Raymond, Washington

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Raymond
Raymond, Washington
Raymond Timberland Library
Raymond Timberland Library
Location of Raymond, Washington
Location of Raymond, Washington
Coordinates: 46°40′47″N 123°44′17″W / 46.67972°N 123.73806°W / 46.67972; -123.73806Coordinates: 46°40′47″N 123°44′17″W / 46.67972°N 123.73806°W / 46.67972; -123.73806
CountryUnited States
StateWashington
CountyPacific
Area
 • Total4.69 sq mi (12.14 km2)
 • Land4.09 sq mi (10.59 km2)
 • Water0.60 sq mi (1.55 km2)
Elevation
13 ft (4 m)
Population
 • Total2,882
 • Estimate 
(2018)[3]
2,963
 • Density724.80/sq mi (279.82/km2)
Time zoneUTC-8 (Pacific (PST))
 • Summer (DST)UTC-7 (PDT)
ZIP code
98577
Area code(s)360
FIPS code53-57430[4]
GNIS feature ID1507743[5]
WebsiteCity of Raymond

Raymond is a city in Pacific County, Washington, United States. The population was 2,975 at the 2000 census and decreased 3.1% to 2,882 at the 2010 census. The town's economy has traditionally been based on logging and fishing, together with a limited amount of tourism.[6][citation needed]

History

Raymond was officially incorporated on August 6, 1907. Raymond was named after L.V. Raymond,[7] who was the first postmaster in Raymond. In the early years, Raymond's business section was built on stilts five or six feet above the tidelands and sloughs that crisscrossed the site. Elevated sidewalks and streets connected most of the buildings. Raymond claimed a population of 6,000 in the year 1913 and had a reputation as a wild and wooly lumber mill town. City fathers resisted the unwanted reputation with promotions of Raymond as "The Empire City of Willapa Harbor" and "The City That Does Things". Lyricist Robert Wells, who wrote "The Christmas Song" with Mel Tormé, was born in Raymond in 1922.[8] Raymond was the city where the grunge band Nirvana played their first gig, on March 7, 1987.[9]

Recently, the town of Raymond has seen an influx of marijuana manufacturing and agricultural jobs after the passing of Initiative 502 in November 2012, which legalized the recreational use of marijuana. Raymond has embraced all aspects of this lucrative, newly-emerging industry by welcoming many new start-up businesses including commercial marijuana grow operations, marijuana-infused goods manufacturing, as well as retail marijuana stores.[citation needed]

Geography

The Raymond Theatre is one of three buildings in Raymond listed on the National Register of Historic Places, along with the city's library and post office.

Raymond is located at 46°40′47″N 123°44′17″W / 46.67972°N 123.73806°W / 46.67972; -123.73806 (46.679599, -123.738091).[10]

According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 4.62 square miles (11.97 km2), of which, 4.06 square miles (10.52 km2) is land and 0.56 square miles (1.45 km2) is water.[11]

Climate

According to the Köppen Climate Classification system, Raymond has a warm-summer Mediterranean climate, abbreviated "Csb" on climate maps.[12]

Climate data for Raymond
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Record high °F (°C) 65
(18)
75
(24)
79
(26)
86
(30)
94
(34)
97
(36)
100
(38)
102
(39)
99
(37)
88
(31)
69
(21)
63
(17)
102
(39)
Average high °F (°C) 47.5
(8.6)
50.4
(10.2)
54
(12)
57.9
(14.4)
62.5
(16.9)
66.1
(18.9)
70.8
(21.6)
72.3
(22.4)
70
(21)
60.7
(15.9)
51.5
(10.8)
46.1
(7.8)
59.1
(15.1)
Average low °F (°C) 33.1
(0.6)
32.6
(0.3)
35.2
(1.8)
37.5
(3.1)
42.6
(5.9)
47.1
(8.4)
50.5
(10.3)
50
(10)
45.3
(7.4)
39.6
(4.2)
35.8
(2.1)
32.3
(0.2)
40.1
(4.5)
Record low °F (°C) 5
(−15)
5
(−15)
20
(−7)
24
(−4)
28
(−2)
34
(1)
37
(3)
35
(2)
29
(−2)
17
(−8)
9
(−13)
3
(−16)
3
(−16)
Average precipitation inches (mm) 12.58
(320)
9.2
(230)
9.67
(246)
6.48
(165)
3.95
(100)
2.88
(73)
1.25
(32)
1.33
(34)
2.69
(68)
7.37
(187)
13.73
(349)
12
(300)
83.13
(2,112)
Average snowfall inches (cm) 2.5
(6.4)
1.5
(3.8)
0
(0)
0
(0)
0
(0)
0
(0)
0
(0)
0
(0)
0
(0)
0
(0)
0.1
(0.25)
1
(2.5)
5.1
(13)
Average precipitation days (≥ 0.01 inch) 22 18 22 20 17 14 8 8 10 18 23 21 201
Source: [13]

Demographics

Historical population
Census Pop.
19102,450
19204,26073.9%
19303,828−10.1%
19404,0455.7%
19504,1101.6%
19603,301−19.7%
19703,126−5.3%
19802,991−4.3%
19902,901−3.0%
20002,9752.6%
20102,882−3.1%
Est. 20182,963[3]2.8%
U.S. Decennial Census[14]
2015 Estimate[15]

2010 census

At the 2010 census there were 2,882 people, 1,151 households, and 698 families living in the city. The population density was 709.9 inhabitants per square mile (274.1/km2). There were 1,279 housing units at an average density of 315.0 per square mile (121.6/km2). The racial makup of the city was 75.9% White, 0.9% African American, 2.5% Native American, 6.8% Asian, 10.1% from other races, and 3.9% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 16.2%.[2]

Of the 1,151 households 29.4% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 42.9% were married couples living together, 10.4% had a female householder with no husband present, 7.3% had a male householder with no wife present, and 39.4% were non-families. 33.4% of households were one person and 15.2% were one person aged 65 or older. The average household size was 2.46 and the average family size was 3.10.

The median age was 41 years. 23.4% of residents were under the age of 18; 8.6% were between the ages of 18 and 24; 22.2% were from 25 to 44; 27.5% were from 45 to 64; and 18.4% were 65 or older. The gender makeup of the city was 49.9% male and 50.1% female.

2000 census

At the 2000 census there were 2,975 people, 1,192 households, and 760 families living in the city. The population density was 776.4 people per square mile (299.9/km²). There were 1,338 housing units at an average density of 349.2 per square mile (134.9/km²). The racial makup of the city was 83.70% White, 0.24% African American, 2.72% Native American, 7.06% Asian, 0.17% Pacific Islander, 3.16% from other races, and 2.96% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 9.18%.[4] 12.0% were of English, 11.6% German, 7.6% Irish, 6.0% American and 5.7% Polish ancestry according to Census 2000.

Of the 1,192 households 30.0% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 45.9% were married couples living together, 11.3% had a female householder with no husband present, and 36.2% were non-families. 30.8% of households were one person and 16.5% were one person aged 65 or older. The average household size was 2.44 and the average family size was 3.00.

The age distribution was 26.2% under the age of 18, 7.9% from 18 to 24, 23.5% from 25 to 44, 22.9% from 45 to 64, and 19.6% 65 or older. The median age was 40 years. For every 100 females, there were 96.0 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 94.0 males.

The median household income was $25,759 and the median family income was $33,984. Males had a median income of $29,402 versus $24,647 for females. The per capita income for the city was $13,910. About 17.2% of families and 24.6% of the population were below the poverty line, including 28.4% of those under age 18 and 20.7% of those age 65 or over.

See also

Sources

  • Pacific County Historical Society

External links

References

  1. ^ "2018 U.S. Gazetteer Files". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved February 16, 2020.
  2. ^ a b "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Archived from the original on 2020-02-12. Retrieved 2012-12-19.
  3. ^ a b "Population and Housing Unit Estimates". United States Census Bureau. June 27, 2019. Retrieved February 16, 2020.
  4. ^ a b "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Archived from the original on 2020-02-12. Retrieved 2008-01-31.
  5. ^ "Raymond". Geographic Names Information System. United States Geological Survey.
  6. ^ "Pacific County General Statistics".
  7. ^ Meany, Edmond S. (1923). Origin of Washington geographic names. Seattle: University of Washington Press. p. 241.
  8. ^ "Towering Song of 1998". 1998 Award and Induction Ceremony. Songwriters Hall of Fame. Retrieved 2013-07-23.
  9. ^ With the Lights Out#Track listing
  10. ^ "US Gazetteer files: 2010, 2000, and 1990". United States Census Bureau. 2011-02-12. Retrieved 2011-04-23.
  11. ^ "US Gazetteer files 2010". United States Census Bureau. Archived from the original on 2012-01-25. Retrieved 2012-12-19.
  12. ^ Climate Summary for Raymond, Washington
  13. ^ "RAYMOND 2 S, WASHINGTON (456914)". Western Regional Climate Center. Retrieved November 15, 2015.
  14. ^ United States Census Bureau. "Census of Population and Housing". Retrieved August 31, 2014.
  15. ^ "Population Estimates". United States Census Bureau. Archived from the original on October 19, 2016. Retrieved July 10, 2016.