A beach on Recherche Bay near Cockle Creek
Location in Tasmania
|Ocean/sea sources||Southern Ocean|
|Designation||Australian National Heritage List|
Recherche Bay is an oceanic embayment, part of which is listed on the National Heritage Register, located on the extreme south-eastern corner of Tasmania, Australia. It was a landing place of the d’Entrecasteaux expedition to find missing explorer La Pérouse. It is named in honour of the Recherche, one of the expedition's ships.
The explorers set up a camp, made a garden and scientific observatory at Recherche Bay in April 1792 for 26 days, and again in January 1793 for 24 days. Both landings were made to seek refuge and replenish supplies although as much time as possible was dedicated to scientific research. The botanists Jacques Labillardière, Claude Riche and Étienne Pierre Ventenat, assisted by gardener botanist Félix Delahaye, collected and catalogued almost 5000 specimens including the blue gum (Eucalyptus globulus), which later became Tasmania's floral emblem. The expedition also made friendly contact with the Tasmanian Aboriginal people there in 1793.
The scientific observatory at Recherche Bay was the site of the first deliberate scientific experiment on Australian soil. At this observatory, geoscientist Elisabeth Paul Edouard de Rossel conducted a series of measurements that proved geomagnetism varied with latitude.
It will be difficult to describe my feelings at the sight of this solitary harbour situateted at the extremeties of the globe, so perfectly enclosed that one feels separated from the rest of the universe. Everything is influenced by the wilderness of the rugged landscape. With each step, one encounters the beauties of unspoilt nature, with signs of decrepitude, trees reaching a very great height, and of corresponding diameter, are devoid of branches along the trunk, but crowned with an everlasting green foliage. Some of these trees seem as ancient as the world, and are so tightly interlaced that they are impenetrable.
— Bruni d'Entrecasteaux, Recherche Bay, January 1793.
Being isolated from the main areas of early settlement, exposed to easterly gales, and the terrain and soils of a nature that discouraged European agriculture, Recherche Bay saw only moderate activity following the British settlement of Van Diemen's Land. During the 1830s and 1840s it was the site of a bay whaling station as well as a base for pilots guiding ships up the D'Entrecasteaux Channel. Whaling ships occasionally sheltered there to try out whales, two (the Maria Orr in 1846 and Offley in 1880) being wrecked there in gales. The main commercial activities in the later 19th century and into the early 20th century were timber-gathering, mostly centred on the township of Leprena and coal mining, the latter mostly based around the township of Catamaran. The Catamaran Coal Company employed the former barque James Craig as a coal hulk there.
In 2003, the private landowners of the D'Entrecasteaux expedition site sought permission to selectively log the area resulting in a large-scale campaign to protect the site from destruction.
In January 2006, the Tasmanian Land Conservancy (TLC) announced plans to raise a minimum of A$1.3 million to purchase the site from its private owners. Dick Smith pledged A$100,000 to the cause, and two weeks later it was announced that over $2 million had been raised to purchase and rehabilitate the site, and that it would be owned by the TLC.
- "Recherche Bay (North East Peninsula) Area". National Heritage Places. Department of the Environment, Australian Government. Retrieved 31 July 2015.
- "Recherche Bay (North East Peninsula) Area" (PDF). Australia's National Heritage. Department of the Environment, Australian Government. 7 October 2005. Retrieved 31 July 2015.
- "Recherche Bay (North East Peninsula) Area, Southport, TAS, Australia". Australian Heritage Database. Department of the Environment, Australian Government. 7 October 2005. Retrieved 31 July 2015.
- Landsdown, Richard (2009). Pierce, Peter, ed. Romantic aftermaths. The Cambridge History of Australian Literature (Port Melbourne: Cambridge University Press). p. 120. ISBN 978-0-521-88165-4.
- "Bid to Buy Recherche". The Mercury (Tasmania). Retrieved 20 January 2006.
- "Dick Smith joins bid to protect Recherche Bay". ABC News (Australia). 23 January 2006. Retrieved 24 January 2006.
- "Recherche Bay saved from logging". ABC News (Australia). 8 February 2006. Retrieved 11 July 2010.
- "Inclusion of a Place in the National Heritage List: Recherche Bay (North East Peninsula) Area" (PDF). Government Gazette. Commonwealth of Australia. 7 October 2005. ISSN 1032-2345. Retrieved 31 July 2015.
- Brown, Bob (2005). Tasmania’s Recherche Bay. Green Institute. pp. 56, illustrations, maps. ISBN 0-646-44899-4.
- Clode, Danielle (2008). Voyages to the South Seas: In search of Terres Australes (Paperback reprint ed.). Melbourne: Miegunyah/MUP. ISBN 0-522-85542-3.
- Duyker, Edward, ed. (March 2006). Bruny d’Entrecasteaux: Voyage to Australia and the Pacific 1791—1793. Duyker, Maryse (paperback ed.). Melbourne: Miegunyah/Melbourne University Press. p. 392. ISBN 0-522-85232-7.
- Duyker, Edward (2004). Citizen Labillardière: A Naturalist’s Life in Revolution and Exploration (1755–1834) (Paperback reprint ed.). Melbourne: Miegunyah/MUP. p. 383. ISBN 0-522-85160-6.
- Duyker, Edward (December 2004). "A French Garden in Tasmania: The Legacy of Félix Delahaye (1767—1829)". Explorations: 3–18.
- Duyker, Edward (December 2005). "Uncovering Jean Piron: In Search of d’Entrecasteaux’s Artist". Explorations: 37–45.
- Mulvaney, John; Tyndale-Biscoe, Hugh, eds. (December 2007). Rediscovering Recherche Bay (paperback ed.). Canberra: Academy of the Social Sciences in Australia. p. 156. ISBN 978-0-908290-22-2.
- Mulvaney, John (2007). 'The axe had never sounded': Place, People and Heritage of Recherche Bay, Tasmania (e-book ed.). Canberra: ANU E Press and Aboriginal History. ISBN 978-1-921313-20-2.
- Poulson, Bruce (2005). Recherche Bay: A Short History (Second ed.). Southport, Tasmania: The Management Committee of the Southport Community Centre. pp. 83, illustrations, bibliography, maps. ISBN 978-0-9757975-0-1.