Raymond Céstan syndrome
Raymond Céstan syndrome, also known as Céstan–Chenais syndrome or upper dorsal pontine syndrome, is caused by blockage of the long circumferential branches of the basilar artery. It was described by Étienne Jacques Marie Raymond Céstan and Louis Jean Chenais. Along with other related syndromes such as Millard-Gubler syndrome, Foville's syndrome, and Weber's syndrome, the description was instrumental in establishing important principles in brain-stem localization.
- Ipsilateral ataxia and coarse intention tremor (damage to superior and middle cerebellar peduncle)
- Ipsilateral paralysis of muscles of mastication and sensory loss in face (damage to sensory and motor nuclei and tracts of CN V)
- Contralateral loss of sensory modalities in the body (damage to spinothalamic tract and medial lemniscus)
- Contralateral hemiparesis of face and body (damage to corticospinal tract) may occur with ventral extension of lesion
- Horizontal gaze palsy may occur (as in lower dorsal pontine syndrome)
- Silverman, IE; Liu, GT; Volpe, NJ; Galetta, SL (June 1995). "The crossed paralyses. The original brain-stem syndromes of Millard-Gubler, Foville, Weber, and Raymond-Cestan". Archives of neurology.
- Further reading
- Kim, JS; Lee, JH; Im, JH; Lee, MC (Jun 1995). "Syndromes of pontine base infarction. A clinical-radiological correlation study.". Stroke; a journal of cerebral circulation. 26 (6): 950–5. doi:10.1161/01.STR.26.6.950. PMID 7762044.
- Krasnianski, M; Neudecker, S; Zierz, S (Aug 2004). "[Classical crossed pontine syndromes].". Fortschritte der Neurologie · Psychiatrie (in German). 72 (8): 460–8. doi:10.1055/s-2004-818392. PMID 15305240.