Rebecca of Sunnybrook Farm (play)
|Rebecca of Sunnybrook Farm|
Poster for the play
|Written by||Kate Douglas Wiggin and Charlotte Thompson|
|Date premiered||November 15, 1909|
|Place premiered||Court Square Theatre, Springfield, Massachusetts|
Rebecca of Sunnybrook Farm is a play written by Kate Douglas Wiggin and Charlotte Thompson. It is an adaptation of Wiggin's novels about the character Rebecca Rowena Randall, including elements from the 1903 novel of the same name and the 1907 follow-up, New Chronicles of Rebecca. Producers Klaw and Erlanger debuted it at the Court Square Theatre in Springfield, Massachusetts on November 15, 1909. After touring New England for a season, it appeared on Broadway, opening at the Republic Theatre on October 3, 1910. The play received positive reviews and was used as the basis for subsequent movie adaptations.
Orphan Rebecca Rowena Randall is sent to live with her dour aunts, Jane and Miranda Sawyer. She has trouble adjusting to her new home at first, and tries to run away. Eventually her light-hearted optimism wins over her aunts and attracts the interest of local boy Adam Ladd.
Author Kate Douglas Wiggin's bestselling children's novel Rebecca of Sunnybrook Farm was first published in 1903. A sequel, New Chronicles of Rebecca, was published in 1907. In the summer of that year, Wiggin was approached by fellow author Charlotte Thompson about adapting the Rebecca stories for the stage. Wiggin was skeptical about the suggestion, but Thompson had previous experiencing adapting novels into plays, so Wiggin agreed to collaborate with her. The resulting adaptation used material from both novels. In the spring of 1908, they submitted the script to the production team of Marc Klaw and A. L. Erlanger, who accepted it and began work on the production that debuted in November 1909.
The first production of the play appeared at the Court Square Theatre in Springfield, Massachusetts, where it debuted on November 15, 1909. After it toured in New England during the 1909–10 season, Klaw and Erlanger took the pay to the Republic Theatre on Broadway for the 1910–11 season. It opened there on October 3, 1910, and continued for 216 performances. The production closed on April 8, 1911.
Cast and characters
The characters and cast from the Broadway production are given below:
|Rebecca Rowena Randall||Edith Taliaferro|
|Jeremiah Cobb||Archie Boyd|
|Alice Robinson||Etta Bryan|
|Minnie Smellie||Kathryn Bryan|
|Abner Simpson||Samuel Coit|
|Miranda Sawyer||Marie L. Day|
|Mrs. Perkins||Ada Deaves|
|Mrs. Simpson||Viola Fortescue|
|Emma Jane Perkins||Lorraine Frost|
|Jane Sawyer||Eliza Glassford|
|Adam Ladd||Ralph Kellard|
|Clara Belle Simpson||Violet Mersereau|
|Abijah Flagg||Ernest Truex|
The play received positive reviews. The New York Times praised the story and acting, saying the play was enjoyable for adults and even better for children. The Theatre praised the acting and the lighthearted tone of play. The New-York Tribune called it "a constant delight from beginning to end".
The play served as the basis for several movie adaptations, all using the title Rebecca of Sunnybrook Farm. A 1917 silent film adaptation starred Mary Pickford as Rebecca and was directed by Marshall Neilan. The first sound adaptation in 1932 starred Marian Nixon and was directed by Alfred Santell. A musical film adaptation in 1938 starred Shirley Temple and was directed by Allan Dwan.
- Burbank, Emily M. (October 22, 1910). "Rebecca of Sunnybrook: How Kate Douglas Wiggin Was Induced to Turn Her Enormously Popular Books Into a Play". The New York Times Saturday Review of Books. p. 586.
- "Play from 'Rebecca' Books". The New York Times. November 17, 1909. p. 11.
- Burbank, Emily M. (October 22, 1910). "Rebecca of Sunnybrook: How Kate Douglas Wiggin Was Induced to Turn Her Enormously Popular Books Into a Play". The New York Times Saturday Review of Books. p. 582.
- Fisher, James & Londré, Felicia Hardison (2009). The A to Z of American Theater: Modernism. Lanham, Maryland: Rowman & Littlefield. p. 396. ISBN 978-0-8108-6884-7. OCLC 435421492.
- "Theatrical Notes". The New York Times. April 5, 1911. p. 9.
- "The Heart of a Child in This Tender Play". The New York Times. October 4, 1910. p. 11.
- "At the Playhouse". The Theatre. 12 (117). November 1910. p. xiii.
- "The Theatre". New-York Tribune. October 9, 1910. p. 6 – via Newspapers.com.