Reber Radio Telescope

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Reber Radio Telescope
Green Banks - Grote Reber Radio Telescope.jpg
Reber Radio Telescope
Reber Radio Telescope is located in West Virginia
Reber Radio Telescope
Reber Radio Telescope is located in the US
Reber Radio Telescope
Nearest city Green Bank, West Virginia
Coordinates 38°25′48.61″N 79°49′4.45″W / 38.4301694°N 79.8179028°W / 38.4301694; -79.8179028Coordinates: 38°25′48.61″N 79°49′4.45″W / 38.4301694°N 79.8179028°W / 38.4301694; -79.8179028
Area less than one acre
Built 1937 (1937)
Architect Grote Reber
NRHP reference # 72001291
Significant dates
Added to NRHP November 9, 1972[1]
Designated NHL December 20, 1989[2]

The Reber Radio Telescope is a historic radio telescope, located at the Green Bank Observatory near Green Bank, West Virginia. Built in 1937 in Illinois by astronomer Grote Reber, it is the first purpose-built parabolic radio telescope. It was designated a National Historic Landmark in 1989.[2][3][4]

Description and history[edit]

The Reber Radio Telescope is located on the grounds of the Green Bank Observatory (formerly part of the National Radio Astronomy Observatory) in rural Pocahontas County, West Virginia. It consists of a parabolic reflector composed of 72 radial rafters and covered in 26 gauge iron sheeting with a focal length of 20 feet (6.1 m). It is 31 feet 5 inches (9.58 m) in diameter, and is mounted on arched rails positioned on railroad wheels, allowing its angle of elevation to be controlled.[3]

The telescope was built by astronomer Grote Reber in his back yard in Wheaton, Illinois in 1937, following up on the research of Karl Jansky, the discoverer (in 1931) of radio waves emanating from the Milky Way. It was the second radio telescope ever built (after Jansky's dipole array), and the first parabolic radio telescope, serving as a prototype for the first large dish radio telescopes such as the Green Bank Telescope and Lovell Telescope constructed after World War 2. Reber was the world's only radio astronomer at the time, and his construction of the telescope and the sky surveys he did with it helped found the field of radio astronomy, revealing radio sources such as Cassiopeia A and Cygnus X-1 for the first time.

Reber sold the telescope to the US National Bureau of Standards and it was moved to Sterling, Virginia. It later became the property of the National Radio Astronomy Observatory (NRAO) and was moved to Boulder, Colorado, before being moved to the Green Bank facility.

It was listed on the National Register of Historic Places in 1972 and declared a National Historic Landmark in 1989.

The radio telescope in Reber's back yard in Wheaton, Illinois

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ National Park Service (2007-01-23). "National Register Information System". National Register of Historic Places. National Park Service. 
  2. ^ a b "Reber Radio Telescope". National Historic Landmark summary listing. National Park Service. Archived from the original on 2009-10-28. Retrieved 2007-10-13. 
  3. ^ a b Harry Butowsky (May 1, 1989). "National Register of Historic Places Inventory-Nomination: Reber Radio Telescope" (pdf). National Park Service.  and Accompanying 3 photos: from 1962, from c.1960 (with Grote Reber), and one of Karl Jansky, another astronomy pioneer with his radio antennas, from c.1930. (1.38 MB)
  4. ^ Butowsky, Harry. "National Register of Historic Places Inventory-Nomination: Reber Radio Telescope". Retrieved 20 February 2013.