|Birth name||Ramon Daniel Pennington|
|Also known as||Ray Starr|
December 22, 1933 |
Clay County, Kentucky
|Occupation(s)||Singer-songwriter, record producer|
|Associated acts||Waylon Jennings|
Ramon Daniel "Ray" Pennington (born December 22, 1933 in Clay County, Kentucky) is an American country music singer, songwriter and record producer. He is known for writing the Waylon Jennings song "I'm a Ramblin' Man", and for founding the independent Step One Records label.
Pennington first performed in a western swing band called the Western Rhythm Boys, which performed in Ohio. In 1958, he signed with King Records and released "Three Hearts in a Tangle" under the name Ray Starr. However, Pennington was dissatisfied with the recording, so he asked that it be withdrawn as a single. Pennington then took up record producer and artists and repertoire jobs at the label, including a production credit on Hawkshaw Hawkins' final album, Lonesome 7-7203, one of the first country albums to feature both black and white session musicians. He also produced for The Stanley Brothers and Reno and Smiley, also playing drums for the latter.
Roy Drusky covered "Three Hearts in a Tangle", taking his rendition to number 2 on the country charts in 1961. Pennington continued to perform in both the Western Rhythm Boys and another band called the Starliners. He also worked at a record store and released a rhythm and blues single called "I Have to Laugh to Keep from Crying", also under the name Ray Starr.
Pennington moved to Nashville, Tennessee in 1964, where he worked at Pamper Music, producing for Tex Williams and Kenny Price, who recorded two of Pennington's songs: "Walking on New Grass" and "Happy Tracks". Pennington signed to Capitol Records in 1966 as a recording artist, charting three songs (including the number 29 "I'm a Ramblin' Man") before leaving. He moved to Monument Records in 1969, where he charted five more times, but soon left that label to work at RCA Records. While at RCA, Waylon Jennings covered "I'm a Ramblin' Man" and took it to number 1, as Pennington continued to work as a producer for RCA artists such as Billy Walker and Norma Jean. Pennington charted his last solo single, "She Wanted a Little Bit More", on MRC Records in 1978. He later founded the duo Bluestone with Jerry McBee, and charted "Haven't I Loved You Somewhere Before".
In 1984, Pennington co-founded Step One Records with Mel Holt. Ray Price was the first act signed to the label, and fiddler Clinton Gregory charted three Top 30 hits while on Step One. Western Flyer, Celinda Pink and The Geezinslaws were also among the label's roster.
While on Step One, Pennington recorded multiple albums with the Swing Shift Band, co-founded with steel guitarist Buddy Emmons. This band charted with "Turn Me Loose and Let Me Swing" in 1988. Step One closed in 1998.
|Ray Pennington Sings for the Other Woman||
|Dear Lord, I've Changed (Since I've Been Unchained)||
In the Swing Shift Band
|Swingin' from the 40s Through the 80s||
|In the Mood for Swingin'||
|Swing & Other Things||
|Swingin' Our Way||
|Swingin' by Request||
|It's All in the Swing||
|Goin' Out Swingin'||
|1966||"Who's Been Mowing the Lawn (While I Was Gone)"||43|
|1967||"I'm a Ramblin' Man"||29|
|"Who's Gonna Walk the Dog (And Put Out the Cat)"||65|
|1969||"What Eva Doesn't Have"||70|
|"This Song Don't Care Who Sings It"||69|
|1970||"You Don't Know Me"||61|
|"The Other Woman"||74|
|1971||"Bubbles in My Beer"||68|
|1978||"She Wanted a Little Bit More"||79|
|1980||"Haven't I Loved You Somewhere Before" (in Bluestone)||79|
|1988||"(Turn Me Loose and) Let Me Swing" (in Swing Shift Band)||76|
- U.S. Public Records Index Vol 1 (Provo, UT: Ancestry.com Operations, Inc.), 2010.
- Kentucky Department for Libraries and Archives. Kentucky, Birth Index, 1911-1999 (Provo, UT: Ancestry.com Operations, Inc.), 2006. Curiously, his birth name in this index is given as Rhymon Pennington, which could be a typographical error or his actual birth name.
- "Ray Pennington biography". Oldies.com. Retrieved May 4, 2012.
- Whitburn, Joel (2008). Hot Country Songs 1944 to 2008. Record Research, Inc. p. 321. ISBN 0-89820-177-2.
- Whitburn, p. 53
- Kingsbury, Paul; et al. (2004). The Encyclopedia of Country Music. Sourcebooks, Inc. p. 506. ISBN 9780195176087.
- Morris, Edward (March 11, 1995). "Music is always step one at the world's largest independent country label". Billboard. 107 (10): 30–37. Retrieved May 5, 2012.
- Whitburn, p. 413