|Member of the Northern Ireland Assembly
15 July 2004
|Preceded by||Mary Nelis|
29 November 1954 |
Derry, Northern Ireland
|Political party||Sinn Féin|
|Alma mater||University of Ulster|
|Website||Sinn Féin profile|
McCartney took part in the civil rights march in Derry on 30 January 1972, an event widely known as Bloody Sunday. One of his cousins, James Wray, was one of 14 men shot and killed by the 1st Battalion, Parachute Regiment on that march. As a result of this incident McCartney joined the Provisional IRA several months later. On 12 January 1979 at Belfast Crown Court McCartney and another man, Eamonn MacDermott, were convicted of the murder of Detective Constable Patrick McNulty of the Royal Ulster Constabulary, who was shot several times outside a garage in Derry on 27 January 1977. McCartney was also convicted of IRA membership and the murder of businessman Jeffery Agate in February 1977, and was sentenced to life imprisonment. The murder convictions were overturned in 2007.
McCartney was involved in the blanket and dirty protests, then took part in the 1980 hunger strike, along with fellow IRA members Brendan Hughes, Tommy McKearney, Tom McFeely, Sean McKenna, Leo Green, and Irish National Liberation Army member John Nixon.
Freedom and reversal of convictions
Since his release he has been active with ex-prisoners' groups Tar Abhaile and Coiste na n-Íarchimí, and was the first member of Sinn Féin to have his or her own voice heard on television after the lifting of the broadcasting ban in 1994. McCartney was arrested on 4 April 2002 following a breach of security at Belfast's police headquarters, but released without charge the next day. Later that year, on 5 September, McCartney was the first former IRA member to appear before the Bloody Sunday Inquiry, and encouraged anyone with information, including paramilitaries, to come forward. He has been the Member of the Legislative Assembly for Foyle since 15 July 2004, when he replaced Mary Nelis.
On 15 February 2007 McCartney and MacDermott had their murder convictions quashed by the Court of Appeal, following an investigation by the Criminal Cases Review Commission in 2002. The Secretary of State for Northern Ireland declined to compensate McCartney and McDermott on the grounds that they had not proven themselves innocent. The decision was appealed to the Supreme Court of the United Kingdom which, in May 2011, found in favour of the applicants, opening the way for a substantial compensation claim from both for their prison terms of 15 and 17 years.
- Profile, niassembly.gov.uk; accessed 14 May 2016.
- "BBC News - Sinn Fein criticise police raid on Derry mayor 's home". BBC News. BBC News. Retrieved August 26, 2012.
- Taylor, Peter (1997). Provos The IRA & Sinn Féin. Bloomsbury Publishing. pp. 121–27, 232–34. ISBN 0-7475-3818-2.
- Boris Worrall (20 January 2006). "Commission refers murder convictions of Raymond McCartney and Eamonn MacDermott for appeal". Criminal Cases Review Commission. Retrieved 21 February 2007.
- "Murder convictions ruled unsafe". BBC News. Retrieved 21 February 2007.
- English, Robert (2004). Armed Struggle: The History of the IRA. Pan Books. pp. 193, 228. ISBN 0-330-49388-4.
- "Raymond McCartney". Strategem. Retrieved 14 May 2016.
- "Security breach inquiry: Three released". BBC News. 5 April 2002. Retrieved 21 February 2007.
- Rosie Cowan (6 September 2002). "Former IRA man recalls shootings". The Guardian. Retrieved 21 February 2007.
- "Northern Ireland Assembly Election - 26 November 2003". Northern Ireland Assembly. Retrieved 21 February 2007.
- Irish Times report of Supreme Court case, irishtimes.com; retrieved 13 May 2011.
- Profile: Raymond McCartney, sinnfein.ie; accessed 14 May 2016.
|Northern Ireland Assembly|
|MLA for Foyle