Raymond, New Hampshire

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Raymond, New Hampshire
The Common (Lyman Memorial Park), 2013
The Common (Lyman Memorial Park), 2013
Official seal of Raymond, New Hampshire
Seal
Location in Rockingham County and the state of New Hampshire.
Location in Rockingham County and the state of New Hampshire.
Coordinates: 43°02′10″N 71°11′00″W / 43.03611°N 71.18333°W / 43.03611; -71.18333Coordinates: 43°02′10″N 71°11′00″W / 43.03611°N 71.18333°W / 43.03611; -71.18333
Country United States
State New Hampshire
County Rockingham
Incorporated 1764
Government
 • Board of Selectmen Jonathan Wood, Chair
John S. Barnes Jr.
Gregory Bemis
Wayne Welch
George Plante
 • Town Manager Craig Wheeler
Area
 • Total 29.6 sq mi (76.6 km2)
 • Land 28.8 sq mi (74.5 km2)
 • Water 0.8 sq mi (2.1 km2)  2.69%
Elevation 200 ft (61 m)
Population (2010)
 • Total 10,138
 • Estimate (2016) 10,285
 • Density 357/sq mi (138.0/km2)
Time zone Eastern (UTC-5)
 • Summer (DST) Eastern (UTC-4)
ZIP code 03077
Area code(s) 603
FIPS code 33-64020
GNIS feature ID 0873705
Website www.raymondnh.gov

Raymond is a town in Rockingham County, New Hampshire, United States. The population was 10,138 at the 2010 census,[1] and the estimated population in 2016 was 10,285.[2] Part of Pawtuckaway State Park is in the north.

The central village in town, where 2,855 people resided at the 2010 census,[3] is defined as the Raymond census-designated place (CDP), and is located along the Lamprey River near New Hampshire Route 27.

History[edit]

Main Street c. 1918

The town was first settled by families from Exeter as a parish of Chester, and known as "Freetown" because it was exempt from the usual obligation of reserving its tall pine trees for masts in the Royal English Navy. The town was incorporated in 1764 by Colonial Governor Benning Wentworth.

There are at least two theories regarding the source of the town's name. The earlier theory, stated by Joseph Fullonton in his History of Raymond, published 1875, is that the name was chosen as "a new and classical one". Fullonton relates that the original name of Freetown "arose from the ship timber business" where the king claimed the best trees. The locals had other ideas and took the trees and "being successful here, none molesting, they called it Freetown." Fullonton states that at incorporation in 1764, changing the name from "Freetown" to "Raymond" was "taking a new and classical one, shows that there are minds not disposed to tread all the time in one path, but capable of thinking and advancing," and that the word "Raymond" means "the lustrous, luminous or shining world."[4]

In a second theory, the town was named for Captain William Rayment, or Raymond, of Beverly, Massachusetts, who had raised a company of soldiers to fight in the war against Canada in 1690.[5] The Massachusetts General Court in 1735 granted Captain Raymond and his company a township called "Beverly-Canada" (now Weare) as payment for their services, but that claim was ruled invalid after New Hampshire separated from Massachusetts in 1741. So in 1767, heirs of the veterans were instead awarded land in Maine. Originally called "Raymondtown Plantation", it today composes the Maine towns of Raymond, Casco and part of Naples.

In 1906, Andrew Carnegie awarded a grant of $2,000 toward the construction of a Carnegie library in Raymond, and in 1908 the Dudley-Tucker Library opened overlooking the Common.

The Concord and Portsmouth Railroad line from Manchester to Portsmouth reached Raymond in 1861. The line later became the Portsmouth Branch of the Boston and Maine Railroad. Railroad service was abandoned in 1982 and the line is now a rail trail. The restored depot survives today as home to the Raymond Historical Society.

Geography[edit]

According to the United States Census Bureau, the town has a total area of 29.6 square miles (77 km2), of which 28.8 sq mi (75 km2) is land and 0.8 sq mi (2.1 km2) is water, comprising 2.69% of the town.[1] Raymond is drained by the Lamprey River. The highest point in town is Dumplingtown Hill, at 625 feet (191 m) above sea level, located near the town's western border.

The town is crossed by state routes 27, 101, 102, 107, and 156. It is bordered by the towns of Deerfield and Nottingham to the north, Epping and Fremont to the east, Chester to the south and Candia to the west.

Demographics[edit]

Historical population
Census Pop.
1790 727
1800 808 11.1%
1810 898 11.1%
1820 961 7.0%
1830 1,000 4.1%
1840 989 −1.1%
1850 1,256 27.0%
1860 1,269 1.0%
1870 1,121 −11.7%
1880 1,053 −6.1%
1890 1,131 7.4%
1900 1,100 −2.7%
1910 1,203 9.4%
1920 1,050 −12.7%
1930 1,165 11.0%
1940 1,340 15.0%
1950 1,428 6.6%
1960 1,867 30.7%
1970 3,003 60.8%
1980 5,453 81.6%
1990 8,713 59.8%
2000 9,674 11.0%
2010 10,138 4.8%
Est. 2015 10,285 [6] 1.4%
U.S. Decennial Census[7]
Dudley-Tucker Library in 1908, the year it opened

As of the census of 2010, there were 10,138 people, 3,925 households, and 2,796 families residing in the town. There were 4,254 housing units, of which 329, or 7.7%, were vacant. The racial makeup of the town was 97.0% white, 0.7% African American, 0.2% Native American, 0.6% Asian, 0.01% Native Hawaiian or Pacific Islander, 0.2% some other race, and 1.4% from two or more races. 1.1% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race.[8]

Of the 3,925 households, 32.3% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 55.7% were headed by married couples living together, 9.8% had a female householder with no husband present, and 28.8% were non-families. 20.8% of all households were made up of individuals, and 6.5% were someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.58, and the average family size was 2.98.[8]

In the town, 21.7% of the population were under the age of 18, 8.5% were from 18 to 24, 27.5% from 25 to 44, 32.7% from 45 to 64, and 9.5% were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 39.9 years. For every 100 females, there were 100.5 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 100.4 males.[8]

For the period 2011-2015, the estimated median annual income for a household was $64,490, and the median income for a family was $77,345. Male full-time workers had a median income of $52,104 versus $34,484 for females. The per capita income for the town was $29,476. 6.9% of the population and 3.6% of families were below the poverty line. 7.2% of the population under the age of 18 and 5.8% of those 65 or older were living in poverty.[9]

The Torrent Hose Company (fire station) in the town center

Sites of interest[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b "Geographic Identifiers: 2010 Demographic Profile Data (G001): Raymond town, Rockingham County, New Hampshire". American Factfinder. U.S. Census Bureau. Retrieved June 7, 2017. 
  2. ^ "Annual Estimates of the Resident Population: April 1, 2010, to July 1, 2016 (PEPANNRES): Minor Civil Divisions, New Hampshire". American Factfinder. U.S. Census Bureau. Retrieved June 7, 2017. 
  3. ^ "Geographic Identifiers: 2010 Demographic Profile Data (G001): Raymond CDP, New Hampshire". American Factfinder. U.S. Census Bureau. Retrieved June 7, 2017. 
  4. ^ Joseph Fullonton. History of Raymond, 1875.
  5. ^ Elmer Munson Hunt, New Hampshire Town Names and Whence They Came, 1970.
  6. ^ "Annual Estimates of the Resident Population for Incorporated Places: April 1, 2010 to July 1, 2015". Archived from the original on June 2, 2016. Retrieved July 2, 2016. 
  7. ^ "Census of Population and Housing". Census.gov. Retrieved June 4, 2016. 
  8. ^ a b c "Profile of General Population and Housing Characteristics: 2010 Census Summary File 1 (DP-1): Raymond town, Rockingham County, New Hampshire". American Factfinder. U.S. Census Bureau. Retrieved November 9, 2017. 
  9. ^ "Selected Economic Characteristics: 2011-2015 American Community Survey 5-Year Estimates (DP03): Raymond town, Rockingham County, New Hampshire". American Factfinder. U.S. Census Bureau. Retrieved November 9, 2017. 

Further reading[edit]

External links[edit]