Raymond Burr

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Raymond Burr
Perry-Mason-Look-1961.jpg
Raymond Burr (Perry Mason)
on the cover of Look (October 10, 1961)
Born Raymond William Stacy Burr
(1917-05-21)May 21, 1917
New Westminster, British Columbia, Canada
Died September 12, 1993( 1993-09-12) (aged 76)
Healdsburg, California, U.S.
Occupation Actor
Years active 1934–1993
Spouse(s) Isabella Ward
(married 1948–1952)
Partner(s) Robert Benevides (1960–1993)

Raymond William Stacy Burr (May 21, 1917 – September 12, 1993) was a Canadian-American actor, primarily known for his title roles in the television dramas Perry Mason and Ironside. He was prominently involved in multiple charitable endeavors, such as working on behalf of the United Service Organizations.

Burr's early acting career included roles on Broadway, radio, television and in film, usually as the villain. His portrayal of the suspected murderer in the Alfred Hitchcock thriller Rear Window (1954) is regarded as his best-known film role. He won two Emmy Awards, in 1959 and 1961, for the role of Perry Mason, which he played for nine seasons (1957–66) and reprised in a series of 26 television films (1985–93). His second hit TV series, Ironside, earned him six Emmy nominations and two Golden Globe nominations.

After Burr's death from cancer in 1993, his personal life came into question, as many details of his known biography appeared to be unverifiable.[1]

In 1996, Burr was listed as one of the 50 Greatest TV Stars of All Time by TV Guide. A 2014 study found that Burr was rated as the favorite actor by Netflix users, with the greatest number of dedicated microgenres.

Early life[edit]

Raymond William Stacy Burr[1][2][3]:1 was born May 21, 1917, in New Westminster, British Columbia, Canada.[4] His father, William Johnston Burr (1889–1985), was a hardware salesman;[5] his mother, Minerva Annette (née Smith, 1892–1974), was a pianist and music teacher who had been born in Chicago, Illinois.[6][7]:4–5, 13 Burr's ancestry included Irish, English, Scottish, and German.[8]

When Burr was six, his parents divorced. Burr's mother moved to Vallejo, California, with him and his younger siblings, Geraldine and James.[4] His father remained in New Westminster. Burr attended a military academy for a while and graduated from Berkeley High School.[7]:10–13

In later years, Burr freely invented stories of a happy childhood. In 1986 he told journalist Jane Ardmore that when he was 12 years old his mother sent him to New Mexico for a year to work as a ranch hand. He was already his full adult height and rather large and "had fallen in with a group of college-aged kids who didn't realize how young Raymond was, and they let him tag along with them in activities and situations far too sophisticated for him to handle." He developed a passion for growing things and, while still a teenager, and joined the Civilian Conservation Corps for a year.[9] Throughout his teenage years, he had some acting work, making his stage debut at age 12 with a Vancouver stock company.[4]

Theatre[edit]

Growing up during the Great Depression, Burr hoped to study acting at the Pasadena Playhouse, a renowned community theater and school in Pasadena, California, but he was unable to afford the tuition.[10] In 1934 he joined a repertory theatre group in Toronto that toured throughout Canada, then joined another company that toured India, Australia and England. He briefly attended Long Beach Junior College and taught for a semester at San Jose Junior College, working nights as a radio actor and singer. He also began his association with the Pasadena Playhouse[3]:9 in 1937.[11]

Burr moved to New York in 1940, and made his first Broadway appearance in Crazy With the Heat, a two-act musical revue produced by Kurt Kasznar that quickly folded.[12] His first starring role on the stage came in November 1942, when he was an emergency replacement in a Pasadena Playhouse production of Quiet Wedding, directed by Lenore Shanewise. He became a member of the Pasadena Playhouse drama faculty for 18 months, and he performed in some 30 plays over the years.[10][13] He returned to the Broadway stage for Patrick Hamilton's The Duke in Darkness (1944), a psychological drama set during the French Wars of Religion. Burr's performance as the loyal friend of the imprisoned protagonist led to a contract with RKO Radio Pictures.[3]:21–22

Film[edit]

Lars Thorwald realizes he is being watched across the courtyard via telephoto lens in Alfred Hitchcock's Rear Window, (1954), which offered Burr his most notable film role[4][14]

Burr appeared in more than 50 feature films between 1946 and 1957,[15] creating an array of villains that established him as an icon of film noir.[7]:34 Film historian Alain Silver concluded that Burr's most significant work in the genre is in these ten films: Desperate (1947), Sleep, My Love (1948), Raw Deal (1948), Pitfall (1948), Abandoned (1949), Red Light (1950), M (1951), His Kind of Woman (1951), The Blue Gardenia (1953) and Crime of Passion (1957).[16]:357 Silver described Burr's private detective in Pitfall as "both reprehensible and pathetic",[16]:228 a characterization also cited by film historian Richard Schickel as a prototype of film noir, in contrast with the appealing television characters for which Burr later became famous.[17]:43

"He tried to make you see the psychosis below the surface, even when the parts weren't huge," said film historian James Ursini. "He was able to bring such complexity and different levels to those characters, and create sympathy for his characters even though they were doing reprehensible things."[7]:36

Other titles in Burr's film noir legacy include Walk a Crooked Mile (1948), Borderline (1950), Unmasked (1950), The Whip Hand (1951), FBI Girl (1951), Meet Danny Wilson (1952), Rear Window (1954), They Were So Young (1954), A Cry in the Night (1956) and Affair in Havana (1957). Beyond noir, Burr's villains were also seen in Westerns, period dramas, horror films and adventure films.[18]

"I was just a fat heavy," Burr told journalist James Bawden. "I split the heavy parts with Bill Conrad. We were both in our twenties playing much older men. I never got the girl but I once got the gorilla in a 3-D picture called Gorilla at Large. I menaced Claudette Colbert, Lizabeth Scott, Paulette Goddard, Anne Baxter, Barbara Stanwyck. Those girls would take one look at me and scream and can you blame them? I was drowned, beaten, stabbed and all for my art. But I knew I was horribly overweight. I lacked any kind of self esteem. At 25 I was playing the fathers of people older than me."[19]

Burr's occasional roles on the right side of the law include the aggressive prosecutor in A Place in the Sun (1951).[18] His courtroom performance in that film made an impression on Gail Patrick[20] and her husband Cornwell Jackson, who had Burr in mind when they began casting the role of Los Angeles district attorney Hamilton Burger in the CBS-TV series Perry Mason.[21]:8399

Radio[edit]

As a young man Burr weighed more than 300 lbs., which limited his on-screen roles. "But in radio this presented no problems, given the magnificent quality of his voice," reported The Globe and Mail. "He played romantic leads and menacing villains with equal authority, and he earned a steady and comfortable income."[22]

Working steadily in radio since the 1940s, often uncredited,[3]:179–185 Burr was a leading player on the West Coast.[23] He had a regular role in Jack Webb's first radio show, Pat Novak for Hire (1949),[24]:534 and in Dragnet (1949–50) he played Joe Friday's boss, Ed Backstrand, chief of detectives.[24]:208[25] Burr worked on other Los Angeles-based series including Suspense,[26] Screen Directors Playhouse,[27] Yours Truly, Johnny Dollar,[28] Family Theater,[29] Hallmark Playhouse[30] and Hallmark Hall of Fame.[31] He performed in five episodes of the experimental dramatic radio anthology series CBS Radio Workshop, and had what is arguably his best radio role in "The Silent Witness" (1957), in which his is the only voice.[3]:180[32][33]

In 1956 Burr was the star of CBS Radio's Fort Laramie, an adult Western drama produced, written and directed by the creators of Gunsmoke. He played the role of Lee Quince, captain of the cavalry, in the series set at a post-Civil War military post where disease, boredom, the elements and the uncharted terrain were the greatest enemies of "ordinary men who lived in extraordinary times".[24]:258–259[34] The half-hour transcribed program aired Sundays at 5:30 p.m. ET January 22 – October 28, 1956.[24]:258–259[35] Burr told columnist Sheilah Graham that he had received 1,500 fan letters after the first broadcasts,[36] and he continued to receive letters praising the show's authenticity and presentation of human dignity.[37] In August 1956, CBS announced that Burr would star in the television series Perry Mason.[38] Although the network wanted Burr to continue work on Fort Laramie, as well, the TV series required an extraordinary commitment and the radio show ended.[39]

Known for his loyalty and consciousness of history, Burr went out of his way to employ his radio colleagues in his television programs.[23] Some 180 radio celebrities appeared on Perry Mason during the first season alone.[40]

Television[edit]

Burr emerged as a prolific television character actor in the 1950s. He made his television debut in 1951, appearing in episodes of Stars Over Hollywood,[41] The Bigelow Theatre,[42] Family Theater[43] and the debut episode of Dragnet.[44] He went on to appear in such programs as Gruen Playhouse,[45] Four Star Playhouse,[46] Ford Theatre,[47] Lux Video Theatre,[48] Mr. and Mrs. North,[49] Schlitz Playhouse of Stars[50] and Playhouse 90.[51]

Perry Mason[edit]

Burr (age 40) and Kathleen Crowley (age 28) in the Perry Mason episode "The Case of the Lonely Heiress" (February 1, 1958).

In 1956, at the age of 39, Burr auditioned for the role of District Attorney Hamilton Burger in Perry Mason, a new CBS-TV courtroom drama based on the highly successful novels by Erle Stanley Gardner. Impressed with his courtroom performance in the film A Place in the Sun (1951), executive producer Gail Patrick Jackson told Burr he was perfect for Perry Mason, but at least 60 pounds (27 kg; 4.3 st) overweight. Over the next month, Burr went on a crash diet. When he returned, he tested as Perry Mason and won the role.[20] While Burr's test was running, Gardner reportedly stood up, pointed at the screen, and said: "That's Perry Mason."[21]:8403

William Hopper also auditioned as Mason, but was cast instead as private detective Paul Drake.[52] Also starring were: Barbara Hale as Della Street, Mason's secretary; William Talman as Hamilton Burger, the district attorney who loses nearly every case to Mason; and Ray Collins as homicide detective Lieutenant Arthur Tragg.[20]

Burr received three consecutive Emmy Award nominations and won the award in 1959 and 1961 for his performance as Perry Mason.[53]

The series ran from 1957 to 1966. The series has been rerun in syndication ever since. Beginning in 2006, the series has become available on DVD, with each calendar year having the release of one season as two separate volumes. The ninth and final season's DVD sets became available in 2013.[54]

Although Burr's character is often said never to have lost a case, he did lose two murder cases in early episodes of the series: once when his client misled him; and another time when his client was later cleared.[54]

Ironside[edit]

Burr and Victoria Shaw in Ironside (1969)

Burr moved from CBS to Universal Studios, where he played the title role in the television drama Ironside, which ran on NBC. In the pilot episode, San Francisco Chief of Detectives Robert T. Ironside is wounded by a sniper during an attempt on his life and is left an invalid in a wheelchair. This role gave Burr another hit series, the first crime drama show ever to star a police officer with a disability. The show, which ran from 1967 to 1975, earned Burr six Emmy nominations—one for the pilot and five for his work in the series[53][55]—and two Golden Globe nominations.[56]

Other series[edit]

Mariette Hartley (age 37) and Burr (age 60) in Kingston: Confidential (1977).

After Ironside went off the air, NBC failed in two attempts to launch Burr as the star of a new series. In a two-hour television movie format, Mallory: Circumstantial Evidence aired in February 1976 with Burr again in the role of the lawyer who outwits the district attorney. Despite good reviews for Burr, the critical reception was poor, and NBC decided against developing it into a series.[7]:177–178[57]

In 1977, Burr starred in the short-lived TV series Kingston: Confidential as R.B. Kingston, a William Randolph Hearst-esque publishing magnate, owner of numerous newspapers and TV stations, who, in his spare time, solved crimes along with a group of employees. It was a critical failure that was scheduled opposite the extraordinarily popular Charlie's Angels. It was cancelled after 13 weeks.[7]:178–180[58]

Burr took on a shorter project next, playing an underworld boss in a six-hour miniseries, 79 Park Avenue.[59]

One last attempt to launch a series followed on CBS. The two-hour premiere of The Jordan Chance aroused little interest.[7]:183[60]

On January 20, 1987, Burr hosted the television special that later served as the pilot for the long-running series Unsolved Mysteries.[61]

Television films[edit]

In 1985, Burr was approached by producers Dean Hargrove and Fred Silverman to star in a made-for-TV movie, Perry Mason Returns.[62] The same week, Burr recalled, he was asked to reprise the role he played in Godzilla, King of the Monsters! (1956),[63] in a low-budget film that would be titled Godzilla 1985.[64]

"When they asked me to do it a second time, I said, 'Certainly,' and everybody thought I was out of my mind," Burr told Tom Shales of The Washington Post. "But it wasn't the large sum of money. It was the fact that, first of all, I kind of liked 'Godzilla,' and where do you get the opportunity to play yourself 30 years later? So I said yes to both of them."[64]

He agreed to do the Mason movie if Barbara Hale returned to reprise her role as Della Street.[65] Hale agreed and when Perry Mason Returns aired in December 1985, her character became the defendant.[62] The rest of the principal cast had died, but Hale's real-life son William Katt played the role of Paul Drake, Jr.[62] The movie was so successful that Burr made a total of 26 Perry Mason television films before his death.[14] Many were filmed in and around Denver, Colorado.[66]

By 1993, when Burr signed with NBC for another season of Mason films, he was using a wheelchair full-time because of his failing health. In his final Perry Mason movie, The Case of the Killer Kiss, he was shown either sitting or standing while leaning on a table, but only once standing unsupported for a few seconds.[67] Twelve more Mason movies were scheduled before Burr's death, including one scheduled to film the month he died.[68]

As he had with the Perry Mason TV movies, Burr decided to do an Ironside reunion movie. The Return of Ironside aired in May 1993, reuniting the entire original cast of the 1967–75 series.[69] Like many of the Mason movies, it was set and filmed in Denver.[68]

Personal life[edit]

Physical characteristics[edit]

Burr said that he weighed 12.75 pounds at birth, and was chubby throughout his childhood. "When you're a little fat boy in public school, or any kind of school, you're just persecuted something awful," he remembered.[64]

Burr's weight, always an issue for him in getting roles, became a public relations problem when Johnny Carson began making jokes about him during his Tonight Show monologues. Burr refused to appear as Carson's guest from then on and told Us Weekly years later: "I have been asked a number of times to do his show and I won't do it. Because I like NBC. He's doing an NBC show. If I went on I'd have some things to say, not just about the bad jokes he's done about me, but bad jokes he does about everybody who can't fight back because they aren't there. And that wouldn't be good for NBC."[7]:184 In later life, his distinctive physique and manner could be used as a reference that would be universally recognized. One journal for librarians published a writer's opinion that "asking persons without cataloging experience to design automated catalogs … is as practical as asking Raymond Burr to pole vault."[70] A character in a 1989 short story refers to Burr as "grossly overweight" in Ironside.[71]

Family life[edit]

Isabella Ward as a student at the Pasadena Playhouse (1940)

Burr married actress Isabella Ward (1919–2004)[72] on January 10, 1948.[73] They had met in 1943 while Ward was a student at the Pasadena Playhouse, where Burr was teaching. They met again in 1947, when Ward was in California with a short-lived theatre company. They were married shortly before Burr began work on the 1948 film noir Pitfall.[74]:75–76 In May 1948 they appeared on stage together, in a Pasadena Playhouse production based on the life of Paul Gauguin.[3]:30–31 The couple lived in a basement apartment in a large house in Hollywood that Burr shared with his mother and grandparents. The marriage ended within months, and Ward returned to her native Delaware.[74]:77 They divorced in 1952, and neither remarried.[7]:26–30

In the mid-1950s, Burr met Robert Benevides (born February 9, 1930, Visalia, California)[75] a young actor and Korean War veteran, on the set of Perry Mason. According to Benevides, they became a couple around 1960. Benevides gave up acting in 1963[7]:102–103, 120[76] and later became a production consultant for 21 of the Perry Mason TV movies.[77] Together they owned and operated an orchid business and then a vineyard,[78] in the Dry Creek Valley in California. They were partners until Burr's death in 1993.[77] Burr left Benevides his entire estate, including "all my jewelry, clothing, books, works of art … and other items of a personal nature."[7]:216–217 Benevides subsequently renamed the Dry Creek property Raymond Burr Vineyards (reportedly against Burr's wishes) and managed it as a commercial enterprise.[76] In 2016 the property was listed for sale.[79]

Biographical contradictions[edit]

At various times in his career, Burr and his managers and publicists offered spurious or unverifiable biographical details to the press and public. He may have served in the Coast Guard; reports of his service in the United States Navy cannot be confirmed, nor can his statements[80] that he sustained battle injuries at Okinawa.[7]:57–58[81][a] Other invented biographical details include years of college education at a variety of institutions, being widowed twice, a son who died young, world travel, an acting tour of the United Kingdom, and success in high school athletics.[7]:17, 20, 23–24, 40–41 Most of these claims were accepted as fact by the press at the time of his death[4][14] and by his first biographer, Ona Hill.[3]:27[b]

Burr was reportedly married at the beginning of World War II to a British actress named Annette Sutherland[82]—killed, Burr said, in the same 1943 plane crash that claimed the life of actor Leslie Howard. However, multiple sources have reported that no one by that name appears on any of the published passenger manifests from the flight.[3]:19–20 A son supposedly born during this marriage, Michael Evan, was said to have died of leukemia in 1953 at the age of ten.[3][4][14] Another marriage purportedly took place in the early 1950s to a Laura Andrina Morgan—who died of cancer, Burr said, in 1955.[81] Yet no evidence exists of either marriage, nor of a son's birth, other than Burr's own claims.[7]:44–45 As late as 1991, Burr stood by the account of his son's life and death; he told Parade magazine that when he realized Michael was dying, he took him on a one-year tour of the United States. "Before my boy left, before his time was gone," he said, "I wanted him to see the beauty of his country and its people."[14] After Burr's death, his publicist confirmed that Burr worked in Hollywood throughout the year that he was supposedly touring with his son.[7]:216

In the late 1950s, Burr was rumored to be romantically involved with Natalie Wood.[1] Wood's agent sent her on public dates so she could be noticed by directors and producers and so the men she dated could present themselves in public as heterosexuals. The dates also helped to disguise Wood's relationship with Robert Wagner, whom she later married.[7]:64–70[83]:205–206 Burr felt enough attraction to Wood to resent Warner Bros.' decision to promote her attachment to Tab Hunter rather than him. Robert Benevides later said, "He was a little bitter about it. He was really in love with her, I guess."[84]:214[c]

Later accounts of Burr's life explain that he hid his homosexuality to protect his career.[76] "That was a time in Hollywood history when homosexuality was not countenanced," Associated Press reporter Bob Thomas recalled in a 2000 episode of Biography. "Ray was not a romantic star by any means, but he was a very popular figure … If it was revealed at that time in Hollywood history it would have been very difficult for him to continue."[7]:119[d]

Arthur Marks, a producer of Perry Mason, recalled Burr's talk of wives and children: "I know he was just putting on a show. … That was my gut feeling. I think the wives and the loving women, the Natalie Wood thing, were a bit of a cover."[7]:100 Dean Hargrove, executive producer of the Perry Mason television films, said in 2006, "I had always assumed that Raymond was gay, because he had a relationship with Robert Benevides for a very long time. Whether or not he had relationships with women, I had no idea. I did know that I had trouble keeping track of whether he was married or not in these stories. Raymond had the ability to mythologize himself, to some extent, and some of his stories about his past … tended to grow as time went by."[7]:214

Hobbies and businesses[edit]

Burr had many hobbies over the course of his life: cultivating orchids and collecting wine, art, stamps, and seashells. He was very fond of cooking.[4] He was also interested in flying, sailing, and fishing. According to A&E Biography, Burr was an avid reader with a retentive memory. He was also among the earliest importers and breeders of Portuguese Water Dogs in the United States.[86]

Raymond Burr Vineyards

He developed his interest in cultivating and hybridizing orchids into a business with Benevides. Over 20 years, their company, Sea God Nurseries, had nurseries in Fiji, Hawaii, the Azores, and California, and was responsible for adding more than 1,500 new orchids to the worldwide catalog.[citation needed] Burr named one of them the "Barbara Hale Orchid" after his Perry Mason costar.[citation needed] Burr and Benevides cultivated Cabernet Sauvignon, Chardonnay, and Port grapes, as well as orchids, at Burr's farmland holdings in Sonoma County, California.[87]

In 1965, Burr purchased the Naitauba, a 4,000-acre (16 km2) island in Fiji, rich in seashells. There, he and Benevides oversaw the raising of copra (coconut meat) and cattle, as well as orchids.[76][87] Burr planned to retire there permanently. However, medical problems made that impossible and he sold the property in 1983.[88]

Philanthropy[edit]

Burr was a well-known philanthropist.[3]:149[89] He gave enormous sums of money, including his salaries from the Perry Mason movies, to charity. He was also known for sharing his wealth with friends. He sponsored 26 foster children through the Foster Parents' Plan or Save The Children, many with the greatest medical needs.[9] He also gave money and some of his Perry Mason scripts to the McGeorge School of Law in Sacramento, California.[90]

A view of the Bailey-Matthews National Shell Museum in Sanibel, Florida, with the Raymond Burr Memorial Garden in the foreground, December 2011

Burr was an early supporter of the Bailey-Matthews National Shell Museum in Sanibel, Florida, raising funds and chairing its first capital campaign.[91] He also donated a large collection of Fijian cowries and cones from his island in Fiji.[92] In 1993, Sonoma State University awarded Burr an honorary doctorate.[93] He supported medical and education institutions in Denver, and in 1993, the University of Colorado awarded him an honorary doctorate for his acting work.[7]:197–198 Burr also founded and financed the American Fijian Foundation that funded academic research, including efforts to develop a dictionary of the language.[94]

Burr made repeated trips on behalf of the United Service Organizations (USO). He toured both Korea and Vietnam during wartime and once spent six months touring Korea, Japan, and the Philippines. He sometimes organized his own troupe and toured bases both in the U.S. and overseas, often small installations that the USO did not serve, like one tour of Greenland, Baffinland, Newfoundland and Labrador.[7]:53–57 Returning from Vietnam in 1965, he made a speaking tour of the U.S. to advocate an intensified war effort. As the war became more controversial, he modified his tone, called for more attention to the sacrifice of the troops, and said, "My only position on the war is that I wish it were over." In October 1967, NBC aired Raymond Burr Visits Vietnam, a documentary of one of his visits. The reception was mixed. "The impressions he came up with are neither weighty nor particularly revealing", wrote the Chicago Tribune; the Los Angeles Times called Burr's questions "intelligent and elicited some interesting replies".[7]:160–161

Burr had a reputation in Hollywood as a thoughtful, generous man years before much of his more-visible philanthropic work. In 1960, Ray Collins, who portrayed Lt. Arthur Tragg on the original Perry Mason series, and who was by that time often ill and unable to remember all the lines he was supposed to speak, stated, "There is nothing but kindness from our star, Ray Burr. Part of his life is dedicated to us, and that's no bull. If there's anything the matter with any of us, he comes around before anyone else and does what he can to help. He's a great star—in the old tradition."[95]

Illness and death[edit]

During the filming of his last Perry Mason movie in the spring of 1993, Raymond Burr fell ill. A Viacom spokesperson told the media that the illness might be related to the renal cell carcinoma (malignant kidney tumor) that Burr had removed that February.[68] It was determined that the cancer had spread to his liver and was at that point inoperable.[96] Burr threw several "goodbye parties" before his death on September 12, 1993, at his Sonoma County ranch near Healdsburg.[4] He was 76 years old.

The day after Burr's death, American Bar Association president R. William Ide III released a statement: "Raymond Burr's portrayals of Perry Mason represented lawyers in a professional and dignified manner. … Mr. Burr strove for such authenticity in his courtroom characterizations that we regard his passing as though we lost one of our own."[97] The New York Times reported that Perry Mason had been named second—after F. Lee Bailey, and before Abraham Lincoln, Thurgood Marshall, Janet Reno, Ben Matlock and Hillary Clinton—in a recent National Law Journal poll that asked Americans to name the attorney, fictional or not, they most admired.[54]

Burr was interred with his parents at Fraser Cemetery, New Westminster, British Columbia. On October 1, 1993, about 600 family members and friends paid tribute to Burr at a private memorial service at the Pasadena Playhouse.[98]

Although Burr had not revealed his homosexuality during his lifetime, it was an open secret[7]:119 and was reported in the press upon his death.[99] The Pittsburgh Post-Gazette wrote that People magazine was preparing a story on Burr's "secret life"[1] and asked, "Are the inevitable rumors true?"[100] It received sensational treatment in the tabloid press; biographer Michael Starr wrote of the "wild stories about Raymond's private life spiced up with quotes from unidentified 'friends' who described his closeted homosexual lifestyle in almost cartoonish terms."[7]:216

Burr bequeathed his estate to Robert Benevides and excluded all relatives, including a sister, nieces, and nephews. His will was challenged, without success, by the two children of his late brother, James E. Burr.[7]:216–218 Benevides' attorney said that tabloid reports of an estate worth $32 million were an overestimate.[101][102]

Accolades[edit]

For his work in the TV series Perry Mason, Burr received the Emmy Award for Best Actor in a Leading Role (Continuing Character) in a Dramatic Series at the 11th Primetime Emmy Awards in 1959. Nominated again in 1960, he received his second Emmy Award for Outstanding Performance by an Actor in a Series (Lead) at the 13th Primetime Emmy Awards in 1961.[53]

Burr was named Favorite Male Performer, for Perry Mason, in TV Guide magazine's inaugural TV Guide Award readers poll in 1960.[103] He also received the second annual award in 1961.[104][105]

In 1960 Burr was awarded a star on the Hollywood Walk of Fame at 6656 Hollywood Blvd.[106]

Burr received six Emmy nominations (1968–72) for his work in the TV series Ironside.[53] He was nominated twice, in 1969 and 1972, for the Golden Globe Award for Best Actor – Television Series Drama.[56]

A benefactor of legal education, Burr was principal speaker at the founders banquet of the Thomas M. Cooley Law School in Lansing, Michigan, in June 1973. The Raymond Burr Award for Excellence in Criminal Law was established in his honor.[54][107]

Burr was ranked #44 on TV Guide's 50 Greatest TV Stars of All Time in 1996.[108]

Completed in 1996, a circular garden at the entrance to the Bailey-Matthews National Shell Museum in Sanibel, Florida, honors Burr for his role in establishing the museum. Burr was a trustee and an early supporter who chaired the museum's first capital campaign and made direct contributions from his collection.[91][109] A display about Burr as an actor, benefactor and collector opened in the museum's Great Hall of Shells in 2012.[110]

From 2000 to 2006, the Raymond Burr Performing Arts Society leased the historic Columbia Theatre from the city of New Westminster, and renamed it the Raymond Burr Performing Arts Centre. Although the nonprofit organization hoped to raise funds to renovate and expand the venue, its contract was not renewed. The group was a failed bidder when the theater was sold in 2011.[111][112][113][114]

In 2008, Canada Post issued a postage stamp in its "Canadians in Hollywood" series featuring Burr.[115] Burr received the 2009 Canadian Legends Award and a star on Canada's Walk of Fame in Toronto. The induction ceremony was held on September 12, 2009.[116]

A 2014 article in The Atlantic that examined how Netflix categorized nearly 77,000 different personalized genres found that Burr was rated as the favorite actor by Netflix users,[117][118] with the greatest number of dedicated microgenres.[119]

Theatre credits[edit]

Date Title Role Notes
December 26, 1940 Crazy With the Heat Boston[3]:12
January 14–18, 1941 Crazy With the Heat 44th Street Theatre, New York City[12]
November 11–22, 1942 Quiet Wedding Chaytor, DallasDallas Chaytor Pasadena Playhouse, directed by Lenore Shanewise[3]:14[13]
December 23, 1942 – January 3, 1943 Charley's Aunt Pasadena Playhouse[120]
February – February 21, 1943 Arsenic and Old Lace Brewster, JonathanJonathan Brewster Pasadena Playhouse[3]:14[121]
March–April 1943 Jason Ambler, MikeMike Ambler Pasadena Playhouse, directed by Onslow Stevens[122]
July 1943 Intimate Strangers, TheThe Intimate Strangers Ames, Mr.Mr. Ames Pasadena Playhouse, directed by Lenore Shanewise[123][124]
July–August 1943 Monsieur Beaucaire Pasadena Playhouse[125]
January 24 – February 12, 1944 Duke in Darkness, TheThe Duke in Darkness Voulain Playhouse Theatre, New York City[126]
June 12–23, 1946 While the Sun Shines Pasadena Playhouse[127]
December 1, 1946 – Murder Without Crime Pasadena Playhouse, directed by Raymond Burr (also actor)[3]:23
January 21 – February 15, 1947 Miss Julie Jean Forrest Theatre, Philadelphia; Plymouth Theatre, Boston; Shubert Theatre, New Haven, Connecticut[128][129]
May 26, 1948 – Gauguin Gauguin, PaulPaul Gauguin Pasadena Playhouse, directed by Catherine Turney[3]:30–31[130]
June 11 – July 15, 1962 Critic's Choice Suburbs of Detroit and Chicago[131]
1983 Underground Tour including Royal Alexandra Theatre, Toronto, Theatre Royal, York and Prince of Wales Theatre, London[132]

Film credits[edit]

Year Title Role Notes
1940 Earl of Puddlestone Mrs. Millicent Potter's chauffeur [3]:11
1946 San Quentin Jeff Torrance [15]
1946 Without Reservations Paul Gill [15]
1947 Code of the West Boyd Carter [15]
1947 Desperate Walt Radak [15]
1948 I Love Trouble Herb [15]
1948 Sleep, My Love Sgt. Strake [15]
1948 Ruthless Peter Vendig [15]
1948 Fighting Father Dunne Prosecuting attorney [15]
1948 Raw Deal Rick Coyle [15]
1948 Pitfall J. B. MacDonald [15]
1948 Walk a Crooked Mile Krebs [15]
1948 Station West Mark Bristow [15]
1948 Adventures of Don Juan Captain Alvarez [15]
1949 Bride of Vengeance Michelotto [15]
1949 Red Light Nick Cherney [15]
1949 Black Magic Dumas, Jr. [15]
1949 Abandoned Kerric [15]
1949 Love Happy Alphonse Zoto [15]
1950 Borderline Pete Richie [15]
1950 Unmasked Roger Lewis [15]
1950 Key to the City Les Taggart [15]
1951 M Pottsy [15]
1951 His Kind of Woman Nick Ferraro [15]
1951 Place in the Sun, AA Place in the Sun District Attorney R. Frank Marlowe [15]
1951 New Mexico Pvt. Anderson [15]
1951 Bride of the Gorilla Barney Chavez [15]
1951 Magic Carpet, TheThe Magic Carpet Boreg [15]
1951 Whip Hand, TheThe Whip Hand Steve Loomis [15]
1951 FBI Girl Blake [15]
1952 Meet Danny Wilson Nick Driscoll [15]
1952 Mara Maru Benedict [15]
1952 Horizons West Cord Hardin [15]
1953 Bandits of Corsica, TheThe Bandits of Corsica Baron Cesare Jonatto [15]
1953 Blue Gardenia, TheThe Blue Gardenia Harry Prebble [15]
1953 Serpent of the Nile Marc Antony [15]
1953 Tarzan and the She-Devil Vargo [15]
1953 Fort Algiers Amir [15]
1954 Casanova's Big Night Bragadin [15]
1954 Immortal City, TheThe Immortal City Narrator Documentary[15]
1954 Gorilla at Large Cyrus Miller [15]
1954 Rear Window Lars Thorwald [15]
1954 Thunder Pass Tulsa [15]
1954 Khyber Patrol Ahmed [15]
1954 Passion Capt. Rodriguez [15]
1955 They Were So Young Jaime Coltos [15]
1955 You're Never Too Young Noonan [15]
1955 Man Alone, AA Man Alone Stanley [15]
1955 Count Three and Pray Yancy Huggins [15]
1956 Please Murder Me Craig Carlson [15]
1956 Godzilla, King of the Monsters! Steve Martin [15]
1956 Great Day in the Morning Jumbo Means [15]
1956 Secret of Treasure Mountain Cash Larsen [15]
1956 Cry in the Night, AA Cry in the Night Harold Loftus [15]
1956 Brass Legend, TheThe Brass Legend Tris Hatten [15]
1957 Crime of Passion Tony Pope [15]
1957 Ride the High Iron Ziggy Moline Pilot for proposed ABC-TV series Command Performance, released as a feature film[15][133]:56
1957 Affair in Havana Mal Mallabee [15]
1960 Desire in the Dust Col. Ben Marquand [15]
1961 "Interrupted Morning" Himself (introduction) Short film on traffic safety for the U.S. Public Health Service[134][135]
1962 "When Sally Fell" Himself (introduction, conclusion) Short film on home safety[135][136]
1962 "Look Alive" Himself Short film on pedestrian safety[135]
1962 "Midsummer's Nightmare" Himself Short film on water safety[135]
1962 "Giant Steps" Himself Short film on child safety[135]
1962 "Why Daddy?" Himself Short film on fire prevention[135]
1962 "No Defense" Himself Short film on community organization for accident prevention[135]
1968 P. J. William Orbison [15]
1980 Out of the Blue Dr. Brean [137]
1980 Return, TheThe Return Dr. Kramer [138]
1982 Airplane II: The Sequel The Judge [15]
1985 Godzilla 1985 Steve Martin Nominee, Golden Raspberry Award for Worst Supporting Actor[7]:71, 226[139]
1991 Showdown at Williams Creek Judge Webster [140]
1991 Delirious Carter Hedison [15]

Radio credits[edit]

Date Title Role Notes
December 30, 1947 Favorite Story "The Suicide Club"[141]
October 18, 1948 New Adventures of Michael Shayne, TheThe New Adventures of Michael Shayne "The Case of the Eager Victim"[142]
October 26, 1948 Favorite Story "The Jest of Hahalaba"[141]
November 4, 1948 Suspense "Death Sentence"[26]
December 25, 1948 Wrigley Christmas Party [143]
January 23, 1949 Screen Directors Playhouse "The Exile"[27]
February 13 – June 26, 1949 Pat Novak, for Hire Hellman, InspectorInspector Hellman [24]:534[144]
February 17, 1949 Suspense "Catch Me If You Can"[26]
April 21, 1949 Suspense "The Copper Tea Strainer"[26]
May 15, 1949 Screen Directors Playhouse "Hold Back the Dawn"[27]
June 17, 1949 – August 24, 1950 Dragnet Backstrand, EdEd Backstrand [24]:208[25]
July 16, 1949 Dangerous Assignment "Sunken Ships"[145][146]
August 24, 1949 Family Theater "Robert of Sicily"[29]
September 21, 1949 Amazing Mr. Malone, TheThe Amazing Mr. Malone Conrad, PaulPaul Conrad "The Paul Conrad Case"[147]
September 27, 1949 – Dr. Kildare Repertory cast Eight transcribed episodes[24]:205[148]
October 17, 1949 Screen Directors Playhouse MacDonald "Pitfall"[3]:179[27]
November 23, 1949 Family Theater "The Courtship of Miles Standish"[29]
January 25, 1950 Family Theater "Lodging for the Night"[29]
February 19, 1950 Amazing Mr. Malone, TheThe Amazing Mr. Malone Walsh, AlanAlan Walsh "When the Cat's Away the Mice Will Play"[147]
March 8, 1950 Family Theater "The Prince and the Pauper"[29]
March 24, 1950 Screen Directors Playhouse "Chicago Deadline"[27]
April 7, 1950 Screen Directors Playhouse "The Fighting O'Flynn"[27]
April 11, 1950 Yours Truly, Johnny Dollar "The Dead First Helpers"[28]
May 9, 1950 Yours Truly, Johnny Dollar "The Harold Trandem Matter"[28]
June 28, 1950 Family Theater "Lancelot of the Lake"[29]
July 20, 1950 Yours Truly, Johnny Dollar "The Henry J. Unger Matter"[28]
July 26, 1950 Family Theater "Julius Caesar"[29]
August 10, 1950 Yours Truly, Johnny Dollar "The Hartford Alliance Matter"[28]
September 21, 1950 Presenting Charles Boyer "The Adventure of Painting 137"[149]
October 7, 1950 Yours Truly, Johnny Dollar "The Richard Splain Matter"[28]
October 16, 1950 Lux Radio Theatre "House of Strangers"[150]
October 28, 1950 Yours Truly, Johnny Dollar "The Joan Sebastian Matter"[28]
November 11, 1950 Yours Truly, Johnny Dollar "The Adam Kegg Matter"[28]
November 15, 1950 Family Theater "The Story of Peter Zenger"[29]
November 16, 1950 Lineup, TheThe Lineup "The Candy Store Murder"[151]
December 6, 1950 Family Theater "Robert of Sicily"[29]
December 21, 1950 Lineup, TheThe Lineup "The Holstedter Case"[151]
December 28, 1950 Screen Directors Playhouse "Alias Nick Beal"[27]
1950 This Is the Story "Hometown U.S.A.: Seattle, Washington"[152]
January 4, 1951 Screen Directors Playhouse "Prince of Foxes"[27]
January 11, 1951 Lineup, TheThe Lineup "The Mad Bomber"[151]
March 24, 1951 Dangerous Assignment "Loaded Dynamite with a Lit Fuse"[145][146]
April 19, 1951 Pendleton Story, TheThe Pendleton Story "The Declaration"[153]
April 24, 1951 Lineup, TheThe Lineup "The Brommel and Bellows Bloody Bullet Case"[151]
June 15, 1951 Pendleton Story, TheThe Pendleton Story "The Warning"[153]
July 18, 1951 Escape "Macao"[154]
October 28, 1951 Silent Men, TheThe Silent Men "The Case of the Rubber Gloves"[155]
November 8, 1951 Hallmark Playhouse "Twenty-Thousand Leagues Under the Sea"[30]
1951 Pendleton Story, TheThe Pendleton Story "The Mischianza"[153]
February 24, 1952 Whistler, TheThe Whistler "A Matter of Time"[156]
March 9, 1952 Whistler, TheThe Whistler "Breakaway"[156]
April 4, 1952 Richard Diamond, Private Detective "The Enigma of Big Ed"[157]
April 7, 1952 Pendleton Story, TheThe Pendleton Story "The Homecoming"[153]
April 16, 1952 Pendleton Story, TheThe Pendleton Story "The Child"[153]
May 1, 1952 Hallmark Playhouse "Lorna Doone"[30]
May 15, 1952 Hallmark Playhouse "The Marquis de Lafayette"[30]
May 22, 1952 Hallmark Playhouse "Marcia Burns"[30]
May 26, 1952 Railroad Hour, TheThe Railroad Hour "My Maryland"[158]
June 10, 1952 Lineup, TheThe Lineup "Lobdell's Poodle-Cut Tomato Case"[151]
July 17, 1952 Night Beat "Taste of Peaches"[159][160]
July 22, 1952 Lineup, TheThe Lineup "The Drinkler Kidnapping Case"[151]
August 25, 1952 Dangerous Assignment "Port Said"[145][146]
September 7, 1952 Whistler, TheThe Whistler "The Secret of Chalk Point"[156]
October 8, 1952 Lineup, TheThe Lineup "The Teacher's Pet"[151]
November 23, 1952 Errand of Mercy "Jimmy is for Luck"[161]
January 30, 1953 Yours Truly, Johnny Dollar "The Kay Bellamy Matter"[28]
August 10, 1953 Railroad Hour, TheThe Railroad Hour "Trilby"[158]
August 23, 1953 Richard Diamond, Private Detective "The Hollywood Story"[157]
September 20, 1953 Hallmark Hall of Fame "George Gershwin"[31]
September 26, 1953 Romance "Treadmill"[162]
September 30, 1953 Family Theater "Journey of the Pegasus"[29]
October 18, 1953 Hallmark Hall of Fame "Joseph McCoy"[31]
November 22, 1953 Hallmark Hall of Fame "Squanto, The Cockney Indian"[31]
December 6, 1953 Hallmark Hall of Fame "Major Charles Yeager"[31]
March 2, 1954 Rocky Fortune "Honor Among Thieves"[163]
March 24, 1954 Family Theater "Night Caller"[29]
October 27, 1954 Family Theater Narrator "The Hound of Heaven"[29]
January 12, 1955 Family Theater "Stranger in Town"[29]
January 22 – October 28, 1956 Fort Laramie Quince, LeeLee Quince [24]:258–259[164]
March 9, 1956 CBS Radio Workshop "Report on ESP"[165]
May 25, 1956 CBS Radio Workshop Narrator "The Little Prince"[32][165]
December 30, 1956 Yours Truly, Johnny Dollar "The Ellen Deer Matter"[28]
March 10, 1957 Suspense "The Paralta Map"[26]
April 21, 1957 CBS Radio Workshop Narrator "The Son of Man"[32][165]
June 30, 1957 CBS Radio Workshop "Battle of Gettysburg"[165]
July 14, 1957 CBS Radio Workshop "The Silent Witness"[165]
July 28, 1957 Suspense "Murder On Mike"[26]
August 28, 1957 Family Theater Host "Sylvia"[29]
October 27, 1957 Suspense "The Country of the Blind"[26]
October 12, 1958 Suspense "The Treasure Chest of Don Jose"[26]
December 21, 1958 Suspense "Out for Christmas"[26]
June 7, 1959 Suspense "The Pit and the Pendulum"[26]
1968 American Gallery, AnAn American Gallery Narrator "Portrait of a Photographer"[166]
August 24, 1969 Special Delivery: Vietnam "History's First Nationwide Radiothon"[167]

Television credits[edit]

Date Title Role Notes
March 14, 1951 Stars Over Hollywood "Prison Doctor"[41]
April 4, 1951 Stars Over Hollywood "Pearls from Paris"[41]
April 23, 1951 Bigelow Theatre, TheThe Bigelow Theatre "The Big Hello"[42]
December 16, 1951 Dragnet "The Human Bomb" (series debut)[44][168]
1951 Family Theater "That I May See"[43]
March 21, 1952 Rebound "Joker's Wild"[169]
April 11, 1952 Rebound Gomez "The Wreck"[169]
April 24, 1952 Gruen Playhouse "The Tiger"[45]
July 2, 1952 Unexpected, TheThe Unexpected Doctor "The Magnificent Lie"[170]
September 9, 1952 Gruen Playhouse "The Leather Coat"[45]
September 23, 1952 Gruen Playhouse "Face Value"[45]
1952 Family Theater Balthazar "A Star Shall Rise"[171][172]
January 2, 1953 Tales of Tomorrow "The Mask of Medusa"[173]
January 16, 1953 Your Favorite Story "How Much Land Does a Man Need?"[174][175]
April 28, 1953 Chevron Theatre "No Escape"[176]
December 10, 1953 Four Star Playhouse "The Room"[46]
January 7, 1954 Ford Theatre Letwick, RedRed Letwick "The Fugitives"[177][178]
January 28, 1954 Lux Video Theatre "A Place in the Sun"[48]
February 11, 1954 Lux Video Theatre Blakestone, MajorMajor Blakestone "Shall Not Perish"[48]
April 20, 1954 Mr. and Mrs. North "Murder for Sale"[49]
July 1, 1955 Schlitz Playhouse of Stars Sutton, Dr.Dr. Sutton "The Ordeal of Dr. Sutton"[50]
October 7, 1955 Star and the Story, TheThe Star and the Story "The Force of Circumstance"[179]
November 2, 1955 20th Century Fox Hour, TheThe 20th Century Fox Hour Tetley, MajorMajor Tetley "The Ox-Bow Incident"[180]
December 1, 1955 Lux Video Theatre "The Web"[181]
March 1, 1956 Climax! Shea, LieutenantLieutenant Shea "The Sound of Silence"[182]
March 1, 1956 Ford Theatre Drayton, RobertRobert Drayton "Man Without a Fear"[47][183]
May 24, 1956 Climax! Moran, PhilipPhilip Moran "The Shadow of Evil"[182]
October 18, 1956 Lux Video Theatre Reynolds, DanDan Reynolds "Tobacco Road"[184]
December 6, 1956 Climax! Gurnick, Sergeant BenSergeant Ben Gurnick "Savage Portrait"[185]
1956 Chevron Hall of Stars Jud "The Lone Hand"[186]
January 31, 1957 Playhouse 90 Friedman, LesterLester Friedman "The Greer Case"[51]
March 12, 1957 Celebrity Playhouse George "No Escape"[187]
September 21, 1957 – May 22, 1966 Perry Mason Mason, PerryPerry Mason 271 episodes[21]:8903, 32188
Winner, Primetime Emmy Award, Outstanding Lead Actor in a Drama Series, 1959 and 1961; nominee in 1960[53]
December 26, 1957 Playhouse 90 Bent, CharlesCharles Bent "The Lone Woman"[188]
June 5, 1958 Playhouse 90 Host "The Innocent Sleep"[189]
May 6, 1959 11th Emmy Awards Host [190]
November 5, 1961 Jack Benny Program, TheThe Jack Benny Program Mason, PerryPerry Mason "Jack On Trial for Murder"[191]
March 28, 1967 Ironside Ironside, Robert T.Robert T. Ironside World premiere television film[192][193]
Nominee, Primetime Emmy Award, Outstanding Single Performance by an Actor in a Leading Role in a Drama (1968)[53][55]
September 14, 1967 – January 16, 1975 Ironside Ironside, Robert T.Robert T. Ironside 194 episodes[192][194]
Nominee, Primetime Emmy Award, Outstanding Lead Actor in a Drama Series, 1968, 1969, 1970, 1971 and 1972[53]
Nominee, Golden Globe Award for Best Actor – Television Series Drama, 1969 and 1972[56]
October 6, 1967 Raymond Burr in Vietnam Himself One-hour NBC News documentary[195]
January 9, 1968 It Takes a Thief "A Thief Is a Thief" (series premiere)[196]
September 19, 1972 Bold Ones: The New Doctors, TheThe Bold Ones: The New Doctors Ironside, Robert T.Robert T. Ironside "Five Days in the Death of Sgt. Brown"[3]:191
April 22, 1973 A Man Whose Name Was John Pope John XXIII [197]
February 8, 1976 Mallory Mallory, ArthurArthur Mallory [3]:191[198]
July 3, 1976 The Inventing of America Co-host NBC–BBC co-production for the U.S. Bicentennial, co-hosted by James Burke[3]:191[199][200]
September 15, 1976 Kingston: The Power Play Kingston, R. B.R. B. Kingston [133]:157
March 23 – August 10, 1977 Kingston: Confidential Kingston, R. B.R. B. Kingston 13 episodes[201][202]:404
October 16–18, 1977 79 Park Avenue Perfido, ArmandArmand Perfido Miniseries[203]
December 12, 1978 Jordan Chance, TheThe Jordan Chance Jordan, FrankFrank Jordan [133]:150
October 1, 1978 – Centennial Bockweiss, HermanHerman Bockweiss Miniseries[3]:192
February 3, 1979 Love Boat, TheThe Love Boat Dwyer, MalcolmMalcolm Dwyer "Alas, Poor Dwyer"[3]:192
May 20, 1979 Love's Savage Fury [3]:192
September 21 + 28, 1979 Eischied Police Commissioner "Only the Pretty Girls Die"[204]
October 23, 1979 Misadventures of Sheriff Lobo, TheThe Misadventures of Sheriff Lobo [3]:192
October 28, 1979 Disaster on the Coastliner Estes Hill [3]:192
November 18, 1979 13th Day: The Story of Esther, TheThe 13th Day: The Story of Esther Narrator [133]:296
May 8 + 9, 1980 Curse of King Tut's Tomb, TheThe Curse of King Tut's Tomb Sebastian, JonashJonash Sebastian [3]:192[205]
December 18, 1980 Night the City Screamed, TheThe Night the City Screamed Mayor [206]
April 12 + 14, 1981 Peter and Paul Herod Agrippa [3]:192
December 1, 1985 Perry Mason Returns Mason, PerryPerry Mason First of 26 television films[207][208]:39603
May 25, 1986 Perry Mason: The Case of the Notorious Nun Mason, PerryPerry Mason [207][208]:39678
November 9, 1986 Perry Mason: The Case of the Shooting Star Mason, PerryPerry Mason [207][208]:39730
January 20, 1987 Unsolved Mysteries Host Special that launched the series[61]
February 23, 1987 Perry Mason: The Case of the Lost Love Mason, PerryPerry Mason [207][208]:39783
May 24, 1987 Perry Mason: The Case of the Sinister Spirit Mason, PerryPerry Mason [207][208]:39844
October 4, 1987 Perry Mason: The Case of the Murdered Madam Mason, PerryPerry Mason [207][208]:39903
November 15, 1987 Perry Mason: The Case of the Scandalous Scoundrel Mason, PerryPerry Mason [207][208]:39952
February 28, 1988 Perry Mason: The Case of the Avenging Ace Mason, PerryPerry Mason [207][208]:40008
May 15, 1988 Perry Mason: The Case of the Lady in the Lake Mason, PerryPerry Mason [207][208]:40068
February 12, 1989 Perry Mason: The Case of the Lethal Lesson Mason, PerryPerry Mason [207][208]:40119
April 9, 1989 Perry Mason: The Case of the Musical Murder Mason, PerryPerry Mason [207][208]:40168
November 19, 1989 Perry Mason: The Case of the All-Star Assassin Mason, PerryPerry Mason [207][208]:40237
1989–91 Trial by Jury Duane, Judge GordonJudge Gordon Duane Syndicated series[209]
January 21, 1990 Perry Mason: The Case of the Poisoned Pen Mason, PerryPerry Mason [207][208]:40296
March 11, 1990 Perry Mason: The Case of the Desperate Deception Mason, PerryPerry Mason [207][208]:40354
May 20, 1990 Perry Mason: The Case of the Silenced Singer Mason, PerryPerry Mason [207][208]:40422
September 30, 1990 Perry Mason: The Case of the Defiant Daughter Mason, PerryPerry Mason [207][208]:40504
January 6, 1991 Perry Mason: The Case of the Ruthless Reporter Mason, PerryPerry Mason [207][208]:40575
February 11, 1991 Perry Mason: The Case of the Maligned Mobster Mason, PerryPerry Mason [207][208]:40658
May 14, 1991 Perry Mason: The Case of the Glass Coffin Mason, PerryPerry Mason [207][208]:40721
September 24, 1991 Perry Mason: The Case of the Fatal Fashion Mason, PerryPerry Mason [207][208]:40792
March 1, 1992 Perry Mason: The Case of the Fatal Framing Mason, PerryPerry Mason [207][208]:40860
May 5, 1992 Perry Mason: The Case of the Reckless Romeo Mason, PerryPerry Mason [207][208]:40920
October 30, 1992 Perry Mason: The Case of the Heartbroken Bride Mason, PerryPerry Mason [207][208]:40920
February 19, 1993 Perry Mason: The Case of the Skin-Deep Scandal Mason, PerryPerry Mason [207][208]:41071
May 4, 1993 Return of Ironside, TheThe Return of Ironside Ironside, Robert T.Robert T. Ironside [210]
May 21, 1993 Perry Mason: The Case of the Telltale Talk Show Host Mason, PerryPerry Mason [207][208]:41146
November 29, 1993 Perry Mason: The Case of the Killer Kiss Mason, PerryPerry Mason [207][208]:41218

See also[edit]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ In response to an inquiry by biographer Michael Starr, the National Personnel Records Center wrote that after an extensive search "we have been unable to locate any information that would help us verify this veteran's service."[7]:58
  2. ^ Burr said that he never attended high school, but took courses at Long Beach Junior College, Stanford, and the University of California.[9]
  3. ^ Someone who worked on the set with Burr and Wood thought they had a certain chemistry, but later said, "I think everybody knew about his sexual preferences, but that was just something that was in the motion picture business."[7]:67–68
  4. ^ Hedda Hopper received information from an informant in 1963 and wrote to Burr, "Dear Ray, What the hell did you do in Phoenix? If the enclosed letter is correct, this is the first intimation I've had of it." She did not repeat the enclosure's charges, but reassured Burr that if trouble developed, he need only "call on the mother of Paul Drake and I will stand up and swear anything for you." The columnist's son William Hopper played detective Paul Drake on Perry Mason.[85]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d Podolsky, J. D. (September 27, 1993). "The Defense Rests". People. Archived from the original on 13 September 2015. Retrieved 2016-05-20. 
  2. ^ "Raymond Burr Dies". Los Angeles Times. September 13, 1993. Retrieved 2016-05-20. 
  3. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p q r s t u v w x y z aa Hill, Ona L. (1994). Raymond Burr: A Film, Radio and Television Biography. Jefferson, North Carolina: McFarland & Company, Inc. ISBN 978-0-7864-0833-7. 
  4. ^ a b c d e f g h Grimes, William (September 14, 1993). "Raymond Burr, Actor, 76, Dies; Played Perry Mason and Ironside". The New York Times. Retrieved 2007-01-15. 
  5. ^ Obituary. Los Angeles Daily News. September 14, 1993. Retrieved March 25, 2010.
  6. ^ "Minerva Annette Smith Burr". Find a Grave. Retrieved 2016-05-21. 
  7. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p q r s t u v w x y z aa ab Starr, Michael Seth (2008). Hiding in Plain Sight: The Secret Life of Raymond Burr. New York: Applause Theatre & Cinema Books. ISBN 1-55783-694-9. 
  8. ^ "Raymond Burr — Ethnicity of Celebs - What Nationality Ancestry Race". 
  9. ^ a b c Ardmore, Jane (June 3, 1986). "Welcome Home, Perry Mason". The Spokesman-Review. King Features Syndicate. Retrieved 2016-05-22. 
  10. ^ a b Lee, Luaine (May 8, 1986). "Pasadena Playhouse, A Star Crucible, Reopens". Chicago Tribune. Retrieved 2016-05-16. 
  11. ^ "The Pasadena Playhouse—Featured On 'Tour America's Treasures'". The Playhouse Blog. Pasadena Playhouse. February 29, 2012. Retrieved 2016-05-16. 
  12. ^ a b "Crazy With the Heat". Internet Broadway Database. Retrieved 2016-05-15. 
  13. ^ a b "'Quiet Wedding' Opens Nov. 11". The Arcadia Tribune and Arcadia News. Arcadia, California. November 5, 1942. 
  14. ^ a b c d e Thomas, Bob (September 13, 1993). "Actor Raymond Burr Dies at 76". Ellensburg Daily Record. Associated Press. p. 1. Retrieved March 23, 2010. 
  15. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p q r s t u v w x y z aa ab ac ad ae af ag ah ai aj ak al am an ao ap aq ar as at au av aw ax ay az ba bb bc bd be bf bg bh bi bj "Raymond Burr". AFI Catalog of Feature Films. American Film Institute. Retrieved 2016-05-24. 
  16. ^ a b Silver, Alain; Ward, Elizabeth, eds. (1979). Film Noir: An Encyclopedic Reference to the American Style. Woodstock, New York: The Overlook Press. ISBN 0-87951-055-2. 
  17. ^ Schickel, Richard (Summer 2007). "Rerunning Film Noir". The Wilson Quarterly. Woodrow Wilson International Center for Scholars. 31 (3): 36–43. JSTOR 40262441. 
  18. ^ a b Steward, Carl (Spring 2011). "The Heaviest of Them All: The Film Noir Legacy of Raymond Burr" (PDF). Noir City. Film Noir Foundation. Retrieved 2016-06-03. 
  19. ^ Bawden, Jim (September 14, 1993). "TV gave Raymond Burr his 30 years of stardom". Toronto Star. 
  20. ^ a b c Bawden, James (April 29, 2014). "Dream Factory Time: Gail Patrick". Classic Images. Retrieved 2015-04-23. 
  21. ^ a b c Davidson, Jim (2014). "The First TV Series (1957–1966)". The Perry Mason Book: A Comprehensive Guide to America's Favorite Defender of Justice (e-book). ASIN B00OOELV1K. 
  22. ^ Downey, Donn (September 14, 1993). "Obituary: Raymond Burr". The Globe and Mail. 
  23. ^ a b "Perry Mason". The Digital Deli Too. Retrieved 2016-06-08. 
  24. ^ a b c d e f g h Dunning, John (1998). On the Air: The Encyclopedia of Old-Time Radio. New York: Oxford University Press. ISBN 978-0-19-507678-3. 
  25. ^ a b "Dragnet". RadioGOLDINdex. Retrieved 2016-05-16. 
  26. ^ a b c d e f g h i j "Suspense". RadioGOLDINdex. Retrieved 2016-05-16. 
  27. ^ a b c d e f g h "Screen Directors Playhouse". RadioGOLDINdex. Retrieved 2016-05-16. 
  28. ^ a b c d e f g h i j "Yours Truly, Johnny Dollar". RadioGOLDINdex. Retrieved 2016-05-16. 
  29. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n "Family Theatre". RadioGOLDINdex. Retrieved 2016-05-16. 
  30. ^ a b c d e "Hallmark Playhouse". RadioGOLDINdex. Retrieved 2016-05-17. 
  31. ^ a b c d e "The Hallmark Hall of Fame". RadioGOLDINdex. Retrieved 2016-05-17. 
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  33. ^ "The Silent Witness". CBS Radio Workshop. Internet Archive. Retrieved 2016-06-08. 
  34. ^ "Fort Laramie". The Digital Deli Too. Retrieved 2016-06-08. 
  35. ^ "Fort Laramie". Internet Archive. Retrieved 2016-06-08. 
  36. ^ "Sheilah Graham". Bluefield Daily Telegraph. February 28, 1956. 
  37. ^ "On the Air in Radio and Television". Avalanche-Journal. July 29, 1956. 
  38. ^ Cole, I. G. (August 31, 1956). "TV News". Lawton Constitution. 
  39. ^ Johnson, Erskine (August 20, 1957). "Perry Como's going to have Burr in his side this fall". Columbus Daily Telegram. 
  40. ^ "Perry Mason, Season One". The Digital Deli Too. Retrieved 2016-06-08. 
  41. ^ a b c "Stars Over Hollywood". The Classic TV Archive. Retrieved 2016-05-25. 
  42. ^ a b "The Bigelow Theatre". Classic TV Archive. Retrieved 2016-05-25. 
  43. ^ a b "'Family' Offers Stations Double Bill Pic Reruns". The Billboard. April 5, 1952. p. 13. Retrieved 2016-06-07. 
  44. ^ a b "Dragnet, Season 1". The Classic TV Archive. Retrieved 2016-05-21. 
  45. ^ a b c d "Gruen Guild Playhouse". The Classic TV Archive. Retrieved 2016-05-21. 
  46. ^ a b "Four Star Playhouse, Season 2". The Classic TV Archive. Retrieved 2016-05-21. 
  47. ^ a b "Ford Theatre, Season 7". The Classic TV Archive. Retrieved 2016-05-21. 
  48. ^ a b c "Lux Video Theatre, Season 4". The Classic TV Archive. Retrieved 2016-05-21. 
  49. ^ a b "Mr. and Mrs. North". The Classic TV Archive. Retrieved 2016-05-21. 
  50. ^ a b "Schlitz Playhouse of Stars, Season 4". The Classic TV Archive. Retrieved 2016-05-21. 
  51. ^ a b "Playhouse 90, Season 1". Classic TV Archive. Retrieved 2016-05-25. 
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  53. ^ a b c d e f g "Awards Search". Emmys. Academy of Television Arts & Sciences. Retrieved 2016-05-26. 
  54. ^ a b c d Margolick, David (September 24, 1993). "At the Bar; Raymond Burr's Perry Mason was fictional, but he was surely relevant and, oh, so competent". The New York Times. Retrieved 2015-08-15. 
  55. ^ a b "241 Nominations Made for Emmys". The New York Times. April 21, 1968. Retrieved 2016-05-26. 
  56. ^ a b c "Winners and Nominees—Raymond Burr". Golden Globe Awards. Hollywood Foreign Press Association. Retrieved 2016-05-26. 
  57. ^ Internet Movie Database (2011). Mallory: Circumstantial Evidence (TV 1976). Retrieved on 2011-07-15 from http://www.imdb.com/title/tt0074847/.
  58. ^ Internet Movie Database (2011) Kingston: Confidential (TV Series 1976). Retrieved on 2011-07-15 from http://www.imdb.com/title/tt0075523/.
  59. ^ Internet Movie Database (2011). Harold Robbins' 79 Park Avenue (TV mini-series 1977). Retrieved on 2011-07-15 from http://www.imdb.com/title/tt0075515/.
  60. ^ Internet Movie Database (2011). The Jordan Chance (TV 1978). Retrieved on 2011-07-15 from http://www.imdb.com/title/tt0077776/.
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  64. ^ a b c Shales, Tom (September 14, 1993). "Appreciation". The Washington Post. Retrieved 2016-06-03. 
  65. ^ Burr Delights in TV Return. Worcester Telegram & Gazette. September 7, 1989 Accessed on March 26, 2010
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External links[edit]