Rebun, Hokkaido

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Rebun
礼文町
Town
Flag of Rebun
Flag
Official seal of Rebun
Emblem
Location of Rebun in Hokkaido
Location of Rebun in Hokkaido
Rebun is located in Japan
Rebun
Rebun
Location in Japan
Coordinates: 45°18′N 141°3′E / 45.300°N 141.050°E / 45.300; 141.050Coordinates: 45°18′N 141°3′E / 45.300°N 141.050°E / 45.300; 141.050
Country Japan
Region Hokkaido
Prefecture Hokkaido
District Rebun District
Area
 • Total 81.33 km2 (31.40 sq mi)
Population (September 30, 2016)
 • Total 2,651
 • Density 33/km2 (84/sq mi)
Symbols
 • Tree Juniperus chinensis
 • Flower Leontopodium discolor (ezo-usuyuki-sō)
 • Bird Japanese robin
Time zone Japan Standard Time (UTC+9)
City hall address 558-5 Aza Tonnai, Ōaza Kafuka-mura, Hokkaidō
097-1201
Website www.town.rebun.hokkaido.jp

Rebun (礼文町, Rebun-chō) is a town located in Sōya Subprefecture, Hokkaido, Japan. The district and town both cover the island of the same name: Rebun Island. Rebun Island is famous for its alpine flowers.

Geography[edit]

The town covers the entire area of Rebun Island in the Sea of Japan. Rebun is located approximately 50 kilometres (31 mi) from Wakkanai on mainland Hokkaido and 10 kilometres (6.2 mi) northwest of Rishiri Island. The entire island is part of the Rishiri-Rebun-Sarobetsu National Park. Lake Kushu and Mount Rebun (Rebun's highest point) are located in the town.

Rebun is well known for its 300 species of alpine flowers, some of which are endemic to the island. For this it has earned the moniker the island of flowers.[1] Such flowers include: Cypripedium macranthum Sw. var. rebunense (Kudo) Miyabe et Kudo (Rebun atsumori-sō).

Demographics[edit]

As of September 30, 2016, the town has an estimated population of 2,651 and a density of 33 persons per km2. The total area is 81.33 km2.

Arts and culture[edit]

Rebun hosts a flower festival every year.[2]

Airspace violations[edit]

With its location in the far north of Japan, Rebun has been the site of the most violations of Japanese airspace. From 1967 to 2017 14 of the 39 violations of Japanese airspace have been near Rebun. This is the most of any location in Japan. They were all by either Soviet aircraft during the Cold War or by Russian aircraft after 1991.

Sister cities[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Hunt, Paul (1988). "Rishiri-san". Hiking in Japan: An Adventurer's Guide to the Mountain Trails (First ed.). Tokyo: Kodansha International Ltd. pp. 191–192. ISBN 0-87011-893-5. 
  2. ^ Bisignani, J. D. (December 1993). "Dohoku-Northern Hokkaido". In Taran March. Japan Handbook (Second ed.). Chico, CA USA: Moon Publications, Inc. pp. 836–841. ISBN 0-918373-70-0. 

External links[edit]