Ray Reach

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
Ray Reach
Branford and Ray.JPG
Reach (right) with Branford Marsalis
Background information
Birth name Raymond Everett Reach, Jr.
Born (1948-08-03) August 3, 1948 (age 67)
Origin Birmingham, Alabama, U.S.
Genres Jazz, classical, pop, R & B, gospel, contemporary Christian, country
Occupation(s) Pianist, vocalist, guitarist, arranger, composer, producer, educator
Instruments Keyboards, guitar, vocals
Years active 1964–present
Associated acts Lou Marini, Lew Soloff, Chuck Redd, Chuck Leavell, Chaka Kahn, Jonathan Butler, Ellis Marsalis, Jr. Magic City Jazz Orchestra
SuperJazz Big Band
Night Flight Big Band
Cleveland Eaton and the Alabama All-Stars
W. C. Handy Jazz All-Stars
Alabama Jazz Hall of Fame All-Stars
Website www.rayreach.com

Raymond Everett Reach, Jr. (born August 3, 1948)[1] is an American pianist, vocalist and educator. He serves as Director of Student Jazz Programs for the Alabama Jazz Hall of Fame, director of the Alabama Jazz Hall of Fame All-Stars and President and CEO of Ray Reach Music[2][better source needed] and Magic City Music Productions.[3][better source needed]

He has performed and recorded in various genres, including pop, R & B, Motown/soul, gospel, rock, classic rock, country (contemporary and traditional), contemporary Christian, classical and jazz music, and is known for his work in the jazz idiom, combining straight-ahead jazz piano stylings with Sinatra-style vocals.[4] He resides in Birmingham, Alabama.

Early years[edit]

Born in Birmingham, Alabama, Reach is the only child of Erma Elizabeth Hillman (a beautician) and Raymond Everett Reach, Sr. (a coal miner). He began piano lessons at age 6, studying with Giula Williams of E. E. Forbes and Sons Piano Company in Birmingham. Later, he studied piano at the Birmingham Conservatory of Music.[5][better source needed]

He attended Minor High School,[6][better source needed] Birmingham-Southern College, the University of Montevallo and the University of Alabama (UA), among others. At Birmingham-Southern, he studied voice with New York City Opera baritone Andrew Gainey,[7][dead link] and studied piano with Sam Howard of the concert piano duo, Hodgens and Howard.[8][dead link] At UA (1977–1980), he served as graduate assistant to jazz educator Steve Sample, Sr, directing Jazz Ensemble B, and playing piano in and arranging for Jazz Ensemble A. During his time at the University of Alabama (1979), ASCAP presented Reach with the Raymond Hubbell Musical Scholarship, for his contributions to jazz and popular music in America.[citation needed]

Jazz and computer music education[edit]

Reach has been an active jazz educator since the early 1970s. While attending Birmingham-Southern College, he created a series of jazz workshops which were hosted by the music department.[citation needed] He has taught jazz courses and computer music (MIDI) courses and workshops at numerous colleges, including Cedar Valley College in Dallas, Texas[citation needed], Birmingham-Southern College[citation needed], the University of Montevallo[citation needed], the University of Alabama[citation needed], and the University of North Texas.[citation needed] In the late 1970s, Reach was chosen by jazz educator Steve Sample, Sr to be the first ever graduate teaching assistant in the jazz program at the University of Alabama.[citation needed]

From 1998 to 2005, Reach was instructor of jazz and music technology at the University of Alabama at Birmingham (UAB) and director of the UAB Jazz Ensemble.[9][better source needed] He was released for misleading UAB by stating he had a Doctorate in Music from the University of North Texas. "https://www.uab.edu/humanresources/home/" He is currently (2005 to present) Director of Student Jazz Programs for the Alabama Jazz Hall of Fame (AJHoF), where he directs the Student All-Star Band. He served as a faculty member of the W. C. Handy Jazz Camp[citation needed], and is a regular featured performer at the W. C. Handy Music Festival and a member of the W. C. Handy Jazz All-Stars.[citation needed]

Ray Reach receiving a resolution from Alabama State Legislature on February 21, 2013. Pictured left to right are: Unidentified Alabama State Representative, Reach and Alabama State Representative Barbara Boyd. Photo taken at First Baptist Church, Montgomery, Alabama.

Notable students[edit]

As a jazz educator, Ray has taught a number of notable musicians, including: Kelley O'Neal (saxophonist)[citation needed]; Beth Gottlieb[10][dead link] (percussionist and wife of drummer Danny Gottlieb); Ned Holder (trombonist)[citation needed]; Mark Lanter (drummer);[11][dead link] Peter Wolf (producer)[citation needed]; Chris Gordon (trumpeter/educator);[12][not in citation given] Greg Chambers (saxophonist)[citation needed]; Dave Miller(saxophonist);[13][dead link] and Chuck Tilley (drummer)[citation needed], a member of the band Sixwire, which won 2nd place on Fox's American Idol spin-off, The Next Great American Band.[citation needed]

Recent alumni of Reach's UAB Jazz Ensemble include Birmingham Gospel pianist Arthur Beard[citation needed], pianist/keyboardist Coleman Woodson[14][better source needed] and drummer Tim George of Just A Few Cats,[15][better source needed] the band which gave American Idol Ruben Studdard his entry into the Birmingham music scene. While Reach was director of the UAB Jazz Ensemble, Studdard often sat in on his rehearsals.[citation needed]

Left to Right: Ray Reach, Carla Stovall, Trey Anastasio (of Phish)and Lou Marini at a reception following a Carnegie Hall concert, 2004

Performing, conducting, composing and arranging[edit]

Reach is a pianist, singer, guitarist, arranger and composer. His skills span numerous musical and stylistic genres, including classical, jazz, R & B, contemporary pop, gospel and country.

Left to Right: Ellis Marsalis, John Nuckols and Ray Reach, after a concert at the Alys Stephens Center in Birmingham, Alabama, November 4, 2007.
Ray Reach and Eric Marienthal, after a concert at the Alabama Jazz Hall of Fame in Birmingham, Alabama.

Jazz and pop[edit]

Reach is a member of several active performing and recording groups, including the Magic City Jazz Orchestra (of which he is the founding director), the Ray Reach Orchestra, the Night Flight Big Band[16] and Cleveland Eaton and the Alabama Allstars.[17] He leads his own group, Ray Reach and Friends,[18] and is a former member of the SuperJazz Big Band[19] (formerly UAB SuperJazz), which was the first performing musical ensemble connected with the UAB Department of Music[citation needed]. He has performed with and arranged for numerous notable jazz and pop musicians and ensembles, including Clark Terry[citation needed], Dizzy Gillespie[citation needed], Jack Sheldon[citation needed], Mike Williams (lead trumpeter for the Count Basie Orchestra), Leonard Candelaria (classical trumpeter and educator)[citation needed], singer Al Jarreau[citation needed], singer Natalie Cole[citation needed], Lou Marini[citation needed], Ellis Marsalis[citation needed], Cleveland Eaton[citation needed], vibraphonist Gary Burton[citation needed], vibraphonist / drummer Chuck Redd[citation needed], Mundell Lowe[citation needed], Lloyd Wells[citation needed], Bill Goodwin[citation needed] , Danny Gottlieb[citation needed], Lew Soloff[citation needed], Birch Johnson[citation needed], Jonathan Butler[citation needed], Jack Petersen[citation needed], Galen Jeter's Dallas Jazz Orchestra[citation needed], The Auburn Knights Orchestra[citation needed], the Guy Lombardo Orchestra[citation needed], the Lawrence Welk Orchestra[citation needed], Ladies' Night Out,[20] vocalist Kathy Kosins[citation needed], the Temptations Review, featuring Dennis Edwards and Chaka Khan with the Lionel Hampton Orchestra[citation needed].

During his seven years as director of the UAB Jazz Ensemble (1998–2005), Reach wrote a large percentage of the music that the band played, including 147 big band arrangements and numerous others for vocal groups and jazz combos[citation needed]. His catalogue of arrangements and compositions numbers over a thousand pieces, including arrangements for solo jazz piano, jazz duo, trio, quartet, quintet, sextet, septet, octette, nonette and big band, as well as string quartet, choral ensembles and piano plus string quartet[citation needed].

Festival appearances[edit]

Reach has appeared frequently at numerous music festivals, including the W. C. Handy Music Festival, the New Orleans Jazz and Heritage Festival, the Mobile Jazz Festival, the Taste of 4th Avenue Jazz Festival, Birmingham's City Stages festival, and the Denton Arts and Jazz Festival.[citation needed]

Vocal and choral music[edit]

Reach has been a singer all his life, and has been an active choral conductor for more than 35 years. His first public performance was at age four, singing a spiritual song at his home church, Minor United Methodist, near Birmingham. His love for choral music began at Dixie Junior High School, where he sang in the choir under Tom Pinion, and later at Minor High School, under John Fowler. He began formal voice lessons at age 15 with Andrew Gainey at Birmingham-Southern College and later entered Birmingham-Southern as a voice major, planning to pursue a career as a professional singer. To this day, Ray refers to his singing, among the many musical skills he possesses, as the "best thing he does musically".[1]

During his college undergraduate years, Ray began his choral directing career at Village Falls United Methodist Church. Following this, he was a paid singer at Fairview United Methodist Church, then later was choir director at Norwood United Methodist Church. Subsequently, he sang at First United Methodist Church of Birmingham[21] (under Sam Owens and later under Hugh Thomas) and was baritone soloist and choir singer at Independent Presbyterian Church in Birmingham[22] under choirmaster and organist Joseph Schreiber.[23] He also sang with the Birmingham Civic Opera,[24] and, while at Birmingham-Southern, sang lead roles in operas such as The Telephone, Amahl and the Night Visitors, The Barber of Seville, and The Marriage of Figaro.

During his seven years at St. Francis Episcopal Church, Reach blended styles of music to create a unique worship music experience. He employed traditional hymns, classical music, praise and worship choruses, contemporary Christian songs, and sacred music by jazz composers such as Duke Ellington and Dave Brubeck. Special liturgical music presentations often featured renowned jazz artists, such as Lou Marini, Lew Soloff and Cleveland Eaton.[citation needed]

In 2000, he participated in the premiere performance of a jazz mass called "Requiem for the Millennium", by Gary Hallquist. The piece was commissioned by the New Orleans Baptist Theological Seminary, and was given its debut performance on Good Friday at St. Louis Cathedral, New Orleans. The piece was performed by a 200-voice choir, accompanied by the Louisiana Philharmonic Orchestra and featured a jazz quartet led by saxophonist Lou Marini.

Reach has written arrangements for numerous choral ensembles, including the Dallas Symphony Chorus, the choirs of Shades Mountain Baptist Church[25] in Birmingham, the jazz vocal group Ladies' Night Out and the Hilltop Singers of Birmingham-Southern College. In the gospel and contemporary Christian music world, he has written arrangements for artists such as Jonathan Butler, The Clark Sisters, Anetta Nunn[26] and the group Joylight, the resident ensemble at Community Church in Dallas, Texas. Reach contributed arrangements to Butler's 2007 CD and DVD, which was titled "Gospel Goes Classical", and rose to number 2 on the Billboard Gospel charts, and number 3 on the Classical Crossover charts nationally. The recording, produced by Henry Panion, featured Butler, along with Juanita Bynum, a 100+-voice gospel choir and full symphony orchestra, recorded at the Alys Stephens Center.[citation needed]

Musical theatre[edit]

For several consecutive years, Reach was commissioned to write arrangements for the annual Induction Gala of the Alabama Stage and Screen Hall of Fame. In this period of time, this hall of fame inducted people such as Truman Capote, Harper Lee, Hugh Martin, Dean Jones, George Lindsey, Fannie Flagg, and Tallulah Bankhead. He has also arranged and music directed productions for Theatre Tuscaloosa, including And the World Goes 'Round and 1776. As a conductor, he has been musical director for numerous Broadway-style shows. For example, at Samford University he was musical director for Joseph and the Amazing Technicolor Dreamcoat (by Andrew Lloyd Webber), Into the Woods (by Stephen Sondheim) and the Southeastern premier of Children of Eden (by Stephen Schwartz).[citation needed]

As a composer, he has written and arranged five Broadway-style musicals for Birmingham Children's Theatre: Rumplestiltskin; The Perfect Prince; The Bravo Bus; Backstage Baby; and Tuxedo Junction.[27][28]

Commercial jingle production[edit]

While living in Dallas, Texas (1983–91), Reach wrote and produced commercial jingles and film and video scores, for clients such as United Airlines, Mercedes-Benz, and various radio stations[citation needed].

Left to Right: Lou Marini, Ray Reach and Ernie Stires at a reception following a Carnegie Hall concert which featured the music of Trey Anastasio and Ernie Stires, 2004.

Music production[edit]

Reach is president of the Birmingham-based music production company, Magic CIty Music Productions[citation needed]. He learned music production skills by working with and observing the producers he worked for over the years in various studios around the Southeast, including (in Birmingham) Sound of Birmingham,[29] Boutwell Studios,[30] Bates Brothers Recording,[31] Audiostate 55 Recording Studio,[32] Prestige Productions and PolyMusic Recording; in the Muscle Shoals, Alabama area: Quinvy Studios, FAME Studios; and in the Dallas, Texas area: Sound Logic Recording[citation needed], Goodnight Audio[citation needed], Sound Southwest[citation needed], Crystal Clear Sound,[33] T M Communications,[34] Toby Arnold and Associates,[35] Zimmersmith Productions[citation needed], and Dallas Sound Lab[citation needed]. He has been associated with highly skilled producers and engineers, such as Ed Boutwell,[36] Gaston Nichols,[37] Noah White[citation needed], Kenny Wallis[citation needed], Eric Bates,[38] Mark Harrelson[citation needed], Chet Bennett,[39] Phil York,[40] Danny Brown, Blake English[citation needed], James Bevelle[citation needed], John Conner, Jr.[citation needed], Dan Rudin[41] and Barry Beckett (of the Muscle Shoals Rhythm Section)[citation needed].

Left to Right: Ray Reach, trumpeter Ken Watters, bassist Jim Ferguson, drummer Bill Goodwin and guitarist Tom Wolfe at the 2008 W C Handy Music Festival in Florence, Alabama.
Left to Right: Ray Reach, Chuck Leavell and Peter Wolf at the 2008 BAMA Awards in Birmingham, Alabama.

2008-2010 Performances[edit]

In January 2008, Reach performed as guest artist with the Howard Paul Trio[42] at the Jazz Corner[43] on Hilton Head Island, South Carolina, a venue he returned to with his own trio on October 3 and 4.[44]

On March 20, 2008, at the invitation of Chuck Leishman, publisher of The Birmingham Weekly,[45] he directed the house band at the 2008 Birmingham Area Music Awards.[46] The band, known collectively as The Alabama Jazz Hall of Fame All-Stars, accompanied BAMA Award recipients Chuck Leavell and Peter Wolf.[47] From July 20–26, 2008, he performed at the W. C. Handy Music Festival.[48] On August 21, 2008, he was featured on the "Tapestry" radio show, hosted by Greg Bass on WBHM Radio 90.3 FM in Birmingham, Alabama.[49] On September 27, 2008, The Ray Reach Quartet, featuring saxophonist Gary Wheat, drummer Steve Ramos, Count Basie bassist Cleveland Eaton, with guest, New York trumpeter Lew Soloff, appeared at the Taste of 4th Avenue Jazz Festival in Birmingham, Alabama.[50]

On March 28, 2009, in his role as Director of Student Jazz Programs for the Alabama Jazz Hall of Fame, Reach was one of the hosts of the Hall of Fame's 7th Annual Student Jazz Band Festival. The guest clinician/performers included pianist Bill Carrothers and saxophonist Eric Marienthal. On March 25–27, 2010, he repeated the role; the guest clinician was drummer T. S. Monk. From July 19 to 25, 2009, he appeared at the W. C. Handy Music Festival in Florence, Alabama.[citation needed]

Partial discography[edit]

As pianist/keyboardist, arranger, vocalist and producer

  • Ellis Marsalis and the SuperJazz Big Band.[19] UAB SuperJazz, Featuring Ellis Marsalis (2001). Co-produced with Henry Panion), recorded at the Alys Stephens Center.
  • Ray Reach and Friends. Especially For You (1994). Jazz quartet.
  • Ray Reach and Friends. Have Yourself A Jazzy Little Christmas (2005). Jazz quartet, recorded at CBS Recording Studio[51]
  • Janet Rubino. Worthy Sparrow (2005). A collection of Christian songs and service music.
  • Joylight. Let There Be Love (1990). Produced by Reach and Michael Loveless.
  • Bo Rivers. Country Blue (1986). Country music. Produced by Reach.
  • Bo Rivers. She Just Keeps On Lovin' You (1986). Country music. Produced by Reach.
  • Bo Rivers. Broken Promises (1986). Country music. Produced by Reach.
  • Ray Reach. Mr. President (1989). A popular song, co-written by Mike Loveless, Joe Sterling and Birmingham musician Ray Reach for the purpose of raising money to benefit homeless people in the United States.The song was composed and first produced in Dallas, Texas in 1989. George White and Jeff Tokar introduced homelessness activist Joe Sterling to Reach and Loveless, partners in a music production company. They, in turn, enlisted the help of local musicians and facilities including the Dallas Symphony Chorus. Reach and Loveless arranged the piece. Reach played keyboards and performed lead vocals along with Benita Arterberry, Tony Powers and Amy Hahn. Other instrumentalists included guitarist Kim Platko and saxophonist Randy Lee. Engineer Danny Brown assisted the producers with the recording and remixing[citation needed].

In 1990, "Mr President" was performed live on HBO's Comic Relief '90 by Natalie Cole and Al Jarreau along with New York City public school choral students and a band directed by saxophonist Tom Scott[citation needed].

A new recording of the song was made in Birmingham in 1993 with choral students from Jefferson County (Alabama) Schools, Chuck Leavell (keyboards with the Rolling Stones and Eric Clapton), Charlie Hayward (bassist with the Charlie Daniels Band), Chuck Tilley (drummer for Lee Greenwood and Dolly Parton), Kelley O'Neal (saxophonist for Take 6), Wayne Perkins (Muscle Shoals studio guitarist) and help from Front Row Productions and Airwave Productions Group. Proceeds from the recording benefit PATH activities through the JBS Mental Health Authority[citation needed].

As producer

  • K. Lee Scott. Christmastide (2003). Choral music[citation needed].
  • K. Lee Scott. Requiem (2006). Choral music[citation needed].
  • K. Lee Scott. "Band of Angels - A Service of Remembrance" (Soon to be released - recorded August 4 and 5, 2014) The Lee Scott Singers. Commissioned for presentation during the 50th anniversary commemoration (2013) of the tragic church bombing in Birmingham, Alabama which killed four little African-American girls. Premiered in 2013 at the Alys Stephens Center on the campus of the University of Alabama at Birmingham. A more recent recording was done on August 4 and 5, 2014, featuring the Lee Scott Singers[citation needed].
  • Uncle Bud's Lectro Wood Experience. Comedic Bluegrass. Production assistance and musician contracting by Reach. Recorded at Bates Brothers Recording[31] and at the studio of John Conner, Jr. in Brentwood, Tennessee. Glen Duncan[52] on fiddle.[53]

As keyboardist

As producer, arranger and keyboardist

As producer, arranger, keyboardist, vocalist and guitarist

  • James Clark[58] Count On Me (1997). Original songs by James Clark, recorded at Bates Brothers Recording Studio.
  • Dr. Dan "Harpdog" Marson. Blues, Gospel and Jazz Harmonica (1999). Produced by Reach[citation needed].
  • Chuck "Doc" Snow. Pray For Me (2006). Produced and arranged by Ray Reach[citation needed].

See also[edit]


  1. ^ a b All About Jazz. "Ray Reach Profile at". Allaboutjazz.com. Retrieved December 17, 2011. 
  2. ^ "Ray Reach Music at". Bhamwiki.com. January 26, 2011. Retrieved December 17, 2011. 
  3. ^ "Magic City Music Productions". Bhamwiki.com. January 26, 2011. Retrieved December 17, 2011. 
  4. ^ Brown, Angela: "Birmingham Beat – Uncovering the Local Music Scene", Birmingham Magazine, March, 2006, p. 121
  5. ^ "Birmingham Conservatory of Music at". Bhamwiki.com. August 7, 2010. Retrieved December 17, 2011. 
  6. ^ "Minor High School at". Bhamwiki.com. Retrieved December 17, 2011. 
  7. ^ "Andrew Gainey profile at". Agfineartsfund.org. Retrieved December 17, 2011. 
  8. ^ "Hodgens and Howard". Music.uab.edu. Retrieved December 17, 2011. 
  9. ^ "UAB Jazz Ensemble at". Bhamwiki.com. January 26, 2011. Retrieved December 17, 2011. 
  10. ^ Benjamin Lewis. "Beth Gottlieb bio at". Ltdanband.com. Retrieved December 17, 2011. 
  11. ^ "Mark Lanter". Music.uab.edu. Retrieved December 17, 2011. 
  12. ^ Chris Gordon
  13. ^ "Dave Miller". Jazza-nova.com. Retrieved December 17, 2011. 
  14. ^ "Coleman Woodson". Bhamwiki.com. August 19, 2008. Retrieved December 17, 2011. 
  15. ^ "Just A Few Cats". Bhamwiki.com. February 7, 2009. Retrieved December 17, 2011. 
  16. ^ a b "Night Flight Big Band". Bhamwiki.com. January 26, 2011. Retrieved December 17, 2011. 
  17. ^ "Cleveland Eaton and the Alabama All-Stars". Bhamwiki.com. September 21, 2009. Retrieved December 17, 2011. 
  18. ^ "Ray Reach and Friends". Bhamwiki.com. Retrieved December 17, 2011. 
  19. ^ a b "SuperJazz Big Band". Bhamwiki.com. Retrieved December 17, 2011. 
  20. ^ All About Jazz (April 13, 2009). "Ladies' Night Out". Allaboutjazz.com. Retrieved December 17, 2011. 
  21. ^ "First United Methodist Church of Birmingham". Bhamwiki.com. March 30, 2011. Retrieved December 17, 2011. 
  22. ^ "Independent Presbyterian Church". Bhamwiki.com. Retrieved December 17, 2011. 
  23. ^ "Joseph Schreiber". Bhamwiki.com. Retrieved December 17, 2011. 
  24. ^ "Birmingham Civic Opera". Bhamwiki.com. December 8, 2009. Retrieved December 17, 2011. 
  25. ^ "Shades Mountain Baptist Church". Shades.org. Retrieved December 17, 2011. 
  26. ^ "Anetta Nunn profile at". Bhamwiki.com. Retrieved December 17, 2011. 
  27. ^ "Birmingham Children's Theatre". Bct123.org. Retrieved December 17, 2011. 
  28. ^ "''Rumplestiltskin''". Bct123.org. Retrieved December 17, 2011. 
  29. ^ "Sound of Birmingham". Bhamwiki.com. Retrieved December 17, 2011. 
  30. ^ "Boutwell Studios". Bhamwiki.com. Retrieved December 17, 2011. 
  31. ^ a b "Bates Brothers Recording". Bhamwiki.com. Retrieved December 17, 2011. 
  32. ^ "Audiostate 55 Recording Studio". Bhamwiki.com. Retrieved December 17, 2011. 
  33. ^ "Crystal Clear Sound". Crystalclearstudios.com. Retrieved December 17, 2011. 
  34. ^ "T M Communications". Findarticles.com. August 20, 2004. Retrieved December 17, 2011. 
  35. ^ "Toby Arnold and Associates". Taamusic.com. Retrieved December 17, 2011. 
  36. ^ "Ed Boutwell profile at". Boutwellstudios.com. Retrieved December 17, 2011. 
  37. ^ Gaston Nichols profile, nicholsproaudio.com; accessed March 9, 2015.
  38. ^ "Eric Bates profile at". Batesbrothersrecording.com. Retrieved December 17, 2011. 
  39. ^ "Chet Bennett profile at". Chetbennettsoundz.com. Retrieved December 17, 2011. 
  40. ^ "Phil York profile at". Yorktowndigital.com. Retrieved December 17, 2011. 
  41. ^ Dan Rudin
  42. ^ Howard Paul Trio
  43. ^ "Jazz Corner". Jazz Corner. Retrieved December 17, 2011. 
  44. ^ "Ray Reach at The Jazz Corner". Thejazzcorner.com. Retrieved December 17, 2011. 
  45. ^ Davis, Christopher. "The Birmingham Weekly". Bhamweekly.com. Retrieved December 17, 2011. 
  46. ^ "Birmingham Area Music Awards". Bhamwiki.com. Retrieved December 17, 2011. 
  47. ^ Peter Wolf and the BAMA Awards
  48. ^ "Rick Bell profile at". Bhamwiki.com. September 30, 2007. Retrieved December 17, 2011. 
  49. ^ "Interview with Ray Reach on "Tapestry" on WBHM Radio, Birmingham, AL". Wbhm.org. Retrieved December 17, 2011. 
  50. ^ "Taste of Fourth Avenue Jazz Festival". Justataste.org. September 24, 2011. Retrieved December 17, 2011. 
  51. ^ "CBS Recording Studios". Bhamwiki.com. July 21, 2007. Retrieved December 17, 2011. 
  52. ^ "Glen Duncan profile at". Countrymusic.about.com. February 24, 2011. Retrieved December 17, 2011. 
  53. ^ "Uncle Bud". Rockgrass.com. Retrieved December 17, 2011. 
  54. ^ "Mark Sallings profile at". marksallings.com. Retrieved December 17, 2011. 
  55. ^ All About Jazz (June 9, 2010). "Magic City Jazz Orchestra". Allaboutjazz.com. Retrieved December 17, 2011. 
  56. ^ "Eric Essix". Bhamwiki.com. Retrieved December 17, 2011. 
  57. ^ "Bates Brothers Recording Studio". Bhamwiki.com. Retrieved December 17, 2011. 
  58. ^ James Clark.

External links[edit]