Rayong Province

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Rayong

ระยอง
Flag of Rayong
Flag
Official seal of Rayong
Seal
Map of Thailand highlighting Rayong Province
Map of Thailand highlighting Rayong Province
CountryThailand
CapitalRayong city
Government
 • GovernorSurasak Charoensirichot (since October 2016)
Area
 • Total3,552 km2 (1,371 sq mi)
Area rankRanked 57th
Population
 (2018)[2]
 • Total723,316
 • RankRanked 35th
 • Density203.6/km2 (527/sq mi)
 • Density rankRanked 14th
Human Achievement Index
 • HAI (2017)0.6578 "high"
Ranked 8th
Time zoneUTC+7 (ICT)
Postal code
21xxx
Calling code038
ISO 3166 codeTH-21

Rayong Province (Thai: ระยอง, pronounced [rā.jɔ̄ːŋ]) is a province (changwat) of Thailand. Neighboring provinces are (from west clockwise) Chonburi, and Chanthaburi. To the south is the Gulf of Thailand.[4]

As of 2016, per capita earnings were higher in Rayong Province than in any other Thai province.[5]

History[edit]

King Taksin (of Thailand) came to Rayong after the fall of Ayutthaya. During a short stay in Rayong he built a navy, and then went on to Chanthaburi to assemble forces to fight the Burmese. There is a shrine in Rayong where local people pay their respects to Taksin.

Geography[edit]

Although the north is hilly, the province consists mostly of low coastal plains. Off the shoreline of Mueang Rayong District is Khao Laem Ya–Mu Ko Samet National Park, consisting of several islands.

Symbols[edit]

The seal of the province shows the island Ko Samet. The provincial tree is Alexandrian laurel (Calophyllum inophyllum).

Economy[edit]

Rayong is one of the three Thai provinces, together with Chonburi and Chachoengsao, at the center of the nation's Eastern Economic Corridor. The three provinces are to become Thailand's hub for manufacturing, research, and services tightly coupled with its ASEAN neighbors and the world logistically. [6] The project is the centerpiece of the government's "Thailand 4.0" economic initiative.[7][8]

Administrative divisions[edit]

Map of districts

The province is divided into eight districts (amphoes). These are further subdivided into 58 sub-districts (tambons) and 388 villages (mubans).

  1. Mueang Rayong
  2. Ban Chang
  3. Klaeng
  4. Wang Chan
  1. Ban Khai
  2. Pluak Daeng
  3. Khao Chamao
  4. Nikhom Phatthana

Human achievement index 2017[edit]

Index for the province Rayong[3]
HAI indices Map Index Rank list
Health 2 0.6458 16th
Education 3 0.6400 7th
Employment 4 0.7921 4th
Income 5 0.7177 9th
Housing and environment 6 0.7009 67th
Family and community life 7 0.5994 44th
Transport and communication 8 0.7660 6th
Participation 9 0.4004 68th
HAI 2017 1 0.6578 8th


Since 2003, United Nations Development Programme (UNDP) in Thailand has tracked progress on human development at sub-national level using the Human achievement index (HAI), a composite index covering all the eight key areas of human development. National Economic and Social Development Board (NESDB) has taken over this task since 2017.[3]
Province Rayong, with an HAI 2017 value of 0.6578, takes the 8th place in the rankings. This is "high" between the values of 0.6246 and 0.6885.

Notes[edit]

Reports (data) from Thai government are "not copyrightable" (Public Domain), Copyright Act 2537 (1994), section 7.

References[edit]

  1. ^ Advancing Human Development through the ASEAN Community, Thailand Human Development Report 2014, table 0:Basic Data (PDF) (Report). United Nations Development Programme (UNDP) Thailand. pp. 134–135. ISBN 978-974-680-368-7. Retrieved 17 January 2016, Data has been supplied by Land Development Department, Ministry of Agriculture and Cooperatives, at Wayback Machine.
  2. ^ "ร่ยงานสถิติจำนวนประชากรและบ้านประจำปี พ.ศ.2561" [Statistics, population and house statistics for the year 2018]. Registration Office Department of the Interior, Ministry of the Interior. stat.bora.dopa.go.th (in Thai). 31 December 2018. Retrieved 20 June 2019.
  3. ^ a b c ดัชนีความก้าวหน้าของคน ปี2560 [Human Achievement Index - HAI year 2017] (PDF). social.nesdb.go.th (Report) (in Thai). National Economic and Social Development Board (NESDB). 2017. pp. 63–64. ISBN 978-974-9769-33-1. Retrieved 14 September 2019, Maps 1-9
  4. ^ "About Rayong". Tourism Authority of Thailand (TAT). Retrieved 1 July 2019.
  5. ^ "Gross Regional and Provincial Product 2016 Edition". National Economic and Social Development Board (NESDB). Retrieved 2 July 2019.
  6. ^ Dunseith, Bradley (29 June 2018). "Thailand's Eastern Economic Corridor – What You Need to Know". ASEAN Briefing. Retrieved 1 July 2019.
  7. ^ "Opportunity Thailand" (PDF). Thailand Board of Investment. Retrieved 1 July 2019.
  8. ^ Lopez, Leslie (24 July 2017). "Thai junta aims to make eastern economic hub its legacy". Straits Times. Retrieved 1 July 2019.

External links[edit]

Coordinates: 12°40′32″N 101°16′42″E / 12.67556°N 101.27833°E / 12.67556; 101.27833