Raymondville, Texas

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Raymondville, Texas
City of Raymondville
Willacy Court House
Willacy Court House
Location of Raymondville, Texas
Location of Raymondville, Texas
Willacy County Raymondville.svg
Coordinates: 26°28′53″N 97°46′59″W / 26.48139°N 97.78306°W / 26.48139; -97.78306Coordinates: 26°28′53″N 97°46′59″W / 26.48139°N 97.78306°W / 26.48139; -97.78306
CountryUnited States
StateTexas
CountyWillacy
Area
 • Total4.13 sq mi (10.68 km2)
 • Land4.12 sq mi (10.66 km2)
 • Water0.01 sq mi (0.03 km2)
Elevation
30 ft (9 m)
Population
 (2010)
 • Total11,284
 • Estimate 
(2019)[2]
10,880
 • Density2,643.99/sq mi (1,020.96/km2)
Time zoneUTC-6 (Central (CST))
 • Summer (DST)UTC-5 (CDT)
ZIP codes
78580, 78598
Area code956
FIPS code48-60836[3]
GNIS feature ID1377181[4]
Websiteraymondvilletx.us

Raymondville is a city in and the county seat of Willacy County, Texas, United States.[5] The population was 11,284 at the 2010 census.[6] It may be included as part of the Brownsville–Harlingen–Raymondville and the Matamoros–Brownsville metropolitan areas.

Raymondville was formed in 1904 by Edward Burleson Raymond, a foreman of the El Sauz Ranch portion of the King Ranch and owner of the Las Majadas Ranch.[7]

Geography[edit]

Raymondville is located at 26°28′53″N 97°46′59″W / 26.48139°N 97.78306°W / 26.48139; -97.78306 (26.481464, –97.783013)[8] and is known as the "Gateway to the Rio Grande Valley." According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 3.8 square miles (9.8 km2), all of it land.

Soils are mostly clay or sandy clay loams which are well drained or moderately well drained. Some fine sandy loams underlie the eastern part of town. These have near neutral pH. Other parts of town have moderately alkaline, somewhat saline soils. Around the southern edge of town is an area of strong salinity which imposes limitations on farmers and gardeners.

Climate[edit]

The climate in this area is characterized by hot, humid summers and generally mild to cool winters. According to the Köppen climate classification, Raymondville has a humid subtropical climate, Cfa on climate maps.[9]

Climate data for Raymondville, Texas (1981–2010)
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Average high °F (°C) 70.5
(21.4)
74.2
(23.4)
80.4
(26.9)
85.9
(29.9)
90.1
(32.3)
94.4
(34.7)
96.7
(35.9)
97.2
(36.2)
92.5
(33.6)
87.2
(30.7)
79.7
(26.5)
71.6
(22.0)
85.0
(29.5)
Average low °F (°C) 47.6
(8.7)
50.6
(10.3)
56.2
(13.4)
62.6
(17.0)
69.3
(20.7)
73.2
(22.9)
73.9
(23.3)
74.0
(23.3)
70.8
(21.6)
63.9
(17.7)
56.0
(13.3)
48.4
(9.1)
62.2
(16.8)
Average precipitation inches (mm) 1.14
(29)
1.55
(39)
1.24
(31)
1.46
(37)
3.03
(77)
2.31
(59)
2.27
(58)
2.31
(59)
5.51
(140)
3.12
(79)
0.99
(25)
1.15
(29)
26.08
(662)
Source: NOAA[10]


Demographics[edit]

Historical population
Census Pop.
19302,050
19404,05097.6%
19509,136125.6%
19609,3852.7%
19707,987−14.9%
19809,49318.9%
19908,880−6.5%
20009,7339.6%
201011,28415.9%
2019 (est.)10,880[2]−3.6%
U.S. Decennial Census[11]

2020 census[edit]

Raymondville racial composition[12]
(NH = Non-Hispanic)[a]
Race Number Percentage
White (NH) 817 7.98%
Black or African American (NH) 418 4.08%
Native American or Alaska Native (NH) 15 0.15%
Asian (NH) 148 1.45%
Some Other Race (NH) 21 0.21%
Mixed/Multi-Racial (NH) 19 0.19%
Hispanic or Latino 8,798 85.95%
Total 10,236

As of the 2020 United States census, there were 10,236 people, 2,826 households, and 2,151 families residing in the city.

2000 census[edit]

As of the census[3] of 2000, 9,733 people, 2,514 households, and 2,016 families were residing in the city. The population density was 2,564.4 people/sq mi (988.9/km2). The 2,842 housing units had an average density of 748.8/sq mi (288.8/km2). The racial makeup of the city was 69.91% White, 3.91% African American, 0.59% Native American, 0.10% Asian, 23.29% from other races, and 2.20% from two or more races. Hispanics or Latinos of any race were 86.63% of the population.

Of the 2,514 households, 41.0% had children under 18 living with them, 57.6% were married couples living together, 18.8% had a female householder with no husband present, and 19.8% were not families. About 18.4% of all households were made up of individuals, and 11.8% had someone living alone who was 65 or older. The average household size was 3.45, and the average family size was 3.97.

In the city, the age distribution was 29.9% under 18, 13.1% from 18 to 24, 27.8% from 25 to 44, 17.5% from 45 to 64, and 11.7% who were 65 or older. The median age was 30 years. For every 100 females, there were 117.5 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 119.5 males.

The median income for a household in the city was $19,729, and for a family was $23,799. Males had a median income of $20,034 versus $14,502 for females. The per capita income for the city was $8,910. About 32.7% of families and 36.2% of the population were below the poverty line, including 45.0% of those under age 18 and 30.7% of those age 65 or over.

In 2010, Raymondville was 77% Catholic, 10.5% Southern Baptist, and 4% United Methodist.[15]

Infrastructure[edit]

Raymondville is the location of three private prisons, all adjacent to each other:[16]

The United States Postal Service operates the Raymondville Post Office.[21]

The Raymondville Independent School District serves the city.

The Reber Memorial Library is located in Raymondville.[22]

The Raymondville Chronicle and Willacy County News, a weekly newspaper, is published in Raymondville.

Notable people[edit]

  • Clinton Manges (1923–2010), businessman; lived in Raymondville, married a native belle, built and owned a bowling alley[23]
  • Angela Via (born 1981), Singer; was born and raised in Raymondville[24]

Films[edit]

Raymondville's history was the subject of the film, Valley of Tears. The movie visits the Mexican-American community that had worked the onion fields of rural South Texas in three different eras, observing how the seeds of change planted 20 years ago seem ready to bear fruit today. Politicians and officials interviewed in the film include Larry Spence, former District Attorney Juan Angel Guerra, Paul Whitworth, Wetegrove families, Dr. Allan Spence, and school-board and city-council members.[25]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "2019 U.S. Gazetteer Files". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved August 7, 2020.
  2. ^ a b "Population and Housing Unit Estimates". United States Census Bureau. May 24, 2020. Retrieved May 27, 2020.
  3. ^ a b "U.S. Census website". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2008-01-31.
  4. ^ "US Board on Geographic Names". United States Geological Survey. 2007-10-25. Retrieved 2008-01-31.
  5. ^ "Find a County". National Association of Counties. Retrieved 2011-06-07.
  6. ^ "Population and Housing Unit Counts, 2010 Census of Population and Housing" (PDF). Texas: 2010. Retrieved 2017-01-05.
  7. ^ Edward Burleson Raymond Archived 2011-07-07 at the Wayback Machine, Texas Historical Marker
  8. ^ "US Gazetteer files: 2010, 2000, and 1990". United States Census Bureau. 2011-02-12. Retrieved 2011-04-23.
  9. ^ Climate Summary for Raymondville, Texas
  10. ^ "National Climatic Data Center (NCDC) 1981-2010 Normals: Raymondville, TX US", NOAA, 2021. Web: [1].
  11. ^ "Census of Population and Housing". Census.gov. Retrieved June 4, 2015.
  12. ^ "Explore Census Data". data.census.gov. Retrieved 2022-05-20.
  13. ^ https://www.census.gov/[not specific enough to verify]
  14. ^ "About the Hispanic Population and its Origin". www.census.gov. Retrieved 18 May 2022.
  15. ^ "Raymondville, Texas (TX 78580) profile: population, maps, real estate, averages, homes, statistics, relocation, travel, jobs, hospitals, schools, crime, moving, houses, news". City-data.com. Advameg, Inc. Retrieved 2013-09-10.
  16. ^ Tyx, Daniel Blue (26 March 2015). "Goodbye to Tent City". Texas Observer. Retrieved 30 July 2016.
  17. ^ "Willacy Detention Facility." U.S. Immigration and Customs Enforcement. Retrieved on May 9, 2010.
  18. ^ Jodi Goodwin, Amy Goodman, & Juan González (February 23, 2007). Raymondville: Inside the Largest Immigration Prison Camp in the US. Democracy Now!. Retrieved 2013-09-10. The largest immigrant prison camp is in Raymondville, Texas. Some two thousand undocumented immigrants are currently being held in the prison awaiting deportation.
  19. ^ "Willacy County State Jail". Corrections Corporation of America. Retrieved 30 July 2016.
  20. ^ "Appeals Court upholds $42.5 million wrongful death suit against Wackenhut". Raymondville Chronicle / Willacy County News. 8 April 2009. Retrieved 30 July 2016.
  21. ^ "Post Office Location - RAYMONDVILLE." United States Postal Service. Retrieved on May 9, 2010.
  22. ^ "Reber Memorial Library." Raymondville Chamber of Commerce. Retrieved on May 9, 2010.
  23. ^ Wilcox, Robert (September 29, 2010) [2006]. "Millionaire Texas Oil Man, Clinton Manges, began his career in Raymondville". Raymondville Chronicle and Willacy County News. Raymondville, Texas. Archived from the original on September 9, 2013.
  24. ^ "Most Popular People Born In "Raymondville/ Texas/ USA"". IMDb. Retrieved 2013-09-10.
  25. ^ Tanzer, Joshua. "film review VALLEY OF TEARS documentary movie about Mexican-American farm workers in rural Texas". Offoffoff.com. Retrieved 2013-09-10. "Valley of Tears" is a look into another world. The little town of Raymondville, Texas, ...near the Rio Grande — which jokingly calls itself "The Breath of a Nation" — is a little piece of America at its most troubling.
  1. ^ Note: the US Census treats Hispanic/Latino as an ethnic category. This table excludes Latinos from the racial categories and assigns them to a separate category. Hispanics/Latinos can be of any race.[13][14]

External links[edit]