Rabbi Rebecca Trachtenberg Alpert (born April 12, 1950) is an American professor of Jewish American religious history, and was one of the first congregational women rabbis. Her chief speciality is sexuality in Judaism, and says that her beliefs were transformed by a Sabbath prayer book (Siddur Nashim) that refers to God as ‘She’.
Early life and education
Rebecca Alpert was born in Brooklyn, New York to Sylvia and Irving Trachtenberg. She attended Erasmus Hall High School and Barnard College before getting her Ph.D. in religion at Temple University and her Rabbinical training at the Reconstructionist Rabbinical College (RRC) in Wyncote, Pennsylvania, outside Philadelphia, Pennsylvania. Her specialization is in American and especially Jewish American religious history, and she focuses on issues related to gender, sexuality and race. Her thinking about many of these issues was shaped by her teachers, who included Elaine Pagels and Mordecai Kaplan, the founder of Reconstructionist Judaism.
After graduation, Alpert worked on a contractual basis with a number of synagogues in the U.S. and Canada. In this capacity she was among a handful of the first generation of congregational women rabbis. She came out as a lesbian in 1986. She divorced her husband Joel Alpert and became partners with Christie Balka. During this time she also taught courses in Holocaust Studies at Rutgers University, and she was the Dean of Students at the RRC until 1987. Thereafter she served in several capacities at Temple University: as Director of Adult Programs, Director of the Program in Women's Studies, and finally a faculty member in the departments of religion and women's studies.
Alpert's research has focused on explaining and expounding the Reconstructionist tradition, the place of gays and lesbians in Jewish religious history and she is currently writing on the relationships between Jews, blacks and sports during the years 1930-1950. Her book on that topic, Out of Left Field: Jews and Black Baseball, was published by Oxford University Press. She has also edited several volumes and published articles on a wide range of topics including sexuality in Judaism, the definition of who is Jewish and who is not, gay liberation theology, and Jackie Robinson. She wrote “Finding Our Past: A Lesbian Interpretation of the Book of Ruth,” which was included in Reading Ruth: Contemporary Women Reclaim a Sacred Story, edited by J. A. Kates and G.T. Reimer (1994). She has lectured at a number of colleges and universities, including Columbia, UPenn, Princeton and Swarthmore and is an active public intellectual who writes for mainstream publications and frequently speaks at rallies and on panels in the Philadelphia region and beyond. Alpert is a recipient of a Christian R. and Mary F. Lindback Distinguished Teaching Award. She has recently taught courses on religion in American public life, Jews, America and sports, and sexuality in world religions.
Alongside Katherine Franke, a Columbia Law School professor, Rabbi Alpert publicly canceled her scheduled appearance at the Equality Forum's 2012 Global LGBT Summit in Philadelphia to protest Israel’s policies toward the Palestinians, accusing the organizers of the forum of becoming “cheerleaders for Israel.”
She commented (Reform Judaism, Winter 1991):
The experience of praying with Siddur Nashim [the first Sabbath prayer book to refer to God using female pronouns and imagery] ... transformed my relationship with God. For the first time, I understood what it meant to be made in God's image. To think of God as a woman like myself, to see Her as both powerful and nurturing, to see Her imaged with a woman's body, with womb, with breasts – this was an experience of ultimate significance. Was this the relationship that men have had with God for all these millennia? How wonderful to gain access to those feelings and perceptions.
Siddur Nashim was self-published in 1976 by Naomi Janowitz and Margaret Wenig.
- Articles by Rebecca Alpert on the Berman Jewish Policy Archive @ NYU Wagner
- Exploring Judaism: A Reconstructionist Approach with Jacob Staub, (Reconstructionist Press, 1985 and rev.ed. 2000)
- Lesbian Rabbis: The First Generation, editor, with Sue Elwell and Shirley Idelson, (Rutgers University Press, 2001)
- Like Bread on the Seder Plate: Jewish Lesbians and the Transformation of Tradition (Columbia University Press, 1997)
- The Life and Thought Of Tehilla Lichtenstein (booklet)
- Voices of the Religious Left: A Contemporary Sourcebook, editor (Temple University Press, 2000)
- Whose Torah?: A Concise Guide to Progressive Judaism (The New Press, 2008)
- Out of Left Field: Jews and Black Baseball (Oxford University Press, 2011)
- Religion and Sports: An Introduction and Case Studies (Columbia University Press, 2015)
- Reconstructionist Rabbinical Association, 2008 Directory
- Rebecca Alpert. "Like Bread on the Seder Plate: Jewish Lesbians and the Transformation of ...". Books.google.com. Retrieved 2016-04-28.
- "Rebecca Alpert • Oral History Interview • LGBT-RAN". Lgbtran.org. Retrieved 2016-04-28.
- "Archived copy". Archived from the original on April 12, 2009. Retrieved August 26, 2009.
- "Archived copy". Archived from the original on September 13, 2012. Retrieved May 25, 2011.
- "Dictionary of the Old Testament: Wisdom, Poetry & Writings". Books.google.com. Retrieved 2016-04-28.
- "Previous Award Winners". Temple Faculty Development. Retrieved 11 June 2015.
- "Rebecca T. Alpert | Rebecca Alpert's Website". Sites.temple.edu. 2011-10-22. Retrieved 2016-04-28.
- "Gender & Sexuality Law Blog » Blog Archive » Why We Boycotted the Equality Forum: Gay Rights Became a Tool in Israel’s Rebranding Campaign". Blogs.law.columbia.edu. Retrieved 2016-04-28.
- "Embassy Row: Pink washing and pink elephant". The Washington Times. Retrieved 2016-04-28.