he served for three years behind Japanese lines. Hunt was promoted to captain by guerrilla leaders during that time.


Joining the 21st Pursuit Squadron at Hamilton Field, San Francisco, Dyess led the squadron to Nichols Field, Manila, Philippines, in November 1941.[3]:23 The war began for Hunt midday on 8 Dec. 1941, when the Japanese strafed Nichols Field.[2]:1 Finally retreating to Bataan, his unit fought in the Battle of Bataan, before surrendering and starting the Bataan Death March after the surrender on 9 April 1942.[2]:28 Hunt states, "I don't remember how many of those days I actually spent marching down the road accompanied by Japanese guards: seven or eight most likely, possibly ten", before he escaped on 21 April.[2]:28

Starved from his normal weight of 150-160 pounds down to 100, and suffering from malaria, beriberi and jaundice, Hunt spent the next five months recovering in the Fassoth Camps.[2]:33,40 These camps in the Zambales Mountains, were organized by the rice and sugar planter American William Fassoth, with his Filipina wife Catalina, and son Vernon, along with the Spanish-mestizo sugar planters Vincente and Arturo Bernia.[2]:37,40 Hunt escaped capture when the Japanese raided the camp on 26 Sept. 1942.[2]:44 Over a hundred Americans spent some time in the Fassoth Camps, before William surrendered in spring of 1943, spending the remainder of the war in the Cabanatuan Prison Camp.[2]:229,42 Following his second escape, Hunt was cared for by the Franco Filipino family in Tibuc-Tibuc, western Pampanga, before he headed north with an Igorot, Jose Balekow, his future bodyguard.[2]:49,57

Hunt recruited a small guerrilla force at San Jose, near Tarlac City, and then linked up with Robert Lapham's forces, becoming Capt. Albert C. Hendrickson's executive officer.[2]:65,85 Both had bounties: $50,000 for Al and $10,000 for Ray.[2]:90 Thorp's former girlfriend, Herminia (Minang) Dizon, then became Ray's after Thorp's capture.[2]:98 In the spring of 1944, Gregorio S. Agaton became Ray's bodyguard, just before Ray took command of Pangasinan that summer.[2]:117,129 He named Tom Chengay captain of his northern district, Antonio Garcia in the west, Emilio Hernandez in the central, Antonio Hernandez in the east, Severino M. Obana as second in command, Jimmy Galura as supply officer, and Juan Utleg as chief of intelligence.[2]:167 Hunt received a radio for communicating with Australia in July 1944, and regular supplies from submarines.[2]:161,171

On 4 January 1945, Hunt received orders to implement Operations Plan 12, which called for five days of attacks in preparation for the Luzon invasion, including an attack on the San Quentin Japanese garrison.[2]:183–187 Just during the five days before the American landings on Luzon, the guerrilla battalion under Hunt's command was credited with killing over 3,000 Japanese soldiers in numerous ambushes and raids.[2]:198,216 On 10 January, he made contact with General Walter Krueger, and on 22 January, received orders to proceed to 25th Division headquarters in Manoag, to meet Lapham for the first time.[2]:188,191–192


Hunt continued to serve with the regular U.S. Army after its return to the Philippines, assisting the U.S. Army's 32nd Division, in fighting the Japanese, while also coordinating guerrilla activities, along the Battle of Villa Verde Trail.[2]:205

Personally awarded the U.S. Distinguished Service Cross by General Douglas MacArthur on 13 June 1945,[2]:photo section Hunt also received the Bronze Star for staying with his troops when he could have returned to the US.[2]:221 The Army then made official his rank of captain, retroactive to 11 December 1943.[2]:photo section

He left the Philippines on 20 June 1945 to return to the United States.[2]:212 At that time, he was only 25 years old. He became a USAF fighter pilot, retiring as a lieutenant colonel.[2]:back dust jacket

See also[edit]


  1. ^ "Raymond C Hunt, JR". Retrieved 16 December 2017.
  2. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p q r s t u v w x Hunt, Ray C., and Norling, Bernard, 1986, Behind Japanese Lines: An American Guerrilla in the Philippines, The University Press of Kentucky, ISBN 0-8131-1604-X
  3. ^ Dyess, W.E., 1944, The Dyess Story, New York: G.P. Putnam's Sons