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Città di Recanati
Civic Tower.
Civic Tower.
Coat of arms of Recanati
Coat of arms
Recanati is located in Italy
Location of Recanati in Italy
Coordinates: 43°24′N 13°33′E / 43.400°N 13.550°E / 43.400; 13.550
Country Italy
Region Marche
Province Macerata (MC)
Frazioni Bagnolo, Castelnuovo, Chiarino, Le Grazie, Montefiore, Santa Lucia
 • Mayor Francesco Fiordomo (Democratic Party)
 • Total 102 km2 (39 sq mi)
Elevation 296 m (971 ft)
Population (31 December 2010)
 • Total 21,830
 • Density 210/km2 (550/sq mi)
Demonym(s) Recanatesi
Time zone CET (UTC+1)
 • Summer (DST) CEST (UTC+2)
Postal code 62019
Dialing code 071
Patron saint St. Vitus
Saint day June 15
Website Official website

Recanati is a town and comune in the Province of Macerata, in the Marche region of Italy. Recanati was founded around 1150 AD from three pre-existing castles. In 1290 it proclaimed itself an independent republic and, in the 15th century, was famous for its international fair. In March 1798 it was conquered by Napoleon Bonaparte.

It is the hometown of tenor Beniamino Gigli and poet Giacomo Leopardi, which is why the town is known to some as "the city of poetry". It contains the Teatro Persiani named after the composer of operas in the first part of the 19th century, Giuseppe Persiani, who was born in the town in 1799.


Opera of Recanati

The origin of Recanati are unclear, although the area was inhabited since prehistoric times by the Piceni. In Roman times, the river Potenza, which was navigable then, saw the rise of two cities: Potentia, at the mouth, and Helvia Recina, located more inland. When the Goths led by Radagaisus ravaged the region around 406 AD, their inhabitants took refuge on the hills, perhaps founding the modern Recanati, which would take its name from Ricina.

In the 12th century, during the controversies between Frederick Barbarossa and the Papacy, Recanati expelled the feudal counts which ruled its area, and gave itself a communal constitution under the lead of consuls (consoli). In 1203 they were replaced by podestà. In 1228, when Barbarossa's nephew Frederick II was also in conflict with the popes, Recanati sided for him, and was thus given the whole control of the seaside, and the right to found a port (the modern Porto Recanati). In 1239, however, Recanati supported the pope, and the following year Gregory IX gave it the title of City and bishopric seat that had been previously held by the nearby Osimo.

In the early 14th century, the strife between Guelphs and Ghibellines plagued also Recanati. After the citizens, among the others, ravaged and plundered the cathedral, and later killed some Guelph (pro-papal) exponents, in 1322 papal mercenaries besieged Recanati, and destroyed its fortifications, the main Ghibelline palaces and the Priors' Palaces. The Pope pardonded the city in 1328, while the bishop's seat was restored only in 1354. In 1415 Recanati hosted former Pope Gregory XII, who died here two years later.

At the time, the town was home to a popular trading fair, which was further boosted by Pope Martin V in 1422. During several centuries of economical prosperity, Recanati housed jurists, writers and artists such as Lorenzo Lotto, Guercino and others.

Recanati was occupied by Napoleonic troops in 1798. In 1831 it took part to the Risorgimento riots, and was annexed to the newly formed Kingdom of Italy in 1860 after the dissolution of most of the Papal States.

Main sights[edit]

Leopardi's palace, visitable today
Church of Santa Maria in Montemorello

Jewish population[edit]

The city of Recanati had a fairly large Jewish population for hundreds of years. Among the scholars produced by the city were Rabbi Menachem Recanati (1223–90), author of the kabbalistic work The Reasons of the Mitzvot. He was a student of Rabbi Eleazar Rokeiach from Worms, Germany, who was one of the Chassidei Ashkenaz, a group of German pietists. His work, Sefer HaRokeiach, is a guide to ethics and halacha. He wrote a mystical commentary on the Torah. Rabbi Elazar Rokeiach was also the teacher of Nachmanides, whom Rabbi Recanati quotes frequently in his work. Last names have been derived from and changed to Recanati, e.g., Agostino Recanati.

Notable people[edit]

External links[edit]