|Comune di Realmonte|
The so-called Scala dei Turchi.
|• Total||20.37 km2 (7.86 sq mi)|
|Elevation||144 m (472 ft)|
|• Density||220/km2 (580/sq mi)|
|Time zone||UTC+1 (CET)|
|• Summer (DST)||UTC+2 (CEST)|
Realmonte (Sicilian: Muntiriali) is a comune (municipality) in the Province of Agrigento in the Italian region Sicily, located about 90 kilometres (56 mi) south of Palermo and about 10 kilometres (6 mi) west of Agrigento.
A tourist attraction in the town is the Scala dei Turchi.
The ancient Roman villa nearby with exquisite mosaics can be visited.
The large and elaborate Roman villa of Realmonte (also called Durrueli) is located on the coast. In Roman times this would have represented the seat of a large estate or latifundia. Excavations have recently revealed more of the extent and history of the site.
It is not known when the municipality was founded, but its origins probably go back to the second half of the 17th century.
The Roman villa
The Roman villa was first discovered in 1907 consisting of two rooms with elaborate opus sectile in expensive coloured marbles and three rooms with mosaic floors dating from the 1st c. AD.
Further excavations in 1979-1985 brought to light and adjacent wing of the villa with the thermal baths, probably built in a later period in 2nd c. AD. The villa included a peristyle around a garden which included the impluvium, a large basin for collecting rainwater.
Excavations resumed in 2017 and revealed that the villa extended to an area of 5000 sq. m and was occupied until the 7th c. AD. It became a major industrial site producing tiles and pottery in the later period.
- "Superficie di Comuni Province e Regioni italiane al 9 ottobre 2011". Istat. Retrieved 16 March 2019.
- "Popolazione Residente al 1° Gennaio 2018". Istat. Retrieved 16 March 2019.
- Archeologists uncover new economic history of ancient Rome: https://phys.org/news/2017-08-archeologists-uncover-economic-history-ancient.html
- LA VILLA ROMANA MERAVIGLIE ARCHEOLOGICHE E PANORAMA DA SOGNO: http://livingagrigento.it/Cultura/main/cultura?strutt_id=1277__Sito-Archeologico-Villa-Romana-Durrueli
- The Roman Villa in the Mediterranean Basin: Late Republic to Late Antiquity, Annalisa Marzano, Guy P. R. Métraux, Cambridge University Press, 30 Apr 2018, p 200
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