|Type||land attack and limited air-to-air|
|In service||1972 - 2005|
|Manufacturer||Saab-Scania, Missiles and Electronics|
|Weight||305 kg (672 lb)|
|Length||3.6 m (11.8 ft)|
|Diameter||0.3 m (11.8 in)|
|Warhead||160 kg high explosive|
|Engine||liquid propellant rocket motor|
|Wingspan||0.8 m (31.5 in)|
|9 km (5.6 mi/4.9 nm)|
|optical manual command|
|AJ 37 Viggen|
The Rb 05 was developed as a ground attack missile for the AJ 37 Viggen in 1967, and was issued for operative use in 1972.
It was later discovered that the missile also could be used in air-to-air against slow-manoeuvring aircraft like transports and helicopters.
The missile would usually be launched after a high-speed attack run on very low altitude and climb to 400m for launch. The supersonic speed was deemed necessary to reduce the threat of surface-to-air missiles. Since RB 05 was roll-stabilized, the aircraft did not need to be aimed straight at the target when launching, and would immediately descend again.
Tracking the flares on the missile, the pilot would then guide the missile optically (the missile's engine was smokeless as to not obscure the view) with a joystick towards the target. Guidance commands were transmitted to the missile via a jam-proof radio transmission link.
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