Location of Rebun in Hokkaido
|• Total||81.33 km2 (31.40 sq mi)|
(September 30, 2016)
|• Density||33/km2 (84/sq mi)|
|• Tree||Juniperus chinensis|
|• Flower||Leontopodium discolor (ezo-usuyuki-sō)|
|• Bird||Japanese robin|
|Time zone||UTC+9 (JST)|
|City hall address||558-5 Aza Tonnai, Ōaza Kafuka-mura, Hokkaidō|
Rebun (礼文町 Rebun-chō) is a town located in Sōya Subprefecture, Hokkaido, Japan. The district and town both cover the island of the same name: Rebun Island. Rebun Island is famous for its alpine flowers.
The town covers the entire area of Rebun Island in the Sea of Japan. Rebun is located approximately 50 kilometres (31 mi) from Wakkanai on mainland Hokkaido and 10 kilometres (6.2 mi) northwest of Rishiri Island. The entire island is part of the Rishiri-Rebun-Sarobetsu National Park. Lake Kushu and Mount Rebun (Rebun's highest point) are located in the town.
Rebun is well known for its 300 species of alpine flowers, some of which are endemic to the island. For this it has earned the moniker the island of flowers. Such flowers include: Cypripedium macranthum Sw. var. rebunense (Kudo) Miyabe et Kudo (Rebun atsumori-sō).
Arts and culture
Rebun hosts a flower festival every year.
With its location in the far north of Japan, Rebun has been the site of the most violations of Japanese airspace. From 1967 to 2017 14 of the 39 violations of Japanese airspace have been near Rebun. This is the most of any location in Japan. They were all by either Soviet aircraft during the Cold War or by Russian aircraft after 1991.
- Hunt, Paul (1988). "Rishiri-san". Hiking in Japan: An Adventurer's Guide to the Mountain Trails (First ed.). Tokyo: Kodansha International Ltd. pp. 191–192. ISBN 0-87011-893-5.
- Bisignani, J. D. (December 1993). "Dohoku-Northern Hokkaido". In Taran March (ed.). Japan Handbook (Second ed.). Chico, CA USA: Moon Publications, Inc. pp. 836–841. ISBN 0-918373-70-0.
- Media related to Rebun, Hokkaidō at Wikimedia Commons
- Rishiri-Rebun-Sarobetsu National Park travel guide from Wikivoyage
- Official Website (in Japanese)
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