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Company typePublic
S&P 400 Component
Headquarters1 Rayonier Way
Wildlight, Florida 32097
Key people
Dod A. Fraser – Chairman,
David L. Nunes – President and CEO,
Mark McHugh – SVP and Chief Financial Officer[1]
ProductsTimber, real estate
RevenueDecrease US$909 million (2022)[2]
Decrease US$107 million (2022)[2]
Number of employees
419 (322 in US)[2]
Footnotes / references

Rayonier Inc, headquartered in Wildlight, Florida, is a timberland real estate investment trust ("REIT") with assets located in some of the most productive softwood timber growing regions in the United States and New Zealand. Its core business segments are timber and real estate.

As of December 31, 2022, the company owned or leased approximately 2.8 million acres of timberlands overall, located in the U.S. South (1.92 million acres) and U.S. Pacific Northwest (474,000 acres). The company also has a 77% ownership interest in Matariki Forestry Group, a joint venture, that owns or leases approximately 417,000 acres of timberlands in New Zealand.[2]



Rayonier was founded in 1926 as the Rainier Pulp and Paper Company in Shelton, Washington, with a headquarters office in San Francisco, California. Its name was inspired by Mount Rainier in Washington state. Its first mill opened the next year in Shelton Washington, on the Olympic Peninsula. The mill used Tsuga heterophylla (western hemlock) trees to create a premium bleached paper pulp.

In September 1930, Rainier Pulp and Paper began working with the DuPont chemical company to produce hemlock pulp for the manufacture of rayon.[4] Two additional pulp mills were constructed and began operation in the state of Washington at Hoquiam, Washington and Port Angeles, Washington.

Rainier Pulp and Paper changed its name to Rayonier, a portmanteau of the words rayon and Rainier, in 1937, when it became a publicly traded company. The following year, the company acquired timber stands in the southeastern United States, and began construction of a Fernandina Beach, Florida, pulp mill, which began production in 1939.[5]

In 1944, the company moved its offices to New York City. As World War II ended, Rayonier began making large land purchases in the Pacific Northwest. The Rayonier Foundation was created in 1952 to provide assistance to charitable, civic and education organizations in the communities where Rayonier did business.[citation needed]

Rayonier opened international sales offices in Europe and Asia during 1954. That same year, another pulp mill in the southeast was constructed at Jesup, Georgia. High demand prompted the facility to double its capacity by 1957.[citation needed]

ITT purchased the company in 1968 and the name changed to ITT Rayonier.[6]

The Jesup mill grew larger in 1974, becoming the largest pulp mill on earth.[7]

Company headquarters were moved again in 1978; this time to Stamford, Connecticut.

Diplomatic relations with China were restored in 1979. The following year, Rayonier received orders for pulp and logs. It took almost five years to receive permission to open an office in Beijing in 1985.[citation needed]

A log-trading office was opened in New Zealand during 1988. The New Zealand government sold Rayonier 250,000 acres (1,000 km2) of timberland in 1992.[citation needed]

The company was spun off from ITT in 1994 with the company name reverting to Rayonier and shares again traded on the New York Stock Exchange.

Rayonier purchased 969,000 acres (3,920 km2) of timberland in Florida, Georgia and Alabama in 1999, then relocated the corporate offices to Jacksonville, Florida, to be closer to company employees and properties.[8]

Rayonier converted to a real estate investment trust (REIT) on January 1, 2004.[9] TerraPointe LLC was established in 2005 to manage properties with development potential.[10]

The 2006 purchase of 228,000 acres (920 km2) in six states brought the company's total of land owned, leased or managed to 2,600,000 acres (11,000 km2) in the U.S. and New Zealand.

In March 2008, the company purchased 56,300 acres (228 km2) for $215 million in southwest Washington state from Sierra Pacific [11]

In March 2013, the company sold its wood products division, including its mills in Baxley, Swainsboro, and Eatonton, Georgia, to British Columbia-based International Forest Products (Interfor) for $80 million.[12]

In April 2013, the company increased its shareholding in the joint venture Matariki Forestry Group in New Zealand from 26% to 65% for $140 million.[3]

In May 2014, Rayonier named David L. Nunes as post-separation president and CEO for Rayonier.[13]

A class action against members of the former management team by certain shareholders was launched for the period from October 26, 2010, to November 7, 2014, claiming over-harvesting while communicating publicly harvesting below a sustainable rate.[14] On October 5, 2017, the court entered orders approving the settlement and a plan of distribution terminating these class actions.

In June 2014, Rayonier spun off its performance fibers business into an independent, publicly traded company, Rayonier Advanced Materials Inc. (NYSE: RYAM).[15][16] Shareholders of Rayonier received one share of the new Rayonier Advanced Materials company for every three shares of Rayonier on June 27, 2014.[1][17]

In August 2015, Rayonier announced its ownership in the New Zealand joint venture will increase from 65% to approximately 77%, as part of an anticipated recapitalization of the JV.[18]

In May 2016, Rayonier announced upgrades to it Pacific Northwest timberland portfolio through the acquisition of 61,000 acres of timberlands in western Oregon for $263 million, and a disposition of 55,000 acres comprising predominantly pre-merchantable timber in Washington state for $130 million.[19]

In August 2017, Rayonier consolidated its corporate headquarters, real estate, and forest resources offices into a newly constructed, state-of-the-art building in Wildlight, Florida.[20] The company is currently constructing a 23,600 acre development in Wildlight.[21] It began work on phase two of the project in 2022, developing 15,000 acres of land.[22]

In May 2020, Rayonier acquired Pope Resources in the Pacific Northwest.[2]

Business segments

  • Timber (77% of total sales for 2022)
  • U.S. real estate (15% of total sales for 2022)
  • Trading (8% of total sales for 2022).[2]


  1. ^ a b c "Rayonier Completes Separation of Rayonier Advanced Materials". Retrieved July 5, 2014.
  2. ^ a b c d e f "SEC 10-K 2022". Retrieved April 21, 2023.
  3. ^ a b "Rayonier Annual Report 2013 10k". Retrieved April 22, 2014.
  4. ^ Rayonier History, B.B. Thomas, 17 April 1968
  5. ^ Erickson, Russell (January 1, 1963). The Story of Rayonier Incorporated. Newcomen Press.
  6. ^ Cole, Robert J. (September 15, 1981). "I.T.T. HOLDS RAYONIE SALES TALKS". The New York Times. ISSN 0362-4331. Retrieved September 24, 2023.
  7. ^ Metha, Guatama. "Georgia pulp mill accused of polluting Altamaha River. How is the state responding?". Macon.com.
  8. ^ "Fla. Companies With Promise". FloridaTrend.com. Retrieved July 9, 2017.
  9. ^ "Rayonier, Inc. History". Rayonier.com. Retrieved July 9, 2017.
  10. ^ Gordon, Mark (2008). The Complete Guide to Investing in REITs, Real Estate Investment Trusts: How to Earn High Rates of Return Safely. Atlantic Publishing Company. p. 222. ISBN 978-1-60138-256-6.
  11. ^ "Rayonier to buy timberlands for $215 mln". Reuters. March 12, 2008. Retrieved July 9, 2017.
  12. ^ "Interfor buys three Georgia sawmills from Rayonier for $80 million". Canadian Business. Retrieved March 6, 2013.
  13. ^ "Rayonier - Investor Relations - Press Release". phx.Corporate-IR.net. Retrieved July 9, 2017.
  14. ^ "IN RE RAYONIER INC. SECURITIES LITIGATION" (PDF). SAXENA WHITE P.A. September 25, 2015. Retrieved July 5, 2017.
  15. ^ "Separation of Performance Fibers" (PDF). Rayonier. January 27, 2014. Retrieved April 23, 2014.
  16. ^ "Rayonier Names David Nunes Post-Separation CEO for Rayonier" (PDF). Rayonier. May 12, 2014. Retrieved May 21, 2014.
  17. ^ "Rayonier - Investor Relations - RSS Content". phx.Corporate-IR.net. Retrieved July 9, 2017.
  18. ^ "Rayonier - Investor Relations - Press Release". phx.Corporate-IR.net. Retrieved July 9, 2017.
  19. ^ "Rayonier Upgrades Pacific Northwest Timberland Portfolio Through Acquisition of 61,000 acres and Disposition of 55,000 acres". Rayonier. May 2, 2016. Retrieved November 10, 2018.
  20. ^ "Rayonier officially moves headquarters to Nassau County". Jax Daily Record. November 6, 2017. Retrieved September 24, 2023.
  21. ^ Scanlan, Dan. "Nassau's county attorney resigns after State Attorney's Office findings that he 'committed criminal acts'". The Florida Times-Union. Retrieved September 24, 2023.
  22. ^ Godwin, Brent. "Rayonier beginning work on 15,000 acres for second phase of Wildlight". www.bizjournals.com. Retrieved September 24, 2023.