|No. 44, 1|
|Date of birth:||September 1, 1903|
|Place of birth:||Lamont, Washington, U.S.|
|Date of death:||July 19, 1994(aged 90)|
|Place of death:||Coeur d'Alene, Idaho, U.S.|
|High school:||Gonzaga (WA)|
|Career highlights and awards|
|Career NFL statistics|
|Stats at NFL.com|
|Coaching stats at pro-football-reference.com|
Raymond Paul Flaherty (September 1, 1903 – July 19, 1994) was an American football player and coach in the National Football League, and a member of the Pro Football Hall of Fame. He was part of three NFL Championship teams, one as a player and two as a head coach.
Born on a farm near Lamont in eastern Washington, Flaherty grew up in Spokane and was a multi-sport athlete at Gonzaga High School (now Gonzaga Prep) and Gonzaga University, where he played with Hust Stockton under head coach Gus Dorais. As a freshman, Flaherty attended Washington State College in Pullman, then transferred to Gonzaga before his sophomore year.
Flaherty began his professional football career in 1926 with the Los Angeles Wildcats of the American Football League, a team of western players based in Illinois. It played all its games on the road in its only season, which ended with a post-season barnstorming tour through the South against league rival New York Yankees. Flaherty then played in the National Football League (NFL) for eight seasons, first with the Yankees (1927–1928) with Red Grange, until the franchise folded near the end of the 1928 season. He joined the New York Giants, playing their final game in 1928 through the 1935 season, except for 1930, when he returned to Spokane as the head coach at his alma mater, Gonzaga.  He also coached the Bulldog basketball team for a season (1930–1931). At the end of the 1935 season, Flahery's jersey number 1 was 'taken out of circulation', thus making Flaherty the first professional athlete to have his number retired. 
Following his playing career, Flaherty was hired by George Preston Marshall, owner of the NFL's Boston Redskins, as head coach for the 1936 season. The team won the division title that year, then relocated to Washington, D.C. for the 1937 season, and picked up future hall of fame quarterback Sammy Baugh in the first round of the 1937 NFL draft. In seven seasons at the helm of the Redskins, Flaherty won four division titles (1936, 1937, 1940, 1942) and two NFL Championships (1937, 1942). Among his innovations on offense, Flaherty is credited with inventing the screen pass in 1937.
The Redskins held their 1940 training camp in Spokane at Gonzaga; the previous year's camp was also held in Spokane County, at Eastern Washington College in Cheney. In 1941 and 1942, the Redskins trained in California in San Diego at Brown Military Academy.
Flaherty served as an officer in the U.S. Navy during World War II, then returned to pro football in 1946 as a head coach in the new All-America Football Conference (AAFC). With the New York Yankees, he won division titles in each of his two full seasons at the helm, but lost to the Cleveland Browns in the title games. After a poor start in 1948, owner Dan Topping relieved Flaherty of his duties in mid-September. Several months later he was hired as head coach of the AAFC's Chicago Hornets, known as the Rockets in their three previous seasons. He was inducted into the Pro Football Hall of Fame in 1976 for his contributions as a coach.
After the end of the AAFC in 1949, Flaherty returned to the Spokane area to enter private business as a beverage distributor, and lived in nearby northern Idaho. During football season, he was a part-time columnist for the Spokane Daily Chronicle. A college friend of Bing Crosby, Flaherty participated in the singer's Spokane memorial service in 1977.
- Blanchette, John (July 20, 1994). "NFL legend Ray Flaherty dies". Spokesman-Review (Spokane, Washington). p. C1.
- Missildine, Harry (January 27, 1976). "Flaherty named to pro grid hall". Spokesman-Review (Spokane, Washington). p. 11.
- Blanchette, John (November 2, 1983). "Papa Bear met his match in Ray Flaherty". Spokesman-Review (Spokane, Washington). p. C1.
- Godes, Kerry (March 30, 1987). "Gonzaga Prep selects six for its new Hall of Fame". Spokane Chronicle (Washington). p. C5.
- "Ray Flaherty Gonzaga coach". Spokesman-Review (Spokane, Washington). May 4, 1980. p. 1, sports.
- Derrick, Merle (January 27, 1976). "Flaherty honored". Spokane Daily Chronicle (Washington). p. 17.
- "Irish casaba tossers hit winning stride; play Spokane Sparklers Saturday night". Spokane Daily Chronicle (Washington). January 7, 1931. p. 15.
- Berry, Allison (February 2, 2012). "Top 10 Things You Didn't Know About the New York Giants". Time Magazine. p. 7.
- "Flaherty to coach Boston Redskins". Spokane Daily Chronicle (Washington). Associated Press. December 24, 1935. p. 1.
- Blanchette, John (July 22, 1994). "Flaherty earned due respect". Spokesman-Review. p. C1.
- "Legends: Flaherty in 'same class'". Ellensburg Daily Record (Washington). UPI. September 4, 1980. p. 8.
- "Flaherty sends Redskins into first practice grind". Spokane Daily Chronicle (Washington). August 6, 1940. p. 11.
- "Pro grid squad begins practice". Spokesman-Review (Spokane, Washington). August 8, 1939. p. 11.
- "Redskins will train on Gonzaga field starting August 6". Spokane Daily Chronicle (Washington). July 24, 1940. p. 11.
- Johnson, Bob (January 19, 1959). "Woo Redskins". Spokane Daily Chronicle (Washington). p. 13.
- Johnson, Bob (January 28, 1972). "Two trips west". Spokane Daily Chronicle (Washington). p. 13.
- "Training camp history". Redskins RVA. Retrieved February 7, 2014.
- "Yankees "fire" Ray Flaherty as grid coach". Spokesman-Review (Spokane, Washington). Associated Press. September 18, 1948. p. 11.
- "Ray Flaherty named coach of Chicago Rockets". Pittsburgh Press. United Press. January 30, 1949. p. 24.
- "Ray Flaherty to get Chappuis and others". Spokane Daily Chronicle (Washington). United Press. February 1, 1949. p. 11.
- "Ray Flaherty gains Hall induction today". Spokesman-Review (Spokane, Washington). Associated Press. July 24, 1976. p. 13.
- Hewins, Jack (August 22, 1951). "Flaherty won't coach unless offer "too good to decline" appears". Spokesman-Review (Spokane, Washington). Associated Press. p. 13.
- "Flaherty to conduct football dope column". Spokane Daily Chronicle (Washington). September 3, 1954. p. 11.
- "Flaherty experts on football again". Spokane Daily Chronicle (Washington). September 5, 1958. p. 11.
- "Crosby service set". Spokane Daily Chronicle (Washington). October 17, 1977. p. 3.
- Smith, Jim (October 19, 1977). "Memorial rites held for city favorite, Bing Crosby". Spokesman-Review (Spokane, Washington). p. 7.
- Ray Flaherty at the Pro Football Hall of Fame
- Ray Flaherty at the College Football Data Warehouse
- Gonzaga University Athletics – Ray Flaherty
- Gonzaga University Digital Collections – Ray Flaherty
- Career statistics and player information from NFL.com • Pro-Football-Reference • Databasefootball.com
- Career statistics and player information from Baseball-Reference (Minors)
- Ray Flaherty at Find a Grave