Ray-Ban

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Ray-Ban
Subsidiary
Founded 1937; 80 years ago (1937)
in Rochester, New York,
United States
Area served
Worldwide
Products Sunglasses
Eyeglasses
Owners Luxottica Group
Website ray-ban.com

Ray-Ban is a brand of sunglasses and eyeglasses founded in 1937 by the American company Bausch & Lomb. The brand is best known for their Wayfarer and Aviator lines of sunglasses. In 1999, Bausch & Lomb sold the brand to the Italian eyewear conglomerate Luxottica Group, for a reported US$640 million.[1]

History[edit]

In 1929, US Army Air Corps Colonel John A. Macready worked with Bausch & Lomb, a Rochester, New York-based medical equipment manufacturer, to create aviation sunglasses that would reduce the distraction for pilots caused by the intense blue and white hues of the sky.[2][3][not in citation given] Specifically, MacCready was concerned about how pilots' goggles would fog up, greatly reducing visibility at high altitude.[4] The prototype, created in 1936 and known as ‘Anti-Glare’, had plastic frames and green lenses that could cut out the glare without obscuring vision. They also added impact-resistant lenses in 1938.[5] The sunglasses were redesigned with a metal frame the following year and patented as the Ray-Ban Aviator.[4] According to the BBC, the glasses used “Kalichrome lenses designed to sharpen details and minimise haze by filtering out blue light, making them ideal for misty conditions.”[4]

In 1999, the Global Eyewear Division of Bausch & Lomb, including Ray-Ban. was acquired by Luxottica Group for US$640 million.[1]

Sunglasses lines[edit]

Ray-Ban's most popular sunglasses are the Wayfarer, and Aviator models.[4][6][7] During the 1950s, Ray-Ban released the Caravans, which had a squarer frame. In 1965, the Olympian I and II were introduced; they became popular when Peter Fonda wore them in the 1969 film Easy Rider.[8] The company has also produced special edition lines, such as the The General in 1987, bearing similarity to the original aviators worn by General Douglas MacArthur during the Second World War.[5]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b "Company News: Bausch & Lomb Selling Sunglass Business to Luxottica". NY Times. April 29, 1999. Retrieved September 5, 2010. 
  2. ^ Pagan Kennedy (3 August 2012). "Who Made Those Aviator Sunglasses?". New York Times. Archived from the original on 21 August 2012. Retrieved 1 May 2017. And so Macready began working with Bausch & Lomb to design goggles especially suited to protect against the dazzle in the stratosphere. “My dad gave Bausch & Lomb the original shape, tint and fit” of aviator lenses, Wallace said. 
  3. ^ "The best ever ray-bans". 
  4. ^ a b c d Foreman, Katya. "The enduring appeal of aviator sunglasses". 
  5. ^ a b "Fashion Notes". 24 May 1987. 
  6. ^ Williamson, Charlote; Davis (1 September 2007). "101 Things to Buy Before You Die". New Holland Publishers – via Google Books. 
  7. ^ Shilling, Donovan A. (1 January 2011). "A Photographic History of Bausch + Lomb". Pancoast Publishing – via Google Books. 
  8. ^ "Mad Men Don Draper Meets Peter Fonda in Easy Rider (1969)". 14 November 2014. 

External links[edit]