Raymond de Saussure

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Raymond de Saussure (French: [ʁɛmɔ̃ də sosyʁ]; 2 August 1894 – 29 October 1971) was a Swiss psychoanalyst, the first president of the European Psychoanalytical Federation.[1]


Raymond de Saussure was born in Geneva, the son of the linguist Ferdinand de Saussure. He underwent analysis with Sigmund Freud. He was a founding member of the Paris Psychoanalytic Society before spending time at the Berlin Psychoanalytic Institute undergoing analysis with Franz Alexander. During and after the Second World War he lived in New York City; in 1952, Saussure returned to Switzerland from the United States.[2] He founded the Geneva Museum of the History of Science with Marc Cramer and others in 1955.[3] He founded the European Psychoanalytic Federation with Wilhelm Solms-Rödelheim in 1966, and served as its president until his death.[4]

He died in Geneva in 1971.


  • La méthode psychanalytique (with a preface by Sigmund Freud), 1922.
  • Le miracle grec; étude psychanalytique sur la civilisation hellénique, 1939
  • (with Paul Ricœur, Mircea Eliade and others) L'angoisse du temps présent et les devoirs de l'esprit, 1953
  • (with Jean Vinchon) Mesmer et son secret, 1971
  • (with Léon Chertok) La Naissance du psychanalyse, de Mesmer à Freud, 1973. Translated by R. H. Ahrenfeldt as The therapeutic revolution, from Mesmer to Freud, 1979.


  1. ^ H. Vermorel, 'Raymond de Saussure. First president of the European Psychoanalytical Federation', International Journal of Psychoanalysis 79:1 (February 1998), pp.73-81
  2. ^ Haynal, André (1993). Psychoanalysis and the Sciences. University of California Press. p. 12. ISBN 978-0-520-08299-1. Retrieved 17 September 2012.
  3. ^ Henry Ernest Sigerist (2010). Marcel H. Bickel (ed.). Henry E. Sigerist: Correspondences with Welch, Cushing, Garrison, and Ackerknecht. Peter Lang. p. 387. ISBN 978-3-0343-0320-0. Retrieved 17 September 2012.
  4. ^ Peter Kutter (1992). Psychoanalysis International: Europe. Frommann-Holzboog. pp. 20, 230. ISBN 978-3-7728-1509-6. Retrieved 17 September 2012.