Rebel Heart (film)
|Country of origin||United Kingdom|
|No. of episodes||4|
|Running time||50 minutes per episode|
|Original channel||BBC One|
|Original release||7 January – 28 January 2001|
Rebel Heart is a 2001 British television drama miniseries starring James D'Arcy as the fictional Ernie Coyne, an Irish nationalist. It is in four parts, and set during the Irish War of Independence from 1916 (The Easter Rising) until the end of the Civil War. Michael Collins was idolised by Ernie, and was consequently featured frequently, as a leader and as a friend. It generated a large amount of controversy before its release.
|James D'Arcy||Ernie Coyne|
|Vincent Regan||Tom O'Toole|
|Paloma Baeza||Ita Feeney|
|Dawn Bradfield||Ursula Feeney|
|Brendan Coyle||Michael Collins|
|Lorcan Cranitch||Insp. Nelson|
Despite most major characters being Irish, the leading roles were mostly played by British-born actors.
In the first instalment of Rebel Heart we are introduced to the character Ernie Coyne and his exploits during the Easter Rising of 1916. Ernie's nationalistic overtones are contrasted against the working class marxism of the other characters, including Tom O'Toole (Vincent Regan) and Kelly (Frank Laverty). On the evening of the first day at the General Post Office Ernie's mother comes by to try and convince him to come home. The upper class manner in which she is dressed is commented on by O'Toole and Kelly because of their working class origins. Ernie takes the job of runner (dispatch carrier), relaying orders between the different units around Dublin that have been cut off from one another. When delivering his first message to St Stephen's Green he meets sisters Ita Feeney (Paloma Baeza) and Ursula Feeney (Dawn Bradfield) who, with a group of republican soldiers, are pinned down by enemy machine gun fire. One of the sisters kills the machine gunner thus stopping the fire that is pinning the republican soldiers down and allowing them to fall back to the College of Surgeons. After delivering his report Ernie goes off on his other run where he continually dodges danger whilst delivering his messages.
On his final run down to Northumberland Road all he finds is the dead bodies of the republicans that have been killed by the British. However he is able to locate four remaining survivors of the unit to whom he gives the chocolate that his mother gave him earlier as it is painfully clear that the four men will die. The rebellion collapses, when it emerges that the Irish people have not risen to support it. In fact the reaction to the rebellion from most Irish people, Protestant and Roman Catholic was hostile. As the government forces close in, Patrick Pearse ordered a general unconditional surrender. Ernie is captured and imprisoned with the rest of his associates, refusing the special treatment arranged for him by his influential father.
The episode finishes with a number of the rebel leaders, such as Patrick Pearse and Thomas Clarke, being tried by military tribunal and executed for treason (for leading a rebellion while the United Kingdom was at war with Imperial Germany).
The Irish Volunteers are released from jail in 1916, their early release a gesture of attempted concilliation by the British authorities. When they arrive in Dublin aboard a train they are greeted by a fervently nationalistic crowd, waving Irish tricolours. Coyne returns to his upper-middle-class family in Dublin. He has secured a place at the prestigious Trinity College Dublin, leading to the contempt of some of his working-class fellow Easter Rising veterans.
However, Coyne is soon involved with separatist politics again. He involves himself in vote-rigging in the 1918 General Election to try and boost Sinn Féin's chances against the liberal nationalist Irish Parliamentary Party and unionist Irish Unionist Party, much to the disgust of his respectable parents. Sinn Féin won the election in a landslide victory, often uncontested in seats, and this gave a more official nature to their claim to speak for the people of Ireland.
His involvement leads to Coyne becoming mixed up once more with the militant wing of the movement, who want to drive the British out by killing British soldiers and members of the Royal Irish Constabulary. One of the veterans of the Easter Rising Michael Collins is playing a leading role in the embyronic Irish Republican Army. A number of events such as the burial of County Meath militant Thomas Ashe, who had died on hunger strike, persuaded Coyne and many other Irishmen to take up arms against the government forces.
The production of Rebel Heart proved to be very controversial with various people. It was most heavily criticised in Britain for what was perceived as its slanted viewpoint of the events between 1916 and 1922.
Criticised in particular was the involvement of the BBC in making a film purportedly propagandising for the IRA during the delicate peace process in Northern Ireland. The Ulster Unionist leader David Trimble attacked the corporation for making a series that could be used as propaganda for the modern IRA.
It was also attacked by Irish nationalist historians, who highlighted the fact that the series portrayed Michael Collins in a bad and sinister light, particularly in the later episodes when he signs a peace treaty with the British, which angered many supporters of Collins.
In the first episode the Battle of Mount Street Bridge is depicted as having been fought on the last day of the Rising, in reality it was fought on the third day of the rising.
Eammon Ceannt is depicted as having been executed after James Connolly, in reality Ceannt was executed by firing squad four days before James Connolly was shot
The series has not yet been released on DVD.
- Rebels against British tyranny|13Jan01|Socialist Worker
- Ronan Bennett hits back | UK news | The Observer
- An Phoblacht/Republican News