Raymond de Gaufredi

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Raymond de Gaufredi (died 1310), sometimes anglicized as Raymond Godefroy, was Minister General of the Francican Order from 1289 to 1295.

Life[edit]

Raymond de Gaufredi was born in Marseille. A sympathizer with the Franciscan Spirituals, he became Minister General of the Order of Friars Minor in 1289. Despite Pope Nicholas IV having been the first Franciscan pope, it was not until his death in 1292 that Gaufredi felt able to relax the sanctions against the Spirituals, who had been persecuted for their strong condemnations of luxury in the church. Gaufredi was responsible in particular for the release from prison of Roger Bacon.[1] Angelo da Clareno and some of his followers—including St Thomas of Tolentino—were released from confinement and sent as missionaries to Armenia in order to avoid persecution from the friars in the March of Ancona. He nominated Pierre Jean Olivi for a teaching position at the University of Montpellier.[2]

Gaufredi was also a supporter of the Franciscan tertiary Ramón Llull,[3] and in 1290 gave him a letter of recommendation permitting Llull to teach in Italian monasteries. He was deposed as Minister General by Pope Boniface VIII, in 1295.[4]

Some alchemical writings have been attributed to him.

References[edit]

  1. ^ TheHistoryNet | Science & Engineering | Roger Bacon
  2. ^ [1]: "... promotion by the Minister General, Friar Matthew of Acquasparta, and Friar Raymond Gaufredi to the position of Lector of Theology, first (1287) in the general School of S. Croce in Florence and then (1289) in that of Montpellier."
  3. ^ [2], [3]. Archived February 6, 2007, at the Wayback Machine.
  4. ^ [4]: "Raimondo even ventured to revise the general constitutions at the General Chapter of Paris in 1292, whereupon, having refused the Bishopric of Padua offered him by Boniface VIII, he was compelled by the pope to resign his office."

External links[edit]

Catholic Church titles
Preceded by
Matthew of Aquasparta
Minister General of the Order of Friars Minor
1289–1295
Succeeded by
Giovanni Minio de Murovalle