Reading F.C.

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Reading
Reading FC.svg
Full name Reading Football Club
Nickname(s) The Royals
Founded 1871; 147 years ago (1871)
Ground Madejski Stadium
Ground Capacity 24,161[1]
Owner Dai Yongge and Dai Xiuli (majority)
Manager Paul Clement
League Championship
2017–18 Championship, 20th of 24
Website Club website
Current season

Reading Football Club (/ˈrɛdɪŋ/ (About this sound listen) RED-ing) is a professional association football club based in Reading, Berkshire, England. The team play in the Championship, the second tier of English football.

Reading are nicknamed The Royals, due to Reading's location in the Royal County of Berkshire, though they were previously known as The Biscuitmen, due to the town's association with Huntley and Palmers. Established in 1871, the club is one of the oldest teams in England, but did not join The Football League until 1920, and had never played in the top tier of English football league system before the 2006–07 season. The club competed in the 2012–13 Premier League season, having gained promotion at the end of the 2011–12 season after winning the Championship, but were relegated after just one season back in the top flight.

The club played at Elm Park for 102 years between 1896 and 1998. In 1998 the club moved to the new Madejski Stadium, which is named after the club's co-chairman Sir John Madejski.

The club holds the record for the number of successive league wins at the start of a season, with a total of 13 wins at the start of the 1985–86 Third Division campaign and also the record for the number of points gained in the professional league season with 106 points in the 2005–06 Football League Championship campaign. Reading then finished eighth in the 2006–07 Premier League, their first ever season as a top flight club.

History[edit]

Reading were formed on 25 December 1871, following a public meeting at the Bridge Street Rooms organised by the future club secretary Joseph Edward Sydenham.[2][3] The early matches were played at Reading Recreation Ground, and later the club held fixtures at Reading Cricket Ground, Coley Park and Caversham Cricket Ground.[2] The switch to professionalism in 1895 resulted in the need for a bigger ground and, to this end, the club moved again, to the purpose-built Elm Park on 5 September 1896.[4] In 1913, Reading had a successful tour of Italy, prompting the leading sports newspaper Corriere della Sera to write "without doubt, Reading FC are the finest foreign team seen in Italy".[5]

The team from the 1926–27 season

Reading were elected to the Football League Third Division South of the Football League in 1920. Reading's best performance in the FA Cup came in 1926–27 when they lost to eventual winners Cardiff City at Wolverhampton in the semi-final, a placement the club would not match again until 2015, when they lost to holders Arsenal in the semi-final. Reading lost their place in Division Two in May 1931, and remained in Third Division South until the outbreak of World War II. The club won the Southern Section Cup, beating Bristol City in the two-legged final in 1938, and when taking part in the regional London War League and Cup competitions, gained another honour by beating Brentford in the London War Cup Final of 1941 by 3–2 at Stamford Bridge.

When League football resumed after the war, Reading quickly came to prominence once again. The club's record victory, 10–2 versus Crystal Palace, was recorded in September 1946, and Reading twice finished runners-up in the Third (South), in 1948–49 and 1951–52, but they were denied a return to Division Two as only the champions were promoted.[2] The side's moment of cup glory came in 1988 when they won the Simod Cup, beating a number of top flight sides en route to their Wembley win over Luton Town. Reading were promoted to the Second Division as champions in 1986 under the management of Ian Branfoot, but were relegated back to the Third Division in 1988.

The appointment of Mark McGhee as player-manager, shortly after the takeover by John Madejski, in 1991 saw Reading move forward.[6] They were crowned champions of the new Division Two in 1994. Thirty-five-year-old striker Jimmy Quinn was put in charge of the first team alongside midfielder Mick Gooding and guided Reading to runners-up in the final Division One table – only to be denied automatic promotion because of the streamlining of the Premier League, from 22 teams to 20. In 1995, Reading had eased past Tranmere Rovers in the play-off semi-finals and looked to have booked their place in the Premier League only to lose against Bolton Wanderers in the final. Quinn and Gooding's contracts were not renewed two years later after Reading had slid into the bottom half of Division One. Their successor, Terry Bullivant, lasted less than one season before being sacked in March 1998.

The last ever competitive match played at Elm Park between Reading and Norwich City in May 1998

The year 1998 also saw Reading move into the new 24,200 all-seater Madejski Stadium, named after Chairman John Madejski. Tommy Burns had taken over from Terry Bullivant but lasted just 18 months before being replaced by Alan Pardew, who had previously been reserve team manager before being released. The club finished third in 2000–01 qualifying for the play-offs, losing 2–3 in the final against Walsall at the Millennium Stadium in Cardiff.[7] Reading returned to Division One for 2002–03 after finishing runners-up in Division Two. The following season, they finished fourth in Division One and qualified for the play-offs, where they lost in the semi-final to Wolverhampton Wanderers. Alan Pardew moved to West Ham United[8] the following October and was replaced by Steve Coppell.[9]

Reading won the 2005–06 Championship with a league record 106 points, scoring 99 goals and losing only twice.[10] Reading were promoted to English football's top division for the first time in their history. The 2006–07 season saw Reading make their first appearance in the top flight of English football. Reading defied pre-season predictions of relegation to finish the season in eighth place with 55 points.[11] Reading turned down the chance to play in the UEFA Intertoto Cup.[12] In the run up to their second season in the Premier League, Reading took part in the 2007 Peace Cup in South Korea.[13] This second season was less successful, however, and Reading were relegated back to the Championship.[14]

Reading started the 2008–09 season with a 15 match unbeaten home run. They finished fourth and qualify for the play-offs,[15] where they lost to Burnley in the semi-final. Manager Steve Coppell resigned just hours after the game,[16] replaced by Brendan Rodgers.[17] Rodgers left the club by mutual consent on 16 December 2009 and Brian McDermott made caretaker manager the same day.[18] In the 2010–11 FA Cup, Reading reached the quarter-final, where they lost 1–0 to Manchester City at Etihad Stadium,[19] Reading eventually finished fifth in the Championship to qualify for the division's play-offs.[20] After beating Cardiff City in the semi-finals, they lost 4–2 to Swansea City in the final at Wembley.[21][22] In the 2011–12 season, a streak of good form in the second half of the season, ensured promotion to the Premier League on 17 April 2012 with 1–0 home win against Nottingham Forest.[23]

McDermott led Reading to their first Premier League win of the 2012–13 season on 17 November 2012 at their 11th attempt, defeating Everton 2–1 at home.[24] On 11 March 2013, however, he left his position at Reading.[25] Nigel Adkins was then appointed as manager, though he was unable to save them from relegation after drawing Queens Park Rangers 0–0 on 28 April 2013 at Loftus Road. The following season back in the Championship saw Reading make two high-profile signings in Wayne Bridge and Royston Drenthe in hope of an immediate return to the Premier League. Reading, however, missed out on the playoffs because of a last minute winner from Brighton & Hove Albion's Leonardo Ulloa, which meant they made the playoffs at Reading's expense.

The summer before the 2014–15 season saw further arrivals of Jamie Mackie on loan, Oliver Norwood and the return of Simon Cox. The club was under a high threat of administration, causing departures of Sean Morrison and Adam le Fondre and a Thai consortium taking over the club. A good start to Nigel Adkins' second season in charge was followed by a poor run of results that ended with his sacking after the 6–1 away defeat to Birmingham City with Steve Clarke taking over the next day in the hope of a promotion push. However, a lack of goals and some poor form in the league meant the club faced some fears of relegation to League One, but luckily safety was secured with few games to spare. Nonetheless during that time, the club embarked on a successful FA Cup journey, reaching the semi-final where they were unlucky to lose 2–1 to Arsenal at Wembley.

The 2015–16 season saw the departures of long-serving players Adam Federici to AFC Bournemouth, Alex Pearce to Derby County and Jem Karacan to Galatasaray, but the arrivals Stephen Quinn and Paul McShane from Hull City, Orlando Sá from Legia Warsaw and Jonathan Bond from newly promoted Premier League side Watford. The summer spending continued, with goalkeeper Ali Al Habsi joining from recently relegated League 1 side Wigan Athletic, Paolo Hurtado from Paços de Ferreira and Andrew Taylor and Álex Fernández in on loan. The club then signed Lucas Piazon on a season-long loan deal from Chelsea just before the deadline day, as well as the signings of winger Ola John from Benfica and striker Matěj Vydra from Watford, both likewise season-long loan deals. The club would finish 17th that season.

In the summer leading up to the 2016–17 season the club announced the departure of Brian McDermott and eventually he was to be replaced by former Manchester United defender Jaap Stam.[26] Under Stam, Reading achieved their highest finish since relegation back to the Championship by finishing third and reaching the play-offs, where they beat Fulham on aggregate before facing Huddersfield Town in the final at Wembley where they lost on penalties following 0–0 draw after extra time. On 21 March, Stam left Reading with immediate effect.[27] Two days later, 23 March 2018, Paul Clement was appointed as Readings new manager.[28]

Crest and colours[edit]

Reading F.C. crest (1987–96)
A change from 1965 to 1969 saw Reading run out in sky blue[29]

The first crest to appear on a Reading kit was in 1953, it featured just the letter "R". There was no crest seen again until 1981 when there was a crest featuring three trees and the rivers Thames and Kennet, this only lasted two seasons. From 1987–96 the crest used the new kit colours of yellow, sky blue, royal blue and white.[29] In 1995 chairman Sir John Madejski said, "I know some traditionalists will say we should keep the old badge but they should bear in mind the need to move forward." This crest only lasted from 1996–98 when the club moved to the new Madejski Stadium.[30] The current crest was first seen on the kits for the 1998–99 season.[29] It is based on the club colours, blue and white, and includes a crown to represent the County of Berkshire and a Maiwand Lion to represent Reading.[31]

Stadium[edit]

The club played at Reading Recreation Ground until 1878, before moving on to Reading Cricket Ground (1878–1882), Coley Park (1882–1889) and Caversham Cricket Ground (1889–1896).

Elm Park was Reading's stadium for 102 years, pictured in 1981

In 1889, Reading were unable to continue playing at Coley Park as W B Monck (the local squire) no longer allowed football due to "rowdyism [by] the rougher elements".[32] With club membership exceeding 300 by the time the club went professional in 1895, Reading required a proper ground. A meeting the following year determined that funding would be difficult.[32] £20 was donated by J C Fidler, on the proviso that "no liquors were to be sold" on site.[32] The rest of the cost was financed through donations by wealthy supporters, as well as one large individual donation.[33] A former gravel pit in West Reading was identified as the site.[34] The first game at Elm Park was held on 5 September 1896 between Reading and A Roston Bourke's XI. The visitors were a scratch team from Holloway College.[35] £44 was taken on the gate, with an attendance of approximately 2,500.[33]

In 1908, the club's annual general meeting proposed moving to a new ground near Reading railway station. A board meeting the following year decided that the move would not be possible, as "there was no chance of a move to the ground near to the GWR railway stations due to the actions of the Great Western Railway".[35]

The Madejski Stadium has been Reading's home ground since 1998

In 1994, the Taylor Report made an all-seater stadium compulsory in the top two divisions (the Premier League and the first division). Reading were champions of the second division in 1994, and were promoted to the first division. Reading became subject to the Taylor requirements, though converting Elm Park to an all-seater stadium would have been impractical.[35] Instead, a location in Smallmead (to the south of the town) was identified as the site for a new stadium.[35] The former council landfill site was bought for £1, with further conditions that the development of the stadium would include part-funding of the A33 relief road.[36] Expansion of the club's home would also allow alternative commercial ventures (particularly leisure facilities) and shared use with other teams (such as rugby union clubs Richmond and London Irish).[36] The last competitive match at Elm Park took place on 3 May 1998 against Norwich City, with Reading losing 1–0.[37] Reading began the 1998–99 season at the Madejski Stadium.[35] It was opened on 22 August 1998 when Luton Town were beaten 3–0.[38] The stadium cost more than £50 million to build.[39] For the first time in its history, Reading Football Club participated in the Premier League in the 2006–07 season. As a result of the sell-out crowds for their first few fixtures of the season, the club announced their intention, in October 2006,[40] to make a planning application to extend the ground to between 37,000 and 38,000 seats. The application was made on 24 January 2007, proposing initially the extension of the East Stand with a further 6,000 seats (raising capacity to around 30,000) and subsequently extension of the North and South Stands to reach the full proposed capacity.[41] On 24 May 2007, it was announced that planning permission had been granted to extend the stadium to a capacity of 36,900.[42] Reading have made plans for a new training ground at Bearwood Golf Club to replace Hogwood park their current training facility.

On 5 July 2016, at the end of Eamonn Dolan's funeral, Reading announced that the North Stand would be renamed the "Eamonn Dolan Stand".[43]

Support[edit]

Supporters at a Reading match at Elm Park in 1913

In 1930, the Reading Football Supporters’ Club (RFSC) was formed to represent the interests of supporters of the club and to assist in raising funds for the football club. On 18 March 2002, the Supporters' Trust at Reading become the official successor to the RFSC.

In 2001, Reading became the first football club to register their fans as an official member of their squad, giving the "player" registered with squad number 13 as 'Reading Fans'.[44][45]

For the 2015–16 season, Reading had 12,983 season ticket holders - ranked tenth in the Championship and almost identical to former league champions Leeds United. The figure for that season was greater than the 12,552 recorded in the previous season, but down from the 2013–14 Championship peak of 14,547.[46] The average attendance for the 2015–16 season was 17,570 - the tenth highest in the Championship.[47][48]

Rivalries[edit]

Before going out of business in 1992, Aldershot were Reading's biggest rivals.[49][50] Aldershot were, geographically, the closest Football League club to Reading.[51] There was a strong rift between the two sets of fans, with fighting between fans occurring on several occasions. Strong feelings remain between fans of Reading and fans of Aldershot Town, the refounded club in Aldershot. Aldershot Town were promoted into the Football League in 2008, but the clubs haven't met in a competitive match since the demise of the original club. Aldershot were relegated out of the league in 2013, having entered administration, reducing the chances of a competitive meeting between the two sides in the near future.[52]

Since Aldershot's exile, Reading's main local rivalries have been with Oxford United and Swindon Town. When the three teams had shared a division, their rivalry was referred to as the "Didcot Triangle".[53][54] However, the rivalry between Oxford and Swindon is stronger than between either of the two and Reading, largely due to them both spending their recent history in lower divisions than Reading, and spending their previous history in higher divisions than Reading.[55] In 2012, a small survey showed that Reading's main rivals were Aldershot Town, followed by Swindon Town and Oxford United.[56]

Reading has been viewed as rivals by fans of Bournemouth, Brighton & Hove Albion and Wycombe Wanderers, although any rivalry between these clubs in viewed as less important to Reading fans than with the aforementioned sides.[55][56]

Sponsorship[edit]

Period Kit manufacturer Shirt sponsor
1976–77 Umbro
1977–81 Bukta
1981–82
1982–83 Reading Chronicle
1983–84 Umbro Radio 210
1984–89 Patrick Courage
1989–90 Matchwinner
1990–92 HAT Painting
1992–93 Brooks Auto Trader
1993–96 Pelada
1996–99 Mizuno
1999–2001 Westcoast
2001–04 Kit@
2004–05 Puma
2005–08 Kyocera
2008–15 Waitrose[57]
2015–16 Carabao Daeng (home)[58]
Thai Airways (away)[59]
2016–19 Carabao Daeng [60]

Additional kit sponsors[edit]

During the 2013–14 season and 2014–15 season the Marussia F1 logo was on the back of the shirts as part of a sponsorship deal between former Russian owner Anton Zingarevich and Russian owned Marussia F1. This deal continued until the team entered administration in October 2014. The sponsorship deal ended despite the team surviving and racing in the 2015 Formula One season. During the 2015–16 season, Waitrose was on the back of the home shirt whilst Euro Cake was on the back of the away shirt, meanwhile Legend Alliance sponsored the shorts for the season. Waitrose and Euro Cake sponsored the home and away kits respectively again for the 2016–17 season. Cherwell Software took sponsorship of the back of the home shirt for the 2017–18 season while Euro Cake sponsored the back of the away shirt again for the third consecutive season.

Ownership and finances[edit]

Reading Football Club ownership structure: 75% Owned by Renhe Sports Management Ltd, 100% owned by Xiu Li Dai and Yongge Dai. 25% Owned by Narin Niruttinanon

Reading F.C. Directors: Xiu Li Dai, Yongge Dai, Ronald Gourlay, Narin Niruttinanon, Nigel Howe

Players[edit]

As of 17 July 2018[61]

First-team squad[edit]

Note: Flags indicate national team as defined under FIFA eligibility rules. Players may hold more than one non-FIFA nationality.

No. Position Player
1 Italy GK Vito Mannone
2 Wales DF Chris Gunter
4 Netherlands MF Joey van den Berg
5 Republic of Ireland DF Paul McShane (captain)
6 England DF Liam Moore
8 England MF George Evans
10 England MF John Swift
11 England DF Jordan Obita
12 Jamaica MF Garath McCleary
14 Nigeria FW Sone Aluko
15 England MF Callum Harriott
16 Wales MF David Edwards
17 The Gambia FW Modou Barrow
19 Curaçao MF Leandro Bacuna
20 Portugal DF Tiago Ilori
22 Netherlands MF Pelle Clement
23 Iceland FW Jón Daði Böðvarsson
24 England DF Tyler Blackett
25 Romania MF Adrian Popa
No. Position Player
31 Finland GK Anssi Jaakkola
37 Iceland DF Axel Andrésson
38 Republic of Ireland MF Liam Kelly
39 Republic of Ireland MF Josh Barrett
41 England MF Ryan East
42 England MF Andy Rinomhota
43 England GK George Legg
50 England DF Omar Richards
51 England MF Tyler Frost
55 England FW Sam Smith
56 England FW Danny Loader
57 England DF Tom Holmes
Ghana DF Andy Yiadom
Republic of Ireland DF John O'Shea
Netherlands DF Darren Sidoel
Republic of Ireland MF David Meyler
Scotland FW Marc McNulty
Ivory Coast FW Yakou Méïte

Under-23 squad[edit]

Note: Flags indicate national team as defined under FIFA eligibility rules. Players may hold more than one non-FIFA nationality.

No. Position Player
40 Australia GK Liam Driscoll
44 England GK Lewis Ward
45 England FW Ben House
46 England DF Teddy Howe
48 England DF Ramarni Medford-Smith
49 England DF Gabriel Osho
52 Australia MF Joel Rollinson
54 England MF Ade Shokunbi
58 Scotland MF Jordan Holsgrove
60 England MF Andre Burley
61 England MF Cameron Green
No. Position Player
62 England MF Jack Nolan
67 England DF Akinwale Odimayo
England GK Luke Southwood
England DF Jamal Balogun
Scotland DF Thomas McIntyre
England MF Ethan Coleman
England MF Samuel Faniyan
England MF Moroyin Omolabi
England MF Jazz Wallace
England FW Adam Liddle

Under-18 squad[edit]

Note: Flags indicate national team as defined under FIFA eligibility rules. Players may hold more than one non-FIFA nationality.

No. Position Player
England GK James Hilson
England GK Adam Desbois
England DF Marcel Elva-Fountaine
England DF Emmanuel Obamakinwa
England DF Roberto Nditi
England MF Oli Pendlebury
England MF Khalid Simmo
No. Position Player
England MF Thierry Nevers
England MF Charlie Lawrence
England MF Jacob Pemberton
England MF Terrance Saydee
England FW Josh Obioma
England FW Leon Okuboyejo

Out on loan[edit]

Note: Flags indicate national team as defined under FIFA eligibility rules. Players may hold more than one non-FIFA nationality.

No. Position Player
28 Netherlands DF Danzell Gravenberch (at KSV Roeselare until end of 2018/19 season)
30 England DF Tennai Watson (at AFC Wimbledon until end of 2018/19 season)
No. Position Player
36 United States FW Andrija Novakovich (at Fortuna Sittard until end of 2018/19 season)

Records and statistics[edit]

Reading's progress through the English football league system from 1920 to present.

Reading hold the record for the number of successive league wins at the start of a season, with a total of 13 wins at the start of the 1985–86 Third Division campaign[62] and also the record for the number of points gained in a professional league season with 106 points in the 2005–06 Football League Championship campaign.[63] Reading finished champions of their division on both of these occasions.[62][64]

The club's largest win was a 10–2 victory over Crystal Palace on 4 September 1946 in the Football League Third Division South.[62] Reading's heaviest loss was an 18–0 defeat against Preston North End in the FA Cup 1st round on 27 January 1894.[62] Reading have lost the two highest-scoring matches in the history of the Premier League; Portsmouth 7–4 Reading on 29 September 2007, and Tottenham Hotspur 6–4 Reading on 29 December 2007, as well as losing the highest-scoring League Cup game, Reading 5–7 Arsenal on 30 October 2012.

The player with the most league appearances is Martin Hicks, with 500 from 1978 to 1991.[62] The most capped player is Kevin Doyle, who earned 26 for the Republic of Ireland whilst at the club.[62][65] The most league goals in total and in a season are held by Ronnie Blackman with 158 from 1947 to 1954 and 39 in 1951–52 respectively.[62] The player with the most league goals in a game is Arthur Bacon with six against Stoke City in 1930–31.[62] The first Reading-based player to play in the FIFA World Cup was Bobby Convey in 2006 with the United States.[62] The record time for a goalkeeper not conceding a goal is held by Steve Death at 1,103 minutes in 1978–79, which is a former English league record in itself.[66]

Reading's highest attendance at Elm Park was in 1927, when 33,042 spectators watched Reading defeat Brentford 1–0.[67] The highest attendance at the Madejski Stadium is 24,184 for the Premier League game with Everton on 17 November 2012.

The highest transfer fee received for a Reading player is the £6.6 million 1899 Hoffenheim paid for Gylfi Sigurðsson on 31 August 2010.[62][68] The most expensive player Reading have ever bought was Sone Aluko, who cost £7.5 million from Fulham on 29 August 2017.[62][69]

Gylfi Sigurðsson and Samúel Friðjónsson became the first players from the Reading academy to feature in a World Cup squad by being named by Iceland for the 2018 FIFA World Cup.[70][71] Gylfi Sigurðsson went on to became the first academy graduate to score at the World Cup in Iceland's 2–1 defeat to Croatia on 26 June 2018, after becoming the first academy graduate to play in the World Cup with his appearance against Argentina on 16 June 2018.[72]

Notable players[edit]

In 1999, Reading commissioned a poll of the supporters' "Player of the Millennium" to determine the club's best ever player.[73]

Pos. Player
1 England Robin Friday
2 England Trevor Senior
3 England Steve Death
Trinidad and Tobago Shaka Hislop
5 England Phil Parkinson
6 England Alf Messer
7 Northern Ireland Jimmy Quinn
8 England Michael Gilkes
9 England Ronnie Blackman
10 England Martin Hicks

Player of the season[edit]

International players[edit]

Former players[edit]

Club officials[edit]

Board of Directors & Senior Club Staff

  • Chief Executive: Ron Gourlay
  • Board of Directors: Yongge Dai, Xiu Li Dai, Narin Niruttinanon, Nigel Howe, Ron Gourlay
  • Commercial Director: Adam Benson
  • Club Secretary: Sue Hewett
  • Financial Controller: Bryan Stabler
  • Vice Chairman: Sir John Madejski

Management team[74][75][76][77]

Managers[edit]

Women's team[edit]

In May 2006, Reading launched the Reading FC Women's team. They used to play in the FA Premier League Southern Division. From 2014, Reading FC Women played in the FA Women's Super League 2 until they won promotion to the FA Women's Super League 1 in 2015 after winning the league. In the 2017–18 season, they finished fourth in the Women's Super League - their highest league position to date.[78] The team currently plays at Adams Park, home of Wycombe Wanderers.[79]

Honours[edit]

Managerial[edit]

Affiliated clubs[edit]

References[edit]

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