Raymond R. Guest

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Raymond Richard Guest
OBE
United States Ambassador to Ireland
In office
1965–1968
Preceded by Matthew H. McCloskey
Succeeded by Leo J. Sheridan
Member of the Senate of Virginia
In office
1947–1953
Personal details
Born (1907-11-25)November 25, 1907
New York, New York, U.S.
Died December 31, 1991(1991-12-31) (aged 84)
Fredericksburg, Virginia, U.S.
Political party Democratic
Spouse(s) Elizabeth Polk
(m. 1935)

Ellen Tuck French Astor
(m. 1953)

Princess Caroline Murat
(m. 1960; his death 1991)
Relations Winston Guest (brother)
1st Viscount Wimborne (uncle)
Henry Phipps, Jr. (grandfather)
1st Baron Wimborne (grandfather)
Children 5
Parents Frederick E. Guest
Amy Phipps
Education Phillips Andover
Alma mater Yale College
Occupation Soldier, businessman, statesman, polo player, racehorse owner/breeder
Awards Bronze Star
Legion of Merit
Croix de Guerre
Military service
Allegiance United States United States of America
Service/branch  United States Navy
Rank US-O5 insignia.svg Commander
Unit Office of Strategic Services
Battles/wars World War II

Commander Raymond Richard Guest OBE (November 25, 1907 – December 31, 1991) was an American businessman, thoroughbred race horse owner and polo player. From 1965 to 1968, he was United States Ambassador to Ireland.[1]

Early life[edit]

Guest was born on November 25, 1907 in Manhattan to Frederick Edward Guest (1875–1937), a British Cabinet minister and his American wife, Amy Phipps (1873–1959). Guest's siblings were Winston Frederick Churchill Guest (1906–1982), also a polo-player whose second wife was C. Z. Guest (1920–2003), the actress and socialite, and Diana Guest Manning (1909–1994). He attended Phillips Andover and graduated from Yale in 1931.[1]

His maternal grandfather was Henry Phipps, Jr. (1839–1930), Andrew Carnegie's business partner in Carnegie Steel Company.[1] His paternal grandfather was Ivor Guest, 1st Baron Wimborne[2] (1835–1914) and his great-grandfather was John Spencer-Churchill, 7th Duke of Marlborough, therefore, making Guest a second cousin of Prime Minister Winston Churchill.

Career[edit]

Military career[edit]

During World War II he served with the United States Navy. He served on mine sweepers and was made head of the Navy section of the Office of Strategic Services in London, England. By the time he left the military in 1946, he had risen to the rank of Commander. He was awarded the Bronze Star and a Legion of Merit, both with combat devices; the Croix de Guerre with star; the Order of the British Empire; the Norwegian Cross[clarification needed], and the Danish Defense Medal[clarification needed].

Political career[edit]

Guest was a member of the Senate of Virginia from 1947 to 1953, and served as the United States Ambassador to Ireland from 1965 to 1968.

Thoroughbred racing[edit]

In the United States, members of his mother's family have been major figures in the sport of thoroughbred racing for many decades. In England, Raymond Guest's sister, Diana Guest Manning, owned and raced a horse she named Be My Guest who was a conditions race winner in England and Ireland as well as the Leading sire in Great Britain and Ireland in 1982. Raymond Guest also owned thoroughbreds which he raced in England, Ireland, France and the United States. In Ireland his flat racehorses were trained by Vincent O'Brien and his National Hunt horses by Dan Moore. His racing colours were chocolate, pale blue hoops and cap. Guest is one of only four owners to win both the Epsom Derby and the Grand National, the others being King Edward VII, when Prince of Wales, Dorothy Paget and Jim Joel.

The British flat racing Champion Owner in 1968, among Guest's successful horses in flat racing were Larkspur, winner of the 1962 Epsom Derby; Sir Ivor, winner of the 1968 2,000 Guineas, Epsom Derby and the Washington, D.C. International.

Raymond Guest also owned steeplechase racers. His most outstanding was L'Escargot, a National Museum of Racing and Hall of Fame inductee who was voted the 1969 U.S. Steeplechase Horse of the Year and who then raced in England where he won the Cheltenham Gold Cup in 1970 and 1971 and the Grand National in 1975.

In the United States, Raymond Guest was a member of The Jockey Club and voted President of the Virginia Thoroughbred Association in 1958. The best horse to carry his Powhatan Stable colours in American flat racing was Tom Rolfe, winner of the 1965 Preakness Stakes who earned American Champion 3-Year-Old Male Horse honors.

Both he and his brother Winston Frederick Churchill Guest were polo players. Raymond Guest twice won the U.S. Open as part of the Templeton team, and was posthumously inducted into the Museum of Polo and Hall of Fame in 2006.

Personal life[edit]

In 1935, he married first to Elizabeth ("Lily") Polk of Dark Harbor, Maine, the daughter of Frank Polk and a relative of U.S. President, James K. Polk,[2] with whom he had three children:

  • Elizabeth Guest, who married Edward Beach Condon in 1958,[3] and after their divorce, to George Stevens, Jr. in 1965.[4]
  • Raymond Richard Guest, Jr. (1939–2001), who married Mary Scott Derrick.[5]
  • Virginia Guest (Valentine)

In 1953, he married Ellen Tuck French Astor (1915–1974),[6] who had previously been married to John Jacob Astor VI from 1934 to 1943.[7] She was the elder daughter of Francis Ormond "Frank" French II (1888–1962) and Eleanor Livingston Burrill (1891–1974),[8] and was a first cousin of Rhode Island Governor William Henry Vanderbilt III (1901–1981).[9] Ellen and Raymond later divorced and she died in 1974.[10]

In 1960, married for the third and final time to Princess Caroline Cecile Alexandrine Jeanne Murat (1923–2012),[11] daughter of Prince Alexandre Murat (1889–1926) and granddaughter of Joachim Napoléon Murat, 5th Prince Murat (1856-1932),[12] She was previously married to American Capt. August Van Hartz in 1945.[13] Together, they had two children:[1]

  • Achille Murat Guest,[14] who married Judith Wall[15]
  • Laetitia Amelia Guest (Oppenheim)[14]

He died of pneumonia on December 31, 1991 in Mary Washington Hospital in Fredericksburg, Virginia.[1]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d e "Raymond Guest, 84, Ambassador, Polo Player and Breeder of Horses". New York Times. January 1, 1992. Retrieved 2011-04-13. Raymond R. Guest, a former Ambassador to Ireland who was a champion polo player and horse breeder, died yesterday in Mary Washington Hospital in Fredericksburg, Va. He was 84 years old and lived in King George, Va. He died of pneumonia after a long illness, his family said. ... 
  2. ^ a b "Elizabeth S. Polk and Raymond Guest, Poloist, Wed in Heavenly Rest Church". The New York Times. June 26, 1935. Retrieved 5 August 2016. 
  3. ^ "ELIZABETH GUEST IS WED IN CAPITAL; Escorted by Her Father at Marriage to Edward Beach Condon, T.W.A. Official". The New York Times. March 8, 1958. Retrieved 15 April 2017. 
  4. ^ Times, Special To The New York (6 July 1965). "Mrs. Elizabeth Guest Condon Married to George Stevens Jr.". The New York Times. Retrieved 15 April 2017. 
  5. ^ "Paid Notice: Deaths GUEST, RAYMOND R. (ANDY)". The New York Times. 19 April 2001. Retrieved 15 April 2017. 
  6. ^ "R. R. GUEST MARRIES MRS. ELLEN T. ASTOR". The New York Times. May 2, 1953. Retrieved 5 August 2016. 
  7. ^ Times, Special To The New York (21 May 1943). "DIVORCES JOHN J. ASTOR; Former Miss Ellen Tuck French Gets Decree in Reno". The New York Times. Retrieved 15 April 2017. 
  8. ^ "Francis Ormond FRENCH/Eleanor Livingston BURRILL". pennock. 
  9. ^ Porter, Russell B. "JOHN JACOB ASTOR WEDS ELLEN FRENCH". Encyclopedia Titanica. New York Times. 
  10. ^ Times, Special To The New York (7 September 1974). "Ellen Tuck French Guest Dead; Wife of J. J. Astor 3d for 9 Years". The New York Times. Retrieved 15 April 2017. 
  11. ^ Paulick Report Staff (14 June 2012). "Princess Murat, widow of Thoroughbred owner Raymond Guest, dies at 88". Horse Racing News Paulick Report. Retrieved 5 August 2016. 
  12. ^ Times, Wireless To The New York (17 July 1946). "PRINCESS MURAT MARRIED IN PARIS; Notables Attend Her Wedding to Lieut. Charles Russell Codman Jr. of Boston". The New York Times. Retrieved 15 April 2017. 
  13. ^ "CAPT. VON HARTZ WEDS; U.S. Officer Marries Princess Caroline Murat in Paris". The New York Times. 26 July 1945. Retrieved 15 April 2017. 
  14. ^ a b The King George Journal staff (June 20, 2012). "Caroline Murat". The King George Journal. Retrieved 5 August 2016. 
  15. ^ Hofheinz, Darrell (October 3, 2013). "Beyond the Hedges: Australian Ave. townhome sells for $2 million". Palm Beach Daily News. Retrieved 5 August 2016. 
Diplomatic posts
Preceded by
Matthew H. McCloskey
United States
Ambassador to Ireland

1965–1968
Succeeded by
Leo J. Sheridan