Raymond

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Raymond
Pronunciation/ˈrmənd/
French pronunciation: ​[ʁɛmɔ̃]
GenderMale
Language(s)German
Origin
Word/nameGermanic
Meaning"Counsellor, "Protector", "Wise Protector", "Mighty"
Region of originNorthern Europe
Other names
Nickname(s)Ray

Raymond is a male given name. It was borrowed into English from French (older French spellings were Reimund[1] and Raimund,[2] whereas the modern English and French spellings are identical). It originated as the Germanic Raginmund or Reginmund.[1] "Ragin" (Old German) and "regin" (Gothic) meant "counsel."[3] The Old High German "mund" originally meant "hand,"[4] but came to mean "protection."[5] This etymology suggests that the name originated in the Early Middle Ages, possibly from Latin.

Despite the German and French origins of the English name, some of its early uses in English documents appear in Latinized form. As a surname, its first recorded appearance in Britain appeared in 1086, during the reign of William the Conqueror, in the Domesday Book, with a reference to Giraldus Reimundus.[6]

The most commonly used names for baby boys based on "Ragin" in 2009 were, in descending order, Raymond, Ramiro, Rayner, Rein, Reingard, Reynard, and Reynold.[7] Its many other variants include Raiment, Raimo, Raimond, Raimondi, Raimondo, Raimund, Raimundo, Ramon, Ramón, Ramond, Ramondelli, Ramondenc, Ramondi, Ramondini, Ramondino, Ramondo, Ramondou, Ramonenc, Ramonic, Ramundi, Rayment, Raymonenc, Raymonencq, Raymont, Raymund, Redmond, Redmonds, Reim, Reimund, Reinmund, Rémon, Rémond, Remondeau, Remondon, Rémont, Reymond, Rimondi, and Rimondini.[8]

Translations and Variations[edit]

  • Albanian: Rajmond
  • Ancient Germanic: Raginmund, Raimund
  • Arabic: ريمون (Rimun)
  • Basque: Erramun, Erramon
  • Belarusian: Райманд (Rajmand)
  • Bengali: রেমন্ড (Rēmanḍa)
  • Catalan: Ramon, Raimon
  • Chinese Simplified: 雷蒙德
  • Chinese Traditional: 雷蒙德
  • Croatian: Rajmund
  • Czech: Rajmund
  • Dutch: Remon, Ramone, Raemon, Raemonn, Ramond, Ramonte, Remone
  • English: Raymund, Ray, Raymon, Rayman, Raymann, Raymen, Raymone, Raymun, Raemonn, Redmond, Radmond, Radmund, Reddin, Redmund, Reimond, Reymon, Reymound, Reymund, Raimond, Raimonds
  • Estonian: Raimund, Raimond
  • Finnish: Raimo, Reima
  • French: Raymond, Raymonde (feminine), Reimonde
  • German: Raimund, Reimund
  • Greek: Ραϋμόνδος (Raf̱̈móndos, Raÿmóndos)
  • Gujarati: રેમન્ડ (Rēmanḍa)
  • Hebrew: ריימונד
  • Hindi: रेमंड (Rēmaṇḍa)
  • Indonesian: Raimundus
  • Irish: Réamann, Radmond, Redmond, Redmund
  • Italian: Raimondo, Raimondi, Raymondo, Reimondo, Reimundo
  • Japanese: レイモンド (Reimondo), レーモンド (Rēmondo)
  • Kannada: ರೇಮಂಡ್ (Rēmaṇḍ)
  • Marathi: रेमंड (Rēmaṇḍ)
  • Korean: 레이몬드 (Reimondeu)
  • Latin: Raimundus
  • Latvian: Raimonds
  • Limburgish: Remao, Mao
  • Lithuanian: Raimundas, Raimondas
  • Macedonian: Рејмонд (Rejmond)
  • Nepali: रेमंड (Rēmaṇḍa)
  • Persian: ریموند
  • Polish: Rajmund
  • Portuguese: Raimundo
  • Punjabi: ਰੇਮੰਡ (Rēmaḍa)
  • Romanian: Reimond
  • Russian: Раймонд (Raymond)
  • Serbian: Рејмонд (Rejmond)
  • Slovene: Rajmund
  • Spanish: Raimundo, Ramón, Ramon, Remon, Remone, Romone, Raymundo, Raemondo, Raimondo, Raimundo, Raimon, Raymondo, Reymundo, Reimundo, Mundo
  • Tamil: ரேமண்ட் (Rēmaṇṭ)
  • Telugu: రేమండ్ (Rēmaṇḍ)
  • Thai: เรย์มอนด์ (Rey̒ mxn d̒)
  • Ukrainian: Раймонд (Raymond)
  • Urdu: ریمنڈ
  • Yiddish: רייַמאָנד (Ryyamʼánd)
  • Yoruba: Remondi

People[edit]

Historical[edit]

Aristocracy:

Saints:

Chronicler

Surname[edit]

Given name[edit]

Fictional characters[edit]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b Campbell, Mike. "Meaning, origin and history of the name Raymond". Behind the Name. Retrieved 7 August 2018.
  2. ^ "raymond - Search Online Etymology Dictionary". www.etymonline.com. Retrieved 7 August 2018.
  3. ^ von Goethe, Johann Wolfgang. Reynard the Fox. p. xiv., translated by Thomas James Arnold
  4. ^ Winfred Philipp Lehmann (1986). A Gothic Etymological Dictionary. BRILL. p. 245. ISBN 90-04-08176-3.
  5. ^ Jan Gonda (1975). Selected Studies: Indo-European linguistics. BRILL. p. 197. ISBN 90-04-04228-8.
  6. ^ "Surname Database: Raymond Last Name Origin". The Internet Surname Database. Retrieved 7 August 2018.
  7. ^ "Ragin Names for Boys at Baby Names Pedia". www.babynamespedia.com. Retrieved 7 August 2018.
  8. ^ "UNFORTUNATELY, THIS SERVICE NO LONGER AVAILABLE - University of Essex". privatewww.essex.ac.uk. Retrieved 7 August 2018.