Rayo Vallecano

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Rayo Vallecano
Rayo Vallecano logo.png
Full nameRayo Vallecano de Madrid, SAD
Nickname(s)Los Franjirrojos (The Red Sashes)
Los Vallecanos (The Vallecans)
Founded29 May 1924; 97 years ago (1924-05-29)
GroundCampo de Fútbol de Vallecas
OwnerRaúl Martín Presa
PresidentRaúl Martín Presa
Head coachAndoni Iraola
LeagueLa Liga
2020–21Segunda División, 6th of 22 (promoted via play-offs)
WebsiteClub website
Current season

Rayo Vallecano de Madrid, S.A.D. (Spanish pronunciation: [ˈraʝo βaʎeˈkano ðe maˈðɾið]),[a] often abbreviated to Rayo (Spanish for "thunderbolt"), is a Spanish professional football team based in Madrid, in the neighbourhood of Vallecas. Rayo was founded on 29 May 1924, and currently compete in La Liga following promotion from the 2020–21 Segunda División. Home games are held at the 14,708-seater Campo de Fútbol de Vallecas stadium.[2]

Rayo has competed in one European competition, the UEFA Cup in the 2000–01 season. The club made it to the quarter-finals before losing to fellow Spanish club Alavés 4–2 on aggregate.

By historical standard, Rayo is the third best club in Community of Madrid, after Real Madrid and Atlético Madrid.


Establishment and early years[edit]

Rayo Vallecano was founded on 29 May 1924 in the hometown of Prudencia Priego, wife of the club's first president Julián Huerta. Greatly inspired by River Plate (a Football club from Argentina), in 1949, after an agreement with Atlético Madrid, a red diagonal stripe was added to the team's kit, and the club reached Tercera División for the first time in its history.[3]

Yo-yo years[edit]

One of the perennial yo-yo clubs of Spanish football, and always in the shadow of the two biggest clubs in the city (Real Madrid and Atlético Madrid), Rayo Vallecano spent many years during the 1980s and 1990s moving back and forth between La Liga and Segunda División. The 1983-84 season was the worst during the 1980s. The club finished in the last position in Segunda División and was relegated to Segunda División B.[4]

Due to a tragedy Rayo Vallecano turned out to be Laurie Cunningham's last club; he was killed in a car crash just outside Madrid in 1989, after a sole season. He had recently won an F.A. Cup winners medal with Wimbledon F.C. in England the previous year and had also represented neighbours Real Madrid for four years.

They appeared to have consolidated their top flight status after gaining promotion in 1999, and the team's most successful season came in 2000–01 when they reached the quarter-finals of the UEFA Cup, going out only to eventual runners-up Alavés;[5] Rayo finished ninth in the previous campaign, but entered the competition via the fair play draw.[6]

2003–11: Segunda División and below[edit]

However, the club shortly thereafter fell on hard times, enduring successive relegations in 2003 and 2004. For 2005–06 manager Míchel, a Real Madrid legend in the 1980s and '90s, was hired.[7]

Rayo finished the 2006–07 season in second place in Segunda División B, winning the promotion play-off semifinal but losing in the final to Eibar (1–2 aggregate).[8] The following campaign, the team returned to division two after a four-year absence after a victorious run in the playoffs, disposing of Benidorm in the semi-final and Zamora in the last game 2–1 on aggregate.[9]

In its first seasons back in the second tier of Spanish football, Rayo finished comfortably, often either in or just outside the promotion places. In 2010–11, the team ranked in second position and returned to the top flight after an eight-year absence, only trailing champions Real Betis in spite of very serious economic problems.[10][11][12]

2011–: La Liga and Segunda División yo-yo[edit]

Diego Costa with Rayo Vallecano in 2012.

In March 2014, Huawei agreed to sponsor Rayo Vallecano for two league matches against Real Madrid and Athletic Bilbao.[13]

In August 2015, Rayo Vallecano purchased the majority of Oklahoma City FC, a NASL expansion franchise which had yet to officially play a game renaming the club to Rayo OKC, despite the stadium increasingly needing work. It was the first ever entry of a Spanish club into the American sports market and mirrored a 2013 sponsorship agreement with Qbao in terms of expanding the club's profile overseas.[14][15] Rayo OKC folded after a year due to Rayo Vallecano's relegation from La Liga and a dispute between the co-owners led to less finance for the U.S. side.

In May 2016, Rayo Vallecano were relegated to the Segunda División, finishing 18th in the 2015–16 La Liga season. This ended their five-year streak in La Liga, their longest ever stay in the top-flight.[16] Their first season back in the second division was a poor one, with both problems on the field and off, and they finished in 12th position. Rayo went through three different managers in the 2016–17 Segunda División season before finally settling on club legend Míchel.[17] He revived the club from the relegation places to 12th, almost making the playoffs.

At the start of the 2017–18 Segunda División season, the club appointed their recently retired goalkeeper David Cobeño as the sporting director of the club.[18] They secured their promotion with a 1-0 over CD Lugo with one game remaining.[19] That season the club won Segunda División with 76 points in 42 games.[20]

Rayo players during an away La Liga fixture versus Real Valladolid in January 2019

On 20 March 2019, the club appointed Paco Jémez as head coach,[21] and on 4 May, Rayo was relegated back to the Segunda División after losing 4–1 to Levante UD, eventually finishing last[22][23]

In August 2020, the club appointed Andoni Iraola as head coach.[24] They finished sixth and won promotion in the playoffs against Girona FC; despite losing the first leg at home 1–2, the team came back to win the second leg 2-0 away to claim a place in La Liga for 2021–22.[25] In February 2022, Iraola's side defeated RCD Mallorca to make the semi-finals of the Copa del Rey; it was the second time in club history and first since 1982.[26]

Club background[edit]

Flag with the club's crest at Ciudad Deportiva Rayo Vallecano.
  • Agrupación Deportiva El Rayo (29 May 1924 – 13 November 1947)
  • Agrupación Deportiva Rayo Vallecano (13 November 1947 – 1995)
  • Rayo Vallecano de Madrid (1995 – Present)

N.B. Affiliate of Club Atlético de Madrid in 1949–50



Regional Titles

  • Workers Federation of Soccer (1): 1931-1932
  • First Regional Division (1): 1948-1949
  • Second Regional Division (1): 1940-1941
  • Copa de Castilla (5): 1952-1953, 1967-1968, 1970-1971, 1972-1973, 1981-1982
  • Madrid Cup (2): 1952-1953, 1966-1967
  • Copa Ramón Triana (2): 1971-1972, 1973-1974

Season to season[edit]

Season Tier Division Place Copa del Rey
1940–41 5 2ª Reg. 2nd
1941–42 4 1ª Reg. 4th
1942–43 4 1ª Reg. 3rd
1943–44 4 1ª Reg. 7th
1944–45 5 2ª Reg. 2nd
1945–46 4 1ª Reg. 5th
1946–47 4 1ª Reg. 10th
1947–48 4 1ª Reg. 6th
1948–49 4 1ª Reg. 3rd
1949–50 3 14th
1950–51 3 13th
1951–52 3 9th
1952–53 3 7th
1953–54 3 17th
1954–55 3 2nd
1955–56 3 1st
1956–57 2 12th
1957–58 2 6th
1958–59 2 14th First round
1959–60 2 5th First round
Season Tier Division Place Copa del Rey
1960–61 2 16th First round
1961–62 3 3rd
1962–63 3 2nd
1963–64 3 3rd
1964–65 3 1st
1965–66 2 9th First round
1966–67 2 6th First round
1967–68 2 4th Round of 32
1968–69 2 9th
1969–70 2 6th Round of 32
1970–71 2 5th Round of 32
1971–72 2 8th Fourth round
1972–73 2 11th Third round
1973–74 2 14th Round of 16
1974–75 2 8th Fourth round
1975–76 2 9th Second round
1976–77 2 3rd Third round
1977–78 1 10th Third round
1978–79 1 15th Round of 16
1979–80 1 16th Quarter-finals
Season Tier Division Place Copa del Rey
1980–81 2 5th Quarter-finals
1981–82 2 7th Semi-finals
1982–83 2 9th Round of 16
1983–84 2 20th Third round
1984–85 3 2ª B 1st Third round
1985–86 2 15th Fourth round
1986–87 2 5th First round
1987–88 2 5th Round of 32
1988–89 2 2nd First round
1989–90 1 20th Second round
1990–91 2 11th Fifth round
1991–92 2 2nd Fourth round
1992–93 1 14th Fourth round
1993–94 1 17th Fourth round
1994–95 2 2nd Quarter-finals
1995–96 1 19th Third round
1996–97 1 18th Quarter-finals
1997–98 2 8th Second round
1998–99 2 5th First round
1999–2000 1 9th Quarter-finals
Season Tier Division Place Copa del Rey
2000–01 1 14th Round of 16
2001–02 1 11th Quarter-finals
2002–03 1 20th Round of 64
2003–04 2 21st Round of 64
2004–05 3 2ª B 3rd Round of 64
2005–06 3 2ª B 5th Third round
2006–07 3 2ª B 2nd Round of 16
2007–08 3 2ª B 1st Third round
2008–09 2 5th Round of 32
2009–10 2 11th Round of 16
2010–11 2 2nd Third round
2011–12 1 15th Round of 32
2012–13 1 8th Round of 32
2013–14 1 12th Round of 16
2014–15 1 11th Round of 32
2015–16 1 18th Round of 16
2016–17 2 12th Third round
2017–18 2 1st Second round
2018–19 1 20th Round of 32
2019–20 2 7th Round of 16
Season Tier Division Place Copa del Rey
2020–21 2 6th Round of 16
2021–22 1

European history[edit]

Season Round Club Home Away Aggregate
2000–01 UEFA Cup Qualifying round Andorra Constel·lació Esportiva 6–0 10–0 16–0
First round Norway Molde 1–1 1–0 2–1
Second round Denmark Viborg 1–0 1–2 2–2 (a)
Third round Russia Lokomotiv Moscow 2–0 0–0 2–0
Fourth round France Bordeaux 4–1 2–1 6–2
Quarter-finals Spain Alavés 2–1 0–3 2–4

Current squad[edit]

As of 2 February 2022[27]

Note: Flags indicate national team as defined under FIFA eligibility rules. Players may hold more than one non-FIFA nationality.

No. Pos. Nation Player
1 GK France FRA Luca Zidane
2 DF Serbia SRB Nikola Maraš (on loan from Almería)
3 FW Colombia COL Radamel Falcao
4 MF Spain ESP Mario Suárez (3rd captain)
5 DF Spain ESP Alejandro Catena
6 MF Spain ESP Santi Comesaña (vice-captain)
7 FW Spain ESP Isi Palazón
8 FW Argentina ARG Óscar Trejo (captain)
9 MF France FRA Randy Nteka
10 FW Cape Verde CPV Bebé
11 FW Senegal SEN Mamadou Sylla (on loan from Alavés)
12 MF Spain ESP Unai López
No. Pos. Nation Player
13 GK North Macedonia MKD Stole Dimitrievski
16 FW Spain ESP Sergi Guardiola (on loan from Valladolid)
17 MF Spain ESP Martín Merquelanz (on loan from Real Sociedad)
18 MF Spain ESP Álvaro García
19 DF Portugal POR Kévin Rodrigues (on loan from Real Sociedad)
20 DF Albania ALB Iván Balliu
21 MF Senegal SEN Pathé Ciss
23 MF Spain ESP Óscar Valentín
24 DF Montenegro MNE Esteban Saveljich
32 DF Spain ESP Mario Hernández
33 DF Spain ESP Fran García

Reserve team[edit]

Note: Flags indicate national team as defined under FIFA eligibility rules. Players may hold more than one non-FIFA nationality.

No. Pos. Nation Player
26 DF Spain ESP Sergio Gimeno
27 DF Spain ESP Iker Recio
28 MF Spain ESP Álvaro Aguirre
No. Pos. Nation Player
31 MF Spain ESP Manu Navarro
34 MF Spain ESP Vere

Out on loan[edit]

Note: Flags indicate national team as defined under FIFA eligibility rules. Players may hold more than one non-FIFA nationality.

No. Pos. Nation Player
GK Colombia COL Iván Arboleda (on loan to Newell's Old Boys until 30 June 2022)
GK Spain ESP Miguel Morro (on loan to Fuenlabrada until 30 June 2022)
DF Spain ESP Jorge Moreno (on loan to Cultural Leonesa until 30 June 2022)
DF Spain ESP Martín Pascual (on loan to Villarreal B until 30 June 2022)
MF Spain ESP Joni Montiel (on loan to Oviedo until 30 June 2022)
No. Pos. Nation Player
MF Spain ESP José Ángel Pozo (on loan to Al Ahli SC until 30 June 2022)
FW Guinea GUI Lass Bangoura (on loan to Lamia until 30 June 2022)
FW Spain ESP Andrés Martín (on loan to Tenerife until 30 June 2022)
FW Spain ESP Sergio Moreno (on loan to Amorebieta until 30 June 2022)

Current technical staff[edit]

Position Staff
Manager Spain Andoni Iraola
Assistant manager Spain Unai Mendía
Fitness coach Spain Pablo de la Torre
Fitness coach Spain Miguel García
Goalkeeping coach Spain Pedro Moncayo
Analyst Spain Óscar Díaz

Last updated: August 2021
Source: Rayo Vallecano

Notable former players[edit]

Note: this list includes players that have played at least 100 league games and/or have reached international status.


Dates Name
1944–46 Spain Cayetano Sardinero
1946–47 Spain Julián Antón
1947–48 Spain Luis Pérez
1948–49 Spain Tomás Rodríguez Rubio
1949–50 Spain Ramón de la Fuente
1950–51 Spain Anselmo Nogales
1951–52 Spain Félix Huete
1952–53 Spain Lorenzo Sánchez Villar
1954–55 Spain Cándido Machado
1953–54 Spain Patricio Sánchez Calleja
1954–55 Spain Manuel Alepuz
1955–56 Spain Cándido Machado
1956–58 Spain Ramón Colón
1958 Spain Cándido Machado
1958–59 Argentina Lino Taioli
1959 Paraguay Heriberto Herrera
1959–60 Spain Ramón Colón
1960 Spain Alfonso Aparicio
1960–61 Spain Martín Camino
1961 Spain Ramón Cobo
1961 Spain Joseíto
1961–64 Spain Herrero
1964–67 Spain Pedro Eguiluz
July 1967 – June 1969 Spain José Antonio Olmedo
July 1969 – Feb 1971 Spain Manuel Peñalva
Feb 1971 – Jun 1972 Spain Enrique Orizaola
Dates Name
Jul 1972 – Jan 1973 Spain Manuel Vences
Jan 1973 – Jun 1974 Spain José Antonio Olmedo
Jun 1974 – Jun 1975 Uruguay Héctor Núñez
Jun 1975 – Feb 1976 Argentina Spain Alfredo Di Stéfano
Feb – Jun 1976 Spain José Antonio Olmedo
Jul 1976 – Jun 1977 Spain García Verdugo
Jun 1977 – Jun 1978 Uruguay Héctor Núñez
Jul 1978 – Jun 1979 Spain Eduardo González
Jun 1979 – Feb 1980 Uruguay Héctor Núñez
Feb – Jun 1980 Spain Rafael Iriondo
Jun 1980 – Dec 1981 Spain Eduardo González
Dec 1981 – Jun 1982 Spain Manuel Peñalva
Jun 1982 – Jun 1983 Spain Juanjo García
Jul – Nov 1983 Spain Máximo Hernández
Nov 1983 – Jun 1984 Spain Antonio Ruiz
1984–85 Spain Eduardo Caturla
1985–87 Uruguay Héctor Núñez
Jul 1987 – Jan 1990 Spain Felines
Jan – Jun 1990 Spain Emilio Cruz
Jul 1990 – Feb 1992 Spain Eusebio Ríos
Feb 1992 – Jun 1993 Spain José Antonio Camacho
Jul – Nov 1993 Spain Felines
Nov 1993 – Feb 1994 Spain Fernando Zambrano
Feb – Nov 1994 Spain David Vidal
Nov 1994 – Jun 1995 Spain Paquito
Jun – Oct 1995 Spain Pedro Mari Zabalza
Dates Name
Oct 1995 – Apr 1996 Spain Marcos Alonso
July 1996 – Feb 1997 Spain Paquito
Feb – Mar 1997 Spain Fernando Zambrano
Mar – Jun 1997 Spain Máximo Hernández
1997–98 Spain Josu Ortuondo
Jul 1998 – Jun 2001 Spain Juande Ramos
Jul – Oct 2001 Spain Andoni Goikoetxea
Oct 2001 – Jun 2002 Spain Gregorio Manzano
July 2002 – Jan 2003 Spain Fernando Vázquez
Feb – Apr 2003 Paraguay Gustavo Benítez
Apr – Jun 2003 Spain Antonio Iriondo
Jun – Nov 2003 Spain Julen Lopetegui
Nov 2003 – Feb 2004 Argentina Jorge D'Alessandro
Feb – Jun 2004 Spain Txetxu Rojo
Jun 2004 – Jun 2005 Spain Carlos Orúe
Jul 2005 – Jun 2006 Spain Míchel
Jun 2006 – Feb 2010 Spain Pepe Mel
Feb – Jun 2010 Spain Felipe Miñambres
Jul 2010 – Jun 2012 Spain José Ramón Sandoval
Jul 2012 – May 2016 Spain Paco Jémez
Jun – Nov 2016 Spain José Ramón Sandoval
Nov 2016 – Feb 2017 Spain Rubén Baraja
Feb 2017 – Mar 2019 Spain Míchel
Mar 2019 – Aug 2020 Spain Paco Jémez
Aug 2020 – Spain Andoni Iraola

Club presidents[edit]

Dates Name
1924–26 Julián Huerta
1926–27 José Montoya
1927–28 Galo Andrés
1929–30 José Antonio Sánchez
1930–31 Anastasio Sánchez
1931–36 Ángel Martínez
Dates Name
1939–43 Miguel Rodríguez Alzola
1943–46 Ezequiel Huerta
1946–48 José Rodríguez Rubio
1948–55 Miguel Rodríguez Alzola
1955–58 Jerónimo Martínez
1958–61 Tomás Esteras
Dates Name
1961–65 Iván Roiz
1965–73 Pedro Roiz
1973–78 Marcelino Gil
1978–80 Francisco Encinas
1980–81 Luis Quer
1981–89 Francisco Fontán
Dates Name
1989–91 Pedro García Jiménez
1991–94 José María Ruiz Mateos
1994–2011 Teresa Rivero
2011– Raúl Martín Presa


Campo de Fútbol de Vallecas is a football stadium located on Calle Payaso Fofó 1, Vallecas. Opened on 10 May 1976, at first it was called "New Stadium Vallecas", but in January 2004, 13 years after the arrival of the Ruiz-Mateos family in 1991, it changed denominations, as the wife was also named by her husband, businessman José María, the first woman president of an elite football team.

It has a capacity of 14,708 spectators in an all-seated format, and dimensions of 102×64 m. Additionally, one of the goal ends does not have a grandstand, just a big wall with information panels.

In June 2009, the club announced plans for the construction of a new stadium.

Anthems and songs[edit]

Although most people recognise the supporting songs by ska-punk band Ska-P (Rayo Vallecano and Como un rayo), Rayo Vallecano has an official anthem which played at their home stadium before matches.

The club is also known for chanting the song "La Vida Pirata" (English: "The Pirate Life"), a song about pirates, which the Bukaneros are named after.


La vida pirata es la vida mejor (bis)

sin trabajar (bis)

Sin estudiar (bis)

Con la botella de ron (bis)

Soy capitán (bis)

del Santa Inés (bis)

Y en cada puerto tengo una mujer (bis)

La rubia es (bis)

Fenomenal (bis)

Y la morena tampoco esta mal (bis)

Las inglesas con su seriedad (bis)

Y las francesas que todo lo dan (bis)

Si alguna vez (bis)

Me he de casar (bis)

Me he de casar (bis)

Con la del Rayo, una, una y nada más (bis).


''The pirate life is the best life (bis)

without working (bis)

without studying (bis)

With the bottle of rum (bis)

I am captain (bis)

of the "Santa Inés"' (bis)

and in each port, I have a woman (bis)

the blonde is (bis)

phenomenal (bis)

and the brunette is not bad either (bis)

The English women with their seriousness (bis)

And the French women who give everything (bis)

If ever (bis)

I have to marry (bis)

I have to marry (bis)

with the one of Rayo, one, one and no more (bis).''

Club culture, support and community work[edit]

Rayo's ultras, the Bukaneros, are known for their left-wing views and often display political messages and other protests, mainly against the commercialisation of football. Rayo's ultras often display anti-racism and anti-fascist messages, however, and are often ostracised by the government as a result.

The club is known for being one of the last local neighbourhood clubs in Spain, with the club representing the barrio and its working-class status.

The Spanish anti-fascist band Ska-P are outspoken supporters of the club and have dedicated two songs to it, named Como un Rayo and Rayo Vallecano.

Rayo's players are often involved in charity work, one instance of this is that the then club captain Roberto Trashorras, amongst other players, regularly helps out at a homeless shelter.

In late March 2012, in support of the 2011–12 Spanish protests, the squad decided to take one day off from training to join the demonstrations.[28] In 2014, 85-year-old Vallecas resident Carmen Martínez Ayuso was evicted from her house after living there since the 1960s. Rayo Vallecano and particularly coach Paco Jémez were touched by her story, and subsequently offered to fund Martínez for the foreseeable future.[29]


  1. ^ In isolation, Vallecano is pronounced [baʎeˈkano].


  1. ^ "Estadio de Vallecas | Rayo - Web Oficial". Estadio de Vallecas | Rayo - Web Oficial (in Spanish). Retrieved 2020-01-18.
  2. ^ "Estadio de Vallecas | Rayo - Web Oficial". Estadio de Vallecas | Rayo - Web Oficial (in Spanish). Retrieved 2020-01-18.
  3. ^ "Historia resumida del Rayo" [Brief history of Rayo] (in Spanish). Rayo Vallecano. Archived from the original on 7 April 2014. Retrieved 4 April 2014.
  4. ^ "Classification 2nd Division 1983-84". www.bdfutbol.com. Retrieved 2019-11-05.
  5. ^ "Alaves through as Rayo fall". BBC Sport. 15 March 2001. Archived from the original on 7 April 2014. Retrieved 4 April 2014.
  6. ^ "El 'Fair Play', ¿una puerta abierta para jugar en Europa?" ['Fair Play', open door to play in Europe?] (in Spanish). Terra. 20 March 2013. Archived from the original on 7 April 2014. Retrieved 4 April 2014.
  7. ^ "Michel, nuevo entrenador del Rayo" [Michel, new Rayo manager] (in Spanish). ABC. 23 June 2005. Archived from the original on 9 April 2014. Retrieved 4 April 2014.
  8. ^ "El Eibar regresa a Segunda tras remontar ante el Rayo Vallecano" [Eibar returns to Segunda after coming back from behind against Rayo Vallecano] (in Spanish). Diario AS. 24 June 2007. Archived from the original on 7 April 2014. Retrieved 4 April 2014.
  9. ^ "El Rayo vuelve a la División de Plata del fútbol español" [Rayo return to silver category of Spanish football] (in Spanish). Marca. 15 June 2008. Archived from the original on 14 May 2014. Retrieved 4 April 2014.
  10. ^ Dona Teresa takes off mask Archived 2011-04-26 at the Wayback Machine; Football Scouting, 1 March 2011
  11. ^ Unpaid Rayo have sights set on La Liga payday Archived 2012-10-04 at the Wayback Machine; Reuters, 30 March 2011
  12. ^ Los jugadores del Rayo Vallecano seguirán sin cobrar (Rayo Vallecano players will still not be paid) Archived 2011-09-27 at the Wayback Machine; El Correo Gallego, 26 February 2011 (in Spanish)
  13. ^ "Huawei sponsors Rayo Vallecano for two matches, against Real Madrid and Bilbao". GSM Insider. 30 March 2014. Archived from the original on 30 March 2014. Retrieved 30 March 2014.
  14. ^ "Rayo Vallecano set to buy Oklahoma City FC".
  15. ^ "El Rayo compra la mayoría de acciones del Oklahoma City" [Rayo purchases majority of Oklahoma City shares] (in Spanish). AS. 19 August 2015. Archived from the original on 20 August 2015. Retrieved 21 August 2015.
  16. ^ "La Liga: Getafe and Rayo Vallecano relegated, Sporting Gijon stay up".
  17. ^ "Míchel has been appointed the new coach of Rayo Vallecano".
  18. ^ "David Cobeño, new sports director".
  19. ^ "Rayo Vallecano win promotion to La Liga".
  20. ^ "Jornada 42 de Segunda División, Temporada 2017/2018 - liga smartbank, segunda division, campeonato nacional de liga de segunda división, segunda division española, laliga 2 española". www.resultados-futbol.com. Retrieved 2019-12-26.
  21. ^ "Paco Jémez nuevo entrenador del Rayo Vallecano". Rayo Vallecano (in Spanish). Retrieved 2021-10-28.
  22. ^ "Rayo Vallecano relegated to the Segunda Division". Football Espana.
  23. ^ "Primera División, Temporada 2018/2019". www.resultados-futbol.com. Retrieved 2019-12-26.
  24. ^ "Andoni Iraola nuevo entrenador del Rayo Vallecano". Rayo Vallecano | Rayo (in Spanish). Retrieved 2021-10-27.
  25. ^ Brennan, Feargal (2021-06-20). "WATCH: 10-man Rayo Vallecano secure La Liga promotion with battling Girona win". Football Espana. Retrieved 2021-10-27.
  26. ^ "El Rayo de Iraola hace historia en Copa Del Rey al volver 40 años después a semis" [Iraola's Rayo make history in the Copa del Rey by returning to the semis after 40 years]. Marca (in Spanish). 2 February 2022. Retrieved 2 February 2022.
  27. ^ "Plantilla Rayo Vallecano de Madrid - Rayo - Web Oficial". Plantilla Rayo Vallecano de Madrid - Rayo - Web Oficial. Archived from the original on 31 July 2017. Retrieved 15 July 2019.
  28. ^ "Rayo Vallecano players strike over Spanish austerity cuts". When Saturday Comes. 29 March 2012. Archived from the original on 31 March 2012. Retrieved 30 March 2012.
  29. ^ Villalba, Juanjo (January 2015). "Spanish Football Team Rescues an Old Lady". Vice Magazine. 13 (1): 15.

External links[edit]