|Industry||Video game industry|
|Genre||Video games, comics and books|
|Founded||4 December 1992|
|Owner||The Kingsley brothers|
Number of employees
Rebellion Developments Limited is a British video game developer based in Oxford, England, known for its Sniper Elite series and multiple games in the Alien vs. Predator series. Rebellion has published comic books since the year 2000, in which it purchased 2000 AD (publisher of characters such as Judge Dredd and Rogue Trooper). The company launched its own book imprint, Abaddon Books, in 2006.
In 1992, brothers Jason and Chris Kingsley founded Rebellion. The pair had just finished academic degrees at the University of Oxford, and had ambitions of starting doctorates. In their spare time, they did freelance work in the games industry. When their freelance jobs roles began to expand and they were taking on more management responsibilities, they decided to establish Rebellion in Oxford. The foundation of the studio was laid when the brothers secured a deal with video game publisher Atari UK. They presented a 3D dragon flight game demo to directors at the publisher, who were seeking games for the upcoming Atari Jaguar system. They were commissioned by Atari to work on two titles for the Jaguar, Checkered Flag and Alien vs Predator, which both released in 1994. The development team was expanded to assist with work on these games. It included artists Stuart Wilson, Toby Banfield, and Justin Rae and programmers Mike Beaton, Rob Dibley, and Andrew Whittaker. Following Alien vs Predator, Rebellion saw no releases for some years, with their next project, the intentionally light-hearted PC game Mr. Tank, going unpublished.
In June 2000, they bought the comic 2000 AD from Fleetway, and have since developed several characters from the comic for the games market. The first commercial release, Judge Dredd: Dredd Vs. Death was mildly successful. A second game was released in 2006 based on Rogue Trooper. Its 2005 game Sniper Elite was awarded "Best PC/Console Game" in the TIGA Awards of 2005.
In 2004, Rebellion entered a deal with DC Comics to reprint several 2000 AD stories in trade paperback form, including Judge Dredd, Strontium Dog, Nikolai Dante, and Sinister Dexter. When DC left the venture, citing poor sales, Rebellion created its own line of American graphic novels, distributed through Simon & Schuster. In 2005 Rebellion also created the Judge Dredd: The Complete Case Files series, which has begun reprinting almost every appearance of Judge Dredd in chronological order.
In 2006, following the demise of Elixir Studios, Rebellion purchased all IP related to the studio, including Evil Genius and Republic: The Revolution. Later, in 2009, Jason Kingsley confirmed rights ownership of former Vivendi franchises sold before merging with Activision in 2008, as well as the intention of making new sequels of those and Elixir Studios games.
In 2006, Rebellion purchased Tomb Raider developers Core Design from Eidos Interactive, as well as Strangelite from Empire Interactive, making the company the largest independent European development studio. Rebellion launched their novel imprint Abaddon Books and made a number of publishing purchases. These included buying Clickwheel, which was used to digitally published 2000 AD, with archives and an online iPhone comic reading application launched later. Rebellion was awarded the Develop Industry Excellence Award 2006 for Most Improved Studio.
In August 2008, Blackfish Publishing, publisher of Death Ray magazine, announced it had been bought by Rebellion. In September 2008, Rebellion acquired Mongoose Publishing, who had previously published games like The Judge Dredd Roleplaying Game.
In 2009, Rebellion's Rogue Warrior game received poor reviews but notable titles have included Star Wars Battlefront: Renegade Squadron for the PlayStation Portable. In 2010, they developed the latest Aliens vs. Predator game, published by Sega, which received a mixed critical reception, but debuted at number one on the UK all formats chart. As of June 2011, it is the fastest-selling game of 2010 in the UK, a record previously held by BioShock 2; it was also the best-selling game on Steam, as well as on the retail PC charts. Along with developing the title's characters for video games, Rebellion continues to publish 2000 AD as well as its sister title the Judge Dredd Megazine.
Two games from Rebellion released in 2012: NeverDead, published by Konami and directed by Shinta Nojiri (who was involved in the development of the Metal Gear Solid series of games), and Sniper Elite V2, which is being co-published with 505 Games. In July 2013, Rebellion bought the Battlezone and the Moonbase Commander franchises from the Atari bankruptcy proceedings.
In September 2015, Rebellion announced that the Sniper Elite series had passed 10 million copies sold worldwide and also celebrated its 10th anniversary in that year.
In August 2016, Rebellion acquired the post-1970 IPC Youth and Fleetway comics libraries from Egmont. In that year it began to reprint the acquired stories under its new imprint Treasury of British Comics.
- Audiomotion Studios
- Rebellion Liverpool
- Rebellion Warwick
- Fearnort Production
- Rebellion Publishing
|1993||Eye of the Storm||Amiga, DOS|
|1994||Alien vs Predator||Atari Jaguar|
|Checkered Flag||Atari Jaguar|
|1998||Klustar||Game Boy, Game Boy Advance|
|1999||Aliens versus Predator||Mac OS, Windows|
|Mission Impossible||Game Boy Color|
|Tom Clancy's Rainbow Six||PlayStation|
|2000||The Mummy||PlayStation, Windows|
|Asterix: Search for Dogmatix||Game Boy Color|
|2001||Snood||Game Boy Advance|
|Midnight Club: Street Racing||Game Boy Advance|
|Gunfighter: The Legend of Jesse James||PlayStation|
|2002||Tom Clancy's Rainbow Six: Lone Wolf||PlayStation|
|Delta Force: Urban Warfare||PlayStation|
|Medal of Honor: Underground||Game Boy Advance|
|Tiger Woods PGA Tour Golf||Game Boy Advance|
|2003||Judge Dredd: Dredd vs. Death||GameCube, PlayStation 2, Windows, Xbox|
|Gunfighter II: Revenge of Jesse James||PlayStation 2|
|2004||World War Zero: Iron Storm||PlayStation 2, Windows|
|2005||Sniper Elite||PlayStation 2, Wii, Windows, Xbox|
|Delta Force: Black Hawk Down||PlayStation 2, Windows|
|2006||007: From Russia with Love||PlayStation Portable|
|Dead to Rights: Reckoning||PlayStation Portable|
|Gun: Showdown||PlayStation Portable|
|Rogue Trooper||PlayStation 2, Wii, Windows, Xbox|
|Miami Vice: The Game||PlayStation Portable|
|Delta Force: Black Hawk Down – Team Sabre||PlayStation 2, Windows|
|2007||Star Wars Battlefront: Renegade Squadron||PlayStation Portable|
|Free Running||Nintendo DS, PlayStation 2, PlayStation Portable, Wii, Windows|
|Harry Potter and the Order of the Phoenix||PlayStation Portable|
|Aliens vs. Predator: Requiem||PlayStation Portable|
|The Simpsons Game||PlayStation 2, PlayStation Portable, Wii|
|2008||Call of Duty: World at War – Final Fronts||PlayStation 2|
|2009||Shellshock 2: Blood Trails||PlayStation 3, Windows, Xbox 360|
|PDC World Championship Darts 2009||Wii|
|Rogue Warrior||PlayStation 3, Windows, Xbox 360|
|Star Wars Battlefront: Elite Squadron||PlayStation Portable|
|2010||Aliens vs Predator||PlayStation 3, Windows, Xbox 360|
|PDC World Championship Darts: ProTour||PlayStation 3, Wii, Xbox 360|
|Evil Genius: WMD||Facebook Platform|
|2011||Judge Dredd vs. Zombies||Android, iOS, Windows Phone|
|2012||NeverDead||PlayStation 3, Xbox 360|
|Sniper Elite V2||PlayStation 3, Wii U, Windows, Xbox 360|
|Zombie HQ||Android, iOS|
|Guns 4 Hire||Android, iOS, Windows Phone|
|2013||Sniper Elite: Nazi Zombie Army||Windows|
|Sniper Elite: Nazi Zombie Army 2|
|2014||Sniper Elite III||PlayStation 3, PlayStation 4, Windows, Xbox 360, Xbox One|
|2015||Zombie Army Trilogy||PlayStation 4, Windows, Xbox One|
|Evil Genius Online||Facebook Platform, iOS, Android|
|2017||Sniper Elite 4||PlayStation 4, Windows, Xbox One|
|Battlezone||PlayStation 4, Windows, Xbox One|
|2018||Strange Brigade||PlayStation 4, Windows, Xbox One|
|2018||Arca's Path||PlayStation 4, Windows|
|TBA||Evil Genius 2||TBA|
|Cancelled||Legions of the Undead: Descent into Hell||Atari Jaguar|
These games were originally developed and/or published by other companies, but were subsequently acquired and re-published by Rebellion:
- Evil Genius (2009, PC). Originally developed by Elixir Studios and published in 2004.
- Republic: The Revolution (2009, PC). Originally developed by Elixir Studios and published in 2003.
- Empire Earth: Gold Edition (2009, PC). Originally developed by Stainless Steel Studios and published in 2001. The expansion pack was released in 2002.
- Ground Control + Expansion (2009, PC). Originally developed by Massive Entertainment and published in 2000.
- Ground Control II: Operation Exodus SE (2009, PC). Originally developed by Massive Entertainment and published in 2004.
- Lords of the Realm: Royal Edition (2009, PC). Originally developed by Impressions Games and published in 1994. This includes Lords of the Realm II published in 1996.
- Lords of the Realm III (2009, PC). Originally developed by Impressions Games and published in 2004.
- Lords of Magic: Special Edition (2009, PC). Originally developed by Impressions Games and published in 1998.
- Woolfe - The Red Hood Diaries (2015, PC). Originally developed by GriN Gamestudio and published in 2015.
- Battlezone 98 Redux (2016, PC). Developed by Big Boat Interactive.
- Battlezone: Combat Commander (2018, PC). Developed by Big Boat Interactive.
- "A story of Rebellion – Inside Oxford's fiercely independent video game studio". The Telegraph. Retrieved 2018-03-31.
- "25 years of Rebellion". GamesTM. No. 196. 25 January 2018. pp. 100–105. ISSN 1478-5889.
- "Making the Jaguar Roar". GamePro. No. 69. IDG. June 1994. pp. 20–21.
- "NG Alphas: Mr. Tank". Next Generation. No. 24. Imagine Media. December 1996. pp. 167–8.
- "Rebellion corporate history". Archived from the original on 9 July 2007.
- "Rebellion picks up Tiga's game of the year award". Gamesindustry.biz. 16 December 2005. Retrieved 15 May 2014.
- Alex (2 March 2006). "Rebellion - Bought EG Rights!". Evil Genius Chat. Jonathan Mayer and Mark Sowash. Retrieved 10 June 2010.
- John Callaham (14 July 2009). "Exclusive: Rebellion CEO reveals plans for new entries in former Vivendi Games series". Big Download. AOL Games. Retrieved 10 June 2010.
- 2000AD Goes Digital: Taking Brit Comics Online, Newsarama, 17 December 2007.
- Rebellion, Clickwheel Post 2007 2000AD Archive Online Archived 8 December 2008 at the Wayback Machine., Newsarama, 15 February 2008.
- SDCC '08 - Clickwheel Unveils Comics Reader, Newsarama, 30 July 2008.
- "Develop Magazine Studio Profile".
- All change at Blackfish Archived 25 February 2009 at the Wayback Machine., 18 August 2008.
- Mongoose Joins Rebellion, ICv2, 2 September 2008
- "News - Aliens Vs. Predator Tops BioShock 2 In UK". Gamasutra. 22 February 2010. Retrieved 20 July 2011.
- Batchelor, James. "UK CHARTS: Aliens vs Predator takes No.1 | Games Industry | MCV". Mcvuk.com. Retrieved 20 July 2011.
- "Best-selling PC download games of the week: 'Aliens vs Predator' tops charts". The Independent. London. 23 February 2010. Retrieved 23 April 2010.
- "Cubicle 7 Joins Rebellion Group" Archived 24 January 2010 at the Wayback Machine., 2 June 2009
- "Rebellion acquires Solaris imprint", The Book Seller, 3 September 2009
- Lee, Aaron (22 July 2013). "Wargaming and Rebellion claim Atari IPs | Latest news from the game development industry | Develop". Develop-online.net. Retrieved 15 May 2014.
- "Sniper Elite Series Sells 10 Million". Gamespot. Retrieved 7 October 2015.
- Bunge, Nicole. "REBELLION ACQUIRES FLEETWAY AND IPC YOUTH GROUP ARCHIVES". ICv2. Retrieved 4 November 2016.
- Johnston, Rich. "Rebellion Buys Fleetway Archive – Roy Of The Rovers, Oink, Tammy, Battle, Whizzer And Chips And More". Bleeding Cool. Retrieved 4 November 2016.
- Yin-Poole, Wesley (16 June 2015). "Rebellion revives Battlezone for virtual reality headsets". Eurogamer. Retrieved 16 June 2015.
- Saed, Sharif (4 July 2017). "Evil Genius 2 is finally happening at Rebellion". VG247. Retrieved 4 July 2017.
- "Rebellion Software". Edge. No. 4. Future plc. January 1994. pp. 26–29.
- "Special Europa Feature! - Inside Rebellion". GameFan. No. Volume 2, Issue 6. Shinno Media. May 1994. pp. 130–134.
- Nuttall, Andy (May 1994). "Preview - Alien Vs Predator". ST Format. No. 58. Future plc. pp. 58–61.
- "Doom meets Overlord in Legions of the Undead". Ultimate Future Games. No. 1. Future plc. December 1994. p. 13.
- "The Top 100 Games of The Fututre". Ultimate Future Games. No. 7. Future plc. June 1995. p. 15.
- "The Ultimate Jaguar Unreleased/Beta/Source/Dev Master List!". Atari I/O. Retrieved 2018-01-25.
- Anderson, Barbara. "Legions of the Undead (Descent into Hell) – Trademark Details". Justia. Retrieved 2018-03-19.
- "RVG Interviews Rebellion". Retro Video Gamer UK. Retrieved 2018-03-19.