|39th Premier of Tasmania|
17 February 1992 – 18 March 1996
|Governor||Sir Phillip Bennett|
Sir Guy Green
|Preceded by||Michael Field|
|Succeeded by||Tony Rundle|
|Member of the Tasmanian Parliament|
8 February 1986 – 9 August 2001
|Member of the Australian Parliament|
13 December 1975 – 26 October 1984
|Preceded by||Ron Davies|
|Succeeded by||Chris Miles|
Raymond John Groom
3 September 1944
Elsternwick, Victoria, Australia
|Political party||Liberal Party of Australia|
Gillian Groom (née Crisp) (m. 1967)
|Alma mater||University of Melbourne|
Raymond John Groom AO (born 3 September 1944) is an Australian lawyer and former sportsman and politician, representing the Liberal Party in the Federal Parliament 1975–84 and the Tasmanian Parliament 1986–2001. He was a Federal and state minister for a total of 13 years. He was Premier of Tasmania from 1992 to 1996 and also served as Deputy Premier and Attorney-General.
Australian rules football career
He initially played senior Australian rules football in Tasmania with the Cooee Football Club commencing at 16 years of age. He represented the North Western Football Union and Tasmania before joining the Victorian Football League (VFL) club Melbourne in 1963. He played 96 senior games with Melbourne at centre half forward, as a ruck rover and at centre half back. On Ron Barassi's retirement, Groom was invited by Melbourne coach Norm Smith to wear the club's prized Number 31 guernsey. He represented Victoria and won the Keith 'Bluey' Truscott Medal as Melbourne's Best and Fairest player in 1968. Groom later represented Tasmania at the 1969 National Carnival in Adelaide.
|Totals||Averages (per game)|
He won state titles in both Tasmania and Victoria as a sprinter and long jumper. In 1962, at 18 years of age, he represented Tasmania at the National Athletics Championships in Sydney, was a nationally ranked athlete and was chosen as a member of the Australian Commonwealth Games selection squad.
Early legal career
After obtaining a Bachelor of Laws from the University of Melbourne in 1967 he practised as a barrister and solicitor in Melbourne and later in Tasmania. He was a partner in the Tasmanian firm of Crisp, Hudson & Mann and appeared regularly in the Supreme Court of Tasmania on trial and appeal matters and the Magistrates Courts.
Groom first stood for the House of Representatives seat of Braddon in 1974 at the age of 30 but was unsuccessful. In 1975 he ran for Braddon again and won, and held it until 1984. His 1975 election result was significant in that as a Liberal candidate he outpolled a Labor opponent on the West Coast of Tasmania, the first time this had ever occurred. In the 1974 and 1983 Australian federal elections, he achieved the largest swing of any Liberal candidate in the nation. Between the election of 1974 and his last election in 1983, the Liberal two-party vote in Braddon increased from 38% to 63%.
He served in the second Fraser Ministry as Minister for Environment, Housing and Community Development from December 1977 to December 1978 and then Minister for Housing and Construction until November 1980.
He retired from the Australian Parliament immediately prior to the 1984 election.
In 1986 he re-entered politics as a member for Denison in the Tasmanian House of Assembly, topping the poll in that electorate. He immediately became the Minister for Forests, Mines and Sea Fisheries. In November 1988, he became deputy leader of the state Liberal Party and hence Deputy Premier of Tasmania. He became deputy opposition leader after the Liberals' defeat in 1989. In 1991, he successfully challenged Gray's leadership and became Tasmanian state leader of the Liberal Party
After the 1996 election, the Liberals suffered a three-seat swing, losing their majority. The balance of power rested with the Australian Greens, but the Labor Party refused to enter into any agreement with them. This left a Liberal minority government supported by the Greens as the only realistic option. However, Groom had promised before the election that he would only govern in majority and resigned. He was replaced by Tony Rundle, who quickly reached an agreement with the Greens. He remained in Parliament until 2001, serving as Attorney-General, Minister for Tourism and Minister for Workplace Standards until the 1998 election, when the Rundle Government was defeated.
Life after politics
Groom is actively involved in community affairs and has been a chairman/director of several community organisations since retiring from politics. He is currently Chairman of Southern Cross Care Tasmania and Southern Cross Care Australia.
Since retiring from parliament, he has practised as a barrister and solicitor and as an arbitrator and mediator. He was appointed a Deputy President of the Australian Administrative Appeals Tribunal in 2004 and continues in that position. He is currently a member of the Tribunal's Executive Deputy Presidents Committee and the Practice and Procedure Committee.
In the 2010 Australia Day Honours, he was appointed an Officer (AO) of the Order of Australia "For service to the Parliament of Tasmania as Premier and through a range of portfolio responsibilities, and to the community through leadership roles within organisations supporting Indigenous, aged and welfare groups".
- "Ray Groom". AFL Tables.
- Pink. Kerry (2001) Through Hells Gates: A History of Strahan and Macquarie Harbour Fifth edition ISBN 0646366653, p.84 for photo and p.85 text re poll results
- Pink. Kerry (2001) Through Hells Gates: A History of Strahan and Macquarie Harbour Fifth edition ISBN 0646366653. epilogue – p.89 and the washup after the Franklin Dam issues had effected state politics
- Administrative Appeals Tribunal Annual Report 2009-10, Appendix 1
- It's an Honour
- Demonwiki profile
- Parliamentary Library profile
- Ray Groom's maiden speech to parliament at the Wayback Machine (archived 5 March 2001)
|Parliament of Australia|
| Member for Braddon
| Minister for Environment, Housing
and Community Development
| Minister for Housing and Construction
|Parliament of Tasmania|
| Deputy Premier of Tasmania
| Opposition Leader of Tasmania
| Premier of Tasmania