Ray Hill (activist)
|Born||1940 (age 77–78)|
|Education||Galena Park High School|
|Occupation||Gay rights activist, prison reform activist, actor, and radio host|
Ray Hill (born 1940) is an activist from Houston, Texas. He has been an activist for LGBT issues, police and law enforcement issues, and prison issues. He is also the subject of multiple documentary films, and an ex-convict.
Ray Hill was born in 1940 at Baptist Memorial Hospital in downtown Houston when the family was living in Houston Heights. Hill had two sisters. Both of Hill's parents were labor organizers, his father with AFL/CIO and his mother with Teamsters, which Hill says is what started his fervent interest in civil rights. Hill was a teenage Baptist evangelist from age 13 to 17.
Hill attended Galena Park High School in Houston, where he played football. Hill came out to his family in 1958 while he was still in high school. His mother told him that she was "relieved" that he was gay, because she and her father had thought that possibly he was a Republican. From age 18 Hill was involved in activism, and for a while served as the secretary for the NAACP chapter in Houston.
Hill was sentenced to 160 years in prison for burglary in 1971, but on appeal his sentence was shortened to eight years. Hill was imprisoned in the Ramsey Unit, where he worked as a maintenance bookkeeper. Hill was released from prison in 1975 for good behavior.
In 1975 Hill just out of prison began working for a Houston radio station KPFT-FM which he co-founded in 1968, where he hosted a show about gay issues. Sometimes the show would get calls from homophobic listeners who threatened to murder Hill, and Hill would flippantly give the threatening callers directions to the radio station studio.
Anita Bryant's 1977 visit to Houston was the catalyst to starting a fervent gay rights movement in Houston. Twelve thousand gay and allied Houstonians came to a protest organized by Hill and the Gay and Lesbian Political Caucus at Bryant's concert of June 14 for the Texas Bar Association in downtown Houston.
In 1978 Hill organized what is called Town Hall Meeting I, a large meeting of around 4,000 LGBT people held in the Astro Arena. This meeting served as the precursor to many Houston area LGBT organizations, including the Montrose Center and the Gay and Lesbian Switchboard of Houston.
Hill also helped organize the 1979 National March on Washington for Lesbian and Gay Rights along with other leading LGBT activists, including Harvey Milk.
In 1991 Paul Broussard, a 27-year-old gay Houstonian, was murdered by a group of men on the street. Hill insisted that the murder was a hate crime or "gay bashing" and urged the media to pay attention. He also helped organize Queer Nation, a queer activist group, to protest the murder and the police's apathy. Hill was active in keeping the case in the public eye and called for the strong punishment of the perpetrators.
Hill was also involved with the Supreme Court case Lawrence v. Texas which is known for striking down sodomy laws in the United States. Hill helped the men involved with the case through getting their trial to the Supreme Court.
Hill has also been an activist for those living with HIV and AIDS, and serves on the Board of Directors for the FAIR Foundation. In 1979 Hill began helping the first people he knew with HIV/AIDS, although at the time the physicians did not know that they were living with HIV/AIDS, but believed that they had Kaposi's Sarcoma. It is now known that Kaposi's Sarcoma can be developed when one has HIV, although it was several years before AIDS was named, initially having been called GRID, standing for gay related autoimmune deficiency, which Hill and others fought against. Hill is credited as authoring the first safe-sex pamphlet in the United States to help stop the spread of HIV and AIDS, which was circulated by the group Citizens for Human Equality in 1982.
Prison and law enforcement activism
In 1980 Hill, while serving as general manager of the station, created The Prison Show which he hosted on KPFT-FM. The show combined prison news with people who had family or friends in prison calling in to the show so that they could talk to inmates who did not have access to phones but did have access to a radio. Hill has also married prisoners' loved ones "by proxy" on his show, totaling 12 proxy ceremonies by 2010. Hill retired from hosting the show in 2011, but came back for a few months in 2012 while the show searched for a new host.
In 1999 Hill read a letter from Jon Buice, one of the perpetrators of Paul Broussard's murder, on The Prison Show. Hill felt conflicted about his relationship with the Broussard murder, as he felt that he was the reason that the murder had been classified as a hate crime which in turn cause Buice's strict 45 year prison sentencing. Hill became friends with Buice because of this and began advocating for his release from prison. Hill worked with a Canadian journalist Alison Armstrong to create a documentary about Buice and the Broussard murder which was released in 2015. On November 16, 2015 Buice was granted parole, and on December 30, 2015 he was released, Hill being one of the individuals present to greet him as he left prison.
Hill has also spoken out against the police tactic of stings in which police officers go undercover as gay men and according to Hill try to "entrap" gay men into committing crimes. A particular incident in 2013 where seven men were arrested for indecent exposure and had their names and mugshots published spurred Hill to protest these stings and challenge the then mayor of Houston, Annise Parker, specifically because she is openly lesbian.
City of Houston v. Hill
Hill was the plaintiff of a 1987 Supreme Court case, City of Houston v. Hill. The case was argued March 23, 1987 and decided June 15, 1987. The case was about a Houston ordinance which made it illegal to interrupt a police officer who was performing his or her duty. The Supreme Court held that the ordinance violated citizens' First Amendment rights to freedom of speech. The Supreme Court in its ruling at one point labeled Hill a "citizen provocateur," a title filmmaker Jarrod Gullett latched onto for the creation and promotion of his documentary about Hill. Hill has won four federal cases against the city of Houston for similar police and First Amendment rights including removing ordinances that disallowed citizens from blocking sidewalks and forcing citizens to identify themselves to police officers.
Hill and his long-running The Prison Show on KPFT-FM radio station are the subjects of a 2005 documentary called Citizen Provocateur: Ray Hill's Texas Prison Show, created by Brian Huberman, a Rice University professor of film. The documentary follows Hill and his coworkers that are involved with the making of The Prison Show, and includes stories from Hill's life, especially his time in prison.
Hill is the subject of a documentary titled The Trouble with Ray by filmmaker Jarrod Gullett. The documentary started off as a short film 23 minute film after the filmmakers met Hill by chance at a party. When the film won awards from the Houston Film Commission, Reeling LGBT Film Festival in Chicago, Dallas Videofest, and London Raindance, the filmmakers pitched their film at the American Documentary Film Festival and received a grant to produce a full length film. The filmmakers also received over 50,000 dollars from an online Kickstarter campaign to produce the movie.
Hill is also a featured character in Alison Armstrong's documentary film The Guy with the Knife, which tells the story of Paul Broussard's murder and the later friendship formed between Hill and one of Broussard's murderers Jon Buice. The documentary was controversial, and Hill has received some vitriol for befriending and defending Buice. The documentary was released in 2015.
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- 1999 First Amendment Award from the Houston Trial Lawyers Foundation.
- 2001 Lifetime Achievement Award from the Unity Committee.
- 2001 Lifetime Achievement Award from the Stonewall Lawyers Association.
- 2005 Lifetime Achievement Award from ACLU of Texas.
- 2006 Trailblazer Award from SCALE (and HIV and AIDS organization).
- 2008 The John P. McGovern Award from University of Texas School of Public Health.
- 2010 Amicus Achievement Grant from the South Texas College of Law.
- 2014 Heritage Award from Houston Pride, Inc.
- 2014 FACE Awards: Gay Male Activist of the Year and Community Hero of the Year.
- 2015 Living Legend Award from the Democratic Party of Harris County.
- 2015 Community Visionary Award from the Montrose Center.
- 2017 Favorite Gay Male Hero (OutSmart Magazine Gayest and Greatest Awards)
- LGBT culture in Houston
- 1977 Houston Anita Bryant Protests
- Lawrence v. Texas
- Murder of Paul Broussard
- Annise Parker
- Montrose Center
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- Tappe, Renee. "An Interview with Ray Hill." The oH Project; Oral Histories of HIV/AIDS in Houston, Harris County, and Southern Texas. September 29, 2016. https://scholarship.rice.edu/bitstream/handle/1911/93722/wrc07911_transcript.pdf?sequence=1
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- "Thousands celebrate Pride Festival in Downtown". ABC13 Houston. June 24, 2017. Retrieved June 26, 2017.
- "Activist Ray Hill stirs up 'Trouble' at the Alley Theatre". Houston Chronicle. Retrieved June 22, 2017.
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- "Houston man whose case advanced gay rights dies". Houston Chronicle. Retrieved June 22, 2017.
- Eskridge, William N. (2008). Dishonorable Passions: Sodomy Laws in America, 1861–2003. Penguin. ISBN 9780670018628.
- Carpenter, Dale (2012). Flagrant Conduct: The Story of Lawrence V. Texas. W. W. Norton & Company. ISBN 9780393062083.
- "FAIR Foundation – Board of Directors". www.fairfoundation.org. Retrieved June 22, 2017.
- "The FAIR Foundation strongly rebukes President Obama for his World AIDS Day pledge of $50 million more for HIV/AIDS". PRWeb. Retrieved June 22, 2017.
- Heinrich, Holly (March 16, 2012). "Prison Radio Show is Inmates' Link to the Outside World". The Texas Tribune. Retrieved June 23, 2017.
- "Ray Hill celebrates 30 years of building hope on Prison Show". Houston Chronicle. Retrieved June 22, 2017.
- "KPFT's 'Prison Show' gets 'perfect' new host". Houston Chronicle. Retrieved June 23, 2017.
- "Documentary takes a fresh look at one of Houston's most notorious murders". Houston Chronicle. Retrieved June 22, 2017.
- "Member of The Woodlands 10 granted parole". Houston Chronicle. Retrieved June 22, 2017.
- "Parole granted for man convicted in 1991 Texas gay slaying". Houston Chronicle. Retrieved June 22, 2017.
- "Convicted gay-bashing killer Jon Buice released on parole". Dallas Voice. Retrieved June 22, 2017.
- ""Ray Hill and the Sex Police" Sunday at Obsidian Art Space". Dallas Voice. Retrieved June 22, 2017.
- "Activist questions Memorial Park arrests of more than twenty men (UPDATE)". OutSmart Magazine. August 7, 2013. Retrieved June 22, 2017.
- "Houston cops don 'chrome penis,' arrest 20 in gay sex sting, activist says". Dallas Voice. Retrieved June 22, 2017.
- "Houston PD says gay sex sting netted 7 arrests, won't discuss officers' attire". Dallas Voice. Retrieved June 22, 2017.
- "City of Houston v. Hill 482 U.S. 451 (1987)". Justia Law. Retrieved June 22, 2017.
- "Ray Hill Arrested". Dallas Voice. Retrieved June 22, 2017.
- "FindLaw's United States Supreme Court case and opinions". Findlaw. Retrieved June 22, 2017.
- "Harris County deputy arrests man taking cellphone video". Houston Chronicle. Retrieved June 22, 2017.
- Hill, 482 U.S. at 455, 107 S.Ct. 2502.
- "Documentary on Community Hero Ray Hill Launches Kickstarter Campaign". OutSmart Magazine. November 13, 2015. Retrieved June 22, 2017.
- "Gay Houston roasts citizen provocateur Ray Hill". Project Q. Retrieved June 22, 2017.
- "Documentary Prison Show focuses on Ray Hill". Houston Chronicle. Retrieved June 22, 2017.
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- Malisow, Craig (March 7, 2014). "Get a Sneak Preview of a Kick-Ass Documentary on Gay Activist Ray Hill". Houston Press. Retrieved June 23, 2017.
- "I Mess With Texas". This American Life. Retrieved June 23, 2017.
- "Ray Hill". www.paroletexas.com. Retrieved June 22, 2017.
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