|Raymond Hiley Harries|
|Died||14 May 1950 (aged 33 or 34)
Near Sheffield, Yorkshire
|Service/branch||Royal Air Force|
|Years of service||1939–1950|
|Unit||No. 43 Squadron RAF
No. 131 Squadron RAF
No. 91 Squadron RAF
No. 135 Wing
|Commands held||No. 92 Squadron RAF|
|Awards||Distinguished Service Order & Bar
Distinguished Flying Cross & Two Bars
Croix de guerre (Belgium)
Croix de guerre (France)
Raymond Hiley Harries DSO & Bar, DFC & Two Bars (1916 – 14 May 1950) was a British flying ace of the Second World War. Harries scored 15 victories against enemy aircraft, as well as three shared kills, two probable kills and five damaged during the war. Harries is also credited with the destruction of a V-1 flying bomb.
Born in South Wales in 1916, Harries was a dental student at Guy's Hospital when war broke out. Joining the RAFVR in September 1939, after training Harries was posted to No. 43 Squadron at Drem in Scotland. He was then posted on 8 July 1941 to 52 OTU at Debden as an instructor. In February 1942 he joined No. 131 Squadron RAF, based at Llanbedr as a flight commander, and claimed his first kill, a Junkers Ju 88, soon after. He served with the unit until December 1942, when he became CO of 91 Squadron, and in April 1943 received the new Mark XII Spitfire and were based at Hawkinge.
Harries was ultimately the most successful pilot to fly the Rolls-Royce Griffon powered Supermarine Spitfire, scoring 11 kills in the type, including a brace of Focke-Wulf Fw 190s on 25 May 1943. Flying a Spitfire XII, Harries intercepted the Fw 190s from SKG 10:
I was leading Blue Section on a defensive patrol. I had just returned to base, with my No 2, had just landed when the scramble signal was given from the watch office. We both immediately took off again, and saw enemy aircraft approaching Folkestone. I sighted one lone Fw 190 at sea level returning to France. I came in from his starboard side, delivering a three-second burst at 250 yards. The enemy aircraft hit the sea tail first, split in two, and sank immediately.
The Fw 190 was thought to be Fw 190A-5 Wrk Nr 2511 of 6./SKG 10, flown by Oberleutnant Josef Keller.
I then spotted another Fw 190 to starboard. I flew straight over the top of it in order to identify it in the failing light. The enemy aircraft pulled his nose up and gave me a quick squirt. I pulled straight up to about 1000ft, and turning to port, dived right onto his tail, opening fire from 300 yards and closing to 150 yards. I fired a four-second burst, seeing strikes and flames all over the enemy aircraft. The enemy aircraft gradually lost height, with smoke and flames coming from it, skimmed for some distance along the surface of the water and then sank. I orbited around taking cine gun snaps of the oil patch and pieces of wreckage that were visible.
In June the squadron moved to Westhampnett to form a Mk XII fighter wing with No. 41 Squadron.
On 18 July 1943 Harries shot down three Bf 109's while flying MB831. In doing so he became the first pilot to reach five kills in the Griffon-engined Spitfire. Harries became Wing Leader in August 1943, and by November, had been awarded a total of three DFCs and a DSO.
In early 1944 Harries went to the United States, to lecture on fighter tactics, only to return and become Wing Leader of 135 Wing, 2nd TAF, in the spring of 1944. On 22 September 1943 Harries claimed one Fw 190 shot down and another as a probable. The Westhampnett Wing were the highest scoring Wing in Fighter Command for the month of September, claiming 27 kills.
After the war he was awarded a bar to the DSO, and served as CO No. 92 Squadron RAF in 1949.
- Thomas 2008, p. 11.
- Thomas 2008, p. 11-12.
- C. Shores & C Williams 1994, p. 315.
- Thomas 2008, p. 16.
- "Well-Known Fighter Pilot killed". The Times. 16 May 1950.
- "Deaths". The Times. 18 May 1950.
- Thomas, Andrew. (2008). Griffon Spitfire Aces. Osprey Publishing, London, England. ISBN 978-1-84603-298-1
- C. Shores & C Williams. (1994) Aces High . Grub Street.