Reasons of the Supreme Court of Canada by Chief Justice Wagner

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This is a list of all the reasons written by Justice Richard Wagner during his tenure as puisne justice of the Supreme Court of Canada.


XXX statistics
Majority or Plurality
Concurrence/dissent Total = 10
Written opinions = 10 Oral opinions = 0 Unanimous decisions = 4
Case name Issue Co-authored by Joined by
R v Bélanger
2013 SCC 7 [1]
Offence of dangerous driving Unanimous
R v Pham
2013 SCC 15 [2]
Collateral consequences in sentencing Unanimous
R v Buzizi
2013 SCC 27 [3]
Criminal defence of provocation and whether the defence should have been put to the jury LeBel J
R v Gauthier
2013 SCC 32 [4]
Elements of the criminal defence of abandonment LeBel, Abella, Rothstein, Moldaver and Karakatsanis JJ
R v Youvarajah
2013 SCC 41 [5]
Admissibility of hearsay evidence: prior inconsistent statements Rothstein J
Conseil scolaire francophone de la Colombie-Britannique v British Columbia
2013 SCC 42 [6]
Civil procedure – Admissibility of affidavits in languages other than English under 1731 English Act received into British Columbia law providing English as language of court "proceedings" McLachlin CJ and Rothstein and Moldaver JJ
Payette v Guay inc
2013 SCC 45 [7]
Contracts – Restrictive covenants in agreement for sale of assets Unanimous
Régie des rentes du Québec v Canada Bread Company Ltd
2013 SCC 46 [8]
Judicial review of Régie des rentes du Québec's decision under the Supplemental Pensions Plan Act partially terminating the pension plans of two divisions closed by the employer Abella, Rothstein, Cromwell and Karakatsanis JJ
Infineon Technologies AG v Option consommateurs
2013 SCC 59 [9]
Civil procedure – Class actions and court jurisdiction LeBel J Unanimous
La Souveraine, Compagnie d'assurance générale v Autorité des marchés financiers
2013 SCC 63 [10]
Provincial offences and strict liability under the Quebec Act respecting the distribution of financial products and services McLachlin CJ and Rothstein, Cromwell, Moldaver and Karakatsanis JJ


Majority or Plurality
Concurrence/dissent Total = 17
Written opinions = 17 Oral opinions = 0 Unanimous decisions = 12
Case name Issue Co-authored by Joined by
Vivendi Canada Inc v Dell'Aniello
2014 SCC 1 [11]
Authorization of class actions LeBel J Unanimous
R v MacDonald
2014 SCC 3 [12]
Unreasonable search and seizure Moldaver J Rothstein J
Canada (AG) v Whaling
2014 SCC 20 [13]
Double jeopardy and s. 11(d) of the Charter Unanimous
Reference Re Supreme Court Act, ss 5 and 6
2014 SCC 21 [14]
Eligibility requirements to the Supreme Court of Canada McLachlin CJ and LeBel, Abella, Cromwell and Karakatsanis JJ
Peracomo Inc v TELUS Communications Co
2014 SCC 29 [15]
Maritime law and tort liability
Ontario (Community Safety and Correctional Services) v Ontario (Information and Privacy Commissioner)
2014 SCC 31 [16]
Access to information and exemptions under the Freedom of Information and Protection of Privacy Act Cromwell J Unanimous
Immeubles Jacques Robitaille inc v Quebec (City of)
2014 SCC 34 [17]
Municipal law and by-law offences Unanimous
Union Carbide Canada Inc v Bombardier Inc
2014 SCC 35 [18]
Settlement privilege and offers to settle Unanimous
United Food and Commercial Workers, Local 503 v Wal-Mart Canada Corp
2014 SCC 45 [19]
Judicial review of labour arbitration decision and employer's unilateral change of employment conditions under s. 59 of the Quebec Labour Code Rothstein J
Canada (AG) v Confédération des syndicats nationaux
2014 SCC 49 [20]
Motions to dismiss LeBel J Unanimous
R v Taylor
2014 SCC 50 [21]
Right to counsel under s. 10(b) of the Charter Unanimous
Quebec (Commission des normes du travail) v Asphalte Desjardins inc
2014 SCC 51 [22]
Employment contracts of an indefinite duration and the obligation to give notice of termination Unanimous
Marcotte v Fédération des caisses Desjardins du Québec
2014 SCC 57 [23]
Division of powers and bills of exchange Rothstein J Unanimous
Bank of Montreal v Marcotte
2014 SCC 55 [24]
Class actions and standing Rothstein J Unanimous
Amex Bank of Canada v Adams
2014 SCC 56 [25]
Class actions and the Quebec Consumer Protection Act Rothstein J Unanimous
R v Steele
2014 SCC 61 [26]
Whether robbery committed by using threats of violence to a person falls within the meaning of "serious personal injury offence" under s. 752.1(1) of the Criminal Code Unanimous
Imperial Oil v Jacques
2014 SCC 66 [27]
Whether a party to a civil proceeding can request disclosure of recordings of private communications intercepted by the state in the course of a criminal investigation LeBel J Rothstein, Cromwell and Moldaver JJ


Majority or Plurality
Concurrence/dissent Total = 12
Written opinions = 11 Oral opinions = 1 Unanimous decisions = 5
Case name Issue Co-authored by Joined by
Saskatchewan Federation of Labour v Saskatchewan
2015 SCC 4 [28]
Whether a right to strike is protected by freedom of association under s. 2(d) of the Charter; Whether prohibition on essential employees participating in strike action amounts to substantial interference with a meaningful process of collective bargaining Rothstein J
Potter v New Brunswick Legal Aid Services Commission
2015 SCC 10 [29]
Whether administrative suspension constitutes a unilateral act amounting to a breach of contract via constructive dismissal; Whether pension benefits should be deducted from damages for wrongful dismissal Abella, Rothstein, Moldaver and Karakatsanis JJ
Quebec (AG) v Canada (AG)
2015 SCC 14 [30]
Whether federal legislation abolishing the long-gun registry also containing provision requiring the destruction of long-gun registration data is ultra vires the criminal law power of Parliament under s. 91(27) of the Constitution Act, 1867 LeBel and Gascon JJ
Quebec (AG) v Canada (AG)
2015 SCC 22 [31]
Constitutionality of an appointment to the Court of Appeal of Quebec from the Federal Court of Appeal under s. 98 of the Constitution Act, 1867 Unanimous (oral)
R v St-Cloud
2015 SCC 27 [32]
Interpretation of s. 515(10)(c) of the Criminal Code permitting a trial judge to order the detention of the accused if it "is necessary to maintain confidence in the administration of justice" Unanimous
Hinse v Canada (AG)
2015 SCC 35 [33]
Crown's power of mercy vested in the federal Minister of Justice under the Criminal Code; Standard of fault applicable to Minister's refusal to exercise Crown's power of mercy; Whether, in the case of abuse of process and where there is pro bono agreement, damages can be awarded in Quebec in respect of extrajudicial fees in order to compensate a party who has suffered damages resulting from the fault of another party Gascon J Unanimous
Société en commandite Place Mullins v Services immobiliers Diane Bisson inc
2015 SCC 36 [34]
Dispute of brokerage contracts Unanimous
Strickland v Canada (AG)
2015 SCC 37 [35]
Whether provincial superior courts have jurisdiction to address validity of federal child support guidelines Abella J
Quebec (Commission des droits de la personne et des droits de la jeunesse) v Bombardier Inc (Bombardier Aerospace Training Center)
2015 SCC 39 [36]
Discrimination and right to equality under s. 10 of the Quebec Charter of Human Rights and Freedoms Côté J Unanimous
Guindon v Canada
2015 SCC 41 [37]
Whether proceedings under s. 163.2 of the Income Tax Act imposing monetary penalties on every person who makes a false statement that could be used by another person for purposes under that Act are criminal in nature or lead to the imposition of true penal consequences; Whether an individual assessed for same penalties is a person "charged with an offence" within the meaning of s. 11 of the Charter Abella J Karakatsanis J
Caron v Alberta
2015 SCC 56 [38]
Whether provincial Languages Act is ultra vires or inoperative insofar that by requiring provincial laws and regulates to be enacted, printed and published in English only, it abrogates the constitutional duty owed by Alberta to enact, print and publish its laws and regulations in both English and French in Rupert's Land and North-Western Territory Order (1870) Côté J Abella J
R v Lacasse
2015 SCC 64 [39]
Sentencing and power of an appellate court Abella, Moldaver, Karakatsanis and Côté JJ


  • R v Lloyd, 2016 SCC 13 (concurrence/dissent)
  • Canada (AG) v Chambre des notaires du Québec, 2016 SCC 20 (unanimous)
  • Canada (National Revenue) v Thompson, 2016 SCC 21 (unanimous)
  • Rogers Communications Inc v Chateauguay (City of), 2016 SCC 23 (majority)
  • Wilson v Atomic Energy of Canada Ltd, 2016 SCC 29 (concurrence)
  • Ferme Vi-Ber inc v Financière agricole du Québec, 2016 SCC 34 (majority)
  • Ledcor Construction Ltd v Northbridge Indemnity Insurance Co, 2016 SCC 37 (majority)
  • Conférence des juges de paix magistrats du Québec v Quebec (AG), 2016 SCC 39 (unanimous)
  • R v C K-D, 2016 SCC 41 (oral; unanimous)
  • Endean v British Columbia, 2016 SCC 42 (concurrence)
  • Morasse v Nadeau-Dubois, 2016 SCC 44 (dissent)


Richard Wagner 2017 statistics
Majority or Plurality
Concurrence/dissent Total = 10
Written opinions = 8 Oral opinions = 2 Unanimous decisions = 3
Case name Issue Co-authored by Joined by
Godbout v Pagé
2017 SCC 18 [40]
Automobile insurance and bodily injuries McLachlin CJ and Abella, Karakatsanis, Gascon and Brown JJ
Green v Law Society of Manitoba
2017 SCC 19 [41]
Law of professions – Lawyers and continuing professional development McLachlin CJ and Moldaver, Karakatsanis and Gascon JJ
Desjardins Financial Security Life Assurance Co v Émond
2017 SCC 20 [42]
Insurance and exclusionary clauses Unanimous (oral)
R v Savard
2017 SCC 21 [43]
[DESCRIPTION] Unanimous (oral)
R v Antic
2017 SCC 27 [44]
Right not to be denied reasonable bail without just cause Unanimous
Stewart v Elk Valley Coal Corp
2017 SCC 30 [45]
Discrimination based on mental and physical disability Moldaver J
Douez v Facebook, Inc
2017 SCC 33 [46]
Private international law – Jurisdiction Karakatsanis and Gascon JJ
Quebec (AG) v Guérin
2017 SCC 42 [47]
Standard of review of arbitration decisions Gascon J McLachlin CJ and Karakatsanis J
Uniprix inc v Gestion Gosselin et Bérubé inc
2017 SCC 43 [48]
Contract interpretation and renewal clauses Gascon J Abella, Moldaver, Karakatsanis and Brown JJ
Montreal (City of) v Dorval
2017 SCC 48 [49]
Civil liability of municipalities McLachlin CJ and Abella, Moldaver and Gascon JJ